By Date


  • 27-November-2015

    English

    The Experience of Middle-Income Countries Participating in PISA 2000-2015

    This report provides a systematic review and empirical evidence related to the experiences of middle-income countries and economies participating in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2000 to 2015. PISA is a triennial survey that aims to evaluate education systems worldwide by testing the skills and knowledge of 15-year-old students. To date, students representing more than 70 countries and economies have participated in the assessment, including 44 middle-income countries, many of which are developing countries receiving foreign aid. This report provides answers to six important questions about these middle-income countries and their experiences of participating in PISA: What is the extent of developing country participation in PISA and other international learning assessments? Why do these countries join PISA? What are the financial, technical, and cultural challenges for their participation in PISA? What impact has participation had on their national assessment capacity? How have PISA results influenced their national policy discussions? And what does PISA data tell us about education in these countries and the policies and practices that influence student performance?

    The findings of this report are being used by the OECD to support its efforts to make PISA more relevant to a wider range of countries, and by the World Bank as part of its on-going dialogue with its client countries regarding participation in international large-scale assessments.

  • 25-November-2015

    English

    Beyond the Crisis: New Approaches to Current and Future Economic Challenges - NAEC Seminar

    It is a real pleasure to join you today in discussing one of the most important initiatives of the OECD, the "New Approaches to Economic Challenges" (NAEC). We undertook this initiative in response to the crisis, with the purpose of doing some soul-searching, learning from the past, and updating our analytical frameworks in order to address the present and, above all, the future.

  • 25-novembre-2015

    Français

    Chili : Il est primordial d’offrir de meilleures perspectives à tous pour une économie plus inclusive et productive

    Une longue période d’expansion économique a permis d’améliorer le niveau de vie et de réduire considérablement la pauvreté au Chili, mais il faut faire plus encore aujourd’hui pour que le pays se positionne sur une trajectoire de croissance plus solide, plus inclusive et plus durable, selon la toute dernière Étude économique du Chili de l’OCDE.

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  • 25-novembre-2015

    Français

    Étude économique du Chili 2015

    La longue période de croissance économique soutenue qu’a connu le Chili a eu pour effet d’améliorer le bien être de ses citoyens et de réduire spectaculairement la pauvreté.

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  • 20-novembre-2015

    Français

    L’effet négatif de l’hétérogénéité des réglementations sur l’investissement direct étranger

    Les déterminants de l’investissement direct étranger (IDE) sont analysés au moyen de modèles de gravité, en utilisant un estimateur de Poisson et un estimateur linéaire à effets fixes.

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  • 19-novembre-2015

    Français

    Croissance du PIB - Troisième trimestre 2015, OCDE

    Ralentissement de la croissance du PIB de la zone OCDE à 0,4% au troisième trimestre de 2015

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    Also AvailableEgalement disponible(s)
  • 18-November-2015

    English

    Institutions of Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations - Challenges Ahead

    Intergovernmental fiscal institutions are the overarching framework for relations across government levels. They comprise the constitutional set up of a country; the division of power between government levels; the prevalence of fiscal rules across government levels; intergovernmental budget frameworks; the role of independent bodies such as fiscal councils in shaping fiscal relations; the inter-ministerial organisation of fiscal decision making; and other framework conditions shaping intergovernmental fiscal relations and fiscal policy. This book brings together academics and practitioners dealing with or being involved in shaping the institutions of intergovernmental fiscal relations. It has an interdisciplinary focus and provides insight from various academic or practitioners’ fields: economists, political scientists, budget management specialists and others.
     

  • 17-novembre-2015

    Français

    Améliorer la compétitivité, le pouvoir d’achat et l’emploi en renforçant la concurrence en France

    La France a considérablement diminué le poids des réglementations anticoncurrentielles et appliqué de façon efficace le droit de la concurrence dans le cas de pratiques anticoncurrentielles au cours des dix dernières années.

  • 17-novembre-2015

    Français

    La réforme du marché du travail pour des emplois plus nombreux et de meilleure qualité en Italie

    Un marché du travail qui fonctionne bien est indispensable pour promouvoir la création d'emplois, augmenter les conditions de vie, et développer une société prospère. En Italie, les diverses lacunes du marché du travail ont abouti à un chômage élevé, une faible participation au marché du travail et une inadéquation des compétences sur le marché du travail.

  • 12-November-2015

    English, PDF, 1,805kb

    Frontier firms, technology diffusion and public policy: Micro evidence from OECD countries

    This paper analyses the characteristics of firms that operate at the global productivity frontier and their relationship with other firms in the economy, focusing on the diffusion of global productivity gains and the policies that faciliate it.

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