By Date


  • 14-novembre-2017

    Français

    Etude économique de l'Espagne 2017

    L'Espagne connaît une solide reprise après une profonde récession, avec une croissance du PIB en moyenne de 2,5% au cours des trois dernières années.

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  • 6-September-2017

    English

    The Land-Water-Energy Nexus - Biophysical and Economic Consequences

    This report contributes to the discussion of interconnections between scarce resources by highlighting the nexus between land, water and energy (the LWE nexus). It focuses on a dynamic, integrated, and disaggregated analysis of how land, water and energy interact in the biophysical and economic systems. The report provides projections for the biophysical and economic consequences of nexus bottlenecks until 2060, highlighting that while the LWE nexus is essentially local, there can be significant large-scale repercussions in vulnerable regions, notably on forest cover and in terms of food and water security.
     
    The analysis is based on coupling a gridded biophysical systems model with a multi-regional, multi-sectoral dynamic general equilibrium modelling assessment. Numerical insights are provided by investigating a carefully selected set of scenarios that are designed to illustrate the key bottlenecks: one scenario for each resource bottleneck, plus two scenarios that combine all bottlenecks, with and without an overlay of climate change.

  • 31-July-2017

    English

    Making Decentralisation Work in Chile - Towards Stronger Municipalities

    This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the challenges confronting Chile’s centralised growth model and recommendations towards developing a more integrated territorial approach, capable of mobilising regional productivity catch-up potential in order to strengthen the role of regions and municipalities.

    The Chilean government has launched an ambitious decentralisation agenda, aimed at empowering municipalities by providing them with the legitimacy, financial resources, human capacities and tools required to improve their autonomy and performance. This study seeks to assist the government by covering several dimensions, looking at municipal responsibilities, fiscal and human resources, equalisation mechanisms, local public service performance,  citizen participation, and co-ordination mechanisms across levels of government.

  • 27-July-2017

    English

    OECD Economic Surveys: Argentina 2017 - Multi-dimensional Economic Survey

    Following years of unsustainable economic policies, Argentina has undertaken a bold turnaround in policies, which has helped to stabilise the economy and avoid another crisis. Building on this reform progress should help lay the foundations to raise the material living standards and well-being of all Argentinians, including the most vulnerable. This Survey discusses the challenges ahead and the policy options to address these challenges. Improvements in the areas of regulation on product markets, labour markets, competition, taxes, infrastructure, education, trade policy and financial markets would streghten investment and productivity, which are the basis for sustainable income gains. Some of these reforms will involve adjustment costs as jobs will be lost in some firms and sectors and created in others, but well-designed policies can protect the poor and vulnerable from the burden of adjustment. A current focus on strengthening the social safety net and efforts to improve the quality of education are part of such policies, as is labour market support for affected workers. The benefits of stronger growth will depend on improving the distribution of income, which is currently very unequal and leaves one third of the population in poverty, with more at risk of falling into poverty. Efforts are also underway to reduce inequalities in the access to quality education. Public transfers to reduce inequality and poverty will continue to play an important role, together with stronger efforts to curb labour market informality.

    SPECIAL FEATURES: PRODUCTIVITY; INCLUSIVE GROWTH

  • 25-juillet-2017

    Français

    Comptes nationaux trimestriels - Volume 2017 Issue 1

    Les Comptes nationaux trimestriels de l’OCDE présentent une sélection des comptes les plus couramment utilisés en matière d’analyse économique : PIB par dépense et par branche d’activité, formation brute de capital fixe par actif, formation brute de capital fixe par secteur institutionnel, détails du revenu disponible, sont publiés à prix courants et constants. L’épargne et la capacité de financement et le PIB par revenu à prix courants sont également disponibles ainsi que les données sur la population et l'emploi (concept national) et l'emploi par industrie (concept intérieur).

    Les données couvrent 35 pays de l’OCDE, ainsi que les groupes de pays suivants : OCDE, OCDE-Europe, Union européenne, zone euro, G7 et G20.

    L'ensemble des pays membres de l’OCDE produit des comptes nationaux selon le SCN 2008. Les pays non-membres qui produisent encore des comptes nationaux selon le SCN 1993.

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  • 24-juillet-2017

    Français

    Étude économique de l'Afrique du Sud 2017

    Étude économique de l'Afrique du Sud 2017

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  • 24-July-2017

    English

    South Africa: Find new ways to boost growth and job creation

    The South African economy has registered tremendous progress over the past two decades, boosting living standards and lifting millions out of poverty nationwide.

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  • 21-juillet-2017

    Français

    Etude économique du Luxembourg 2017

    Le Luxembourg est une économie avancée qui a le revenu par habitant le plus élevé de l’OCDE, grâce au dynamisme du secteur des services, notamment bancaires et financiers. L’investissement étranger est motivé par une réglementation favorable aux entreprises, la stabilité du système fiscal et une politique macroéconomique saine.

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  • 20-July-2017

    English

    Revenue Statistics in Asian Countries 2017 - Trends in Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines and Singapore

    The Revenue Statistics in Asian Countries publication is jointly undertaken by the OECD Centre for Tax Policy and Administration and the OECD Development Centre. It compiles comparable tax revenue statistics for Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines and Singapore. The model is the OECD Revenue Statistics database which is a fundamental reference, backed by a well-established methodology, for OECD member countries. Extending the OECD methodology to Asian countries enables comparisons about tax levels and tax structures on a consistent basis, both among Asian economies and between OECD and Asian economies.

  • 17-juillet-2017

    Français

    Autriche : Adopter le numérique pour dynamiser la croissance et renforcer la cohésion sociale

    Selon l’OCDE, l’économie autrichienne se raffermit à la faveur d’une réforme fiscale récente et d’une reprise des échanges mondiaux.

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