Remarks by Alvaro S. Pereira, Director, Country Studies, Economics Dept
L'économie chinoise restera le principal moteur de la croissance mondiale dans un avenir prévisible.
À mesure que l'économie chinoise parvient à maturité, avec une croissance plus lente mais plus durable, les pouvoirs publics doivent davantage concentrer leur effort sur l'efficience, la stabilité et l'inclusivité, selon une nouvelle étude de l'OCDE.
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This country note from Going for Growth 2017 for China identifies and assesses progress made on key reforms to boost long-term growth, improve competitiveness and productivity and create jobs.
The Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India is a bi-annual publication on regional economic growth, development and regional integration in Emerging Asia. It focuses on the economic conditions of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. It also addresses relevant economic issues in China and India to fully reflect economic developments in the region. The 2017 edition of the Outlook comprises four main parts, each highlighting a particular dimension of recent economic developments in the region. The first part presents the regional economic monitor, depicting the near-term and medium-term economic outlooks, as well as macroeconomic and regional integration challenges in the region. The second part discusses the recent progress made in key aspects of regional integration. The third part presents this edition's special focus: addressing energy challenges and renewable energy development in particular. The fourth part includes structural policy country notes offering specific recommendations.
Since the beginning of China’s economic transformation in the early 1970s, investment has been a key driver of China’s growth and has contributed to substantial improvements in living standards. Over three decades of average annual GDP growth of 10%, disposable incomes have soared, lifting hundreds of millions of people out of extreme poverty. The share of the population living in extreme poverty has declined from above 90% in the early 1980s to less than 10% today. However, this growth model is no longer sustainable. Returns on investment have declined, although they are still higher than those of the Asian Tigers. Excess capacity is plaguing several sectors, and negative externalities have been onerous, notably in terms of environmental degradation and income inequality. A key objective of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) is therefore to move the economy towards a path of more balanced, sustainable and inclusive growth.
Les chefs d’État et de gouvernement réunis à l’occasion du Sommet du G20 qui s’est tenu à Hangzhou en Chine ont demandé à l'OCDE d’apporter son concours à l’élaboration d’un programme d’action visant à bâtir une économie mondiale plus forte, plus innovante et plus inclusive.
Since the start of the economic reform process in the 70s China has been able to generate a large volume of investment, both from domestic and foreign sources. This high volume of investment was instrumental in sustaining strong economic growth and related improvements in living standards. However, this growth model is not longer sustainable. Returns on investment have fallen, excessive capacity is plaguing several sectors and the negative externalities have been very onerous, notably in terms of environmental degradation and rising income inequality. A key objective of the Chinese government is therefore to move the economy towards a more balanced, sustainable and inclusive growth path as envisaged by the 13th Five-Year Plan. In this adjustment process, the country is seeking new approaches for smarter, greener and more productive investment. This will require mutually reinforcing reforms to improve investment planning, rebalance the role of government and market forces, mainstream responsible business conduct and encourage greater private investment, especially in green infrastructure. China’s growing role as an outward investor may act as catalyser for the required reforms at home, as Chinese private and state-owned enterprises have to adopt internationally recognised practices and standards .
Ce document de travail décompose les gains de productivité pour la période 2000-11 en fonction de l’effet intrasectoriel, des variations de parts et de l’effet transversal, et compare la Chine à d’autres pays pour la même période. Cette analyse structurelle-résiduelle permet également de comparer la composante intrasectorielle des gains de productivité sur un grand nombre de secteurs et de pays.
Ce document de travail a pour but d’évaluer le déficit de qualifications et de connaissances des diplômés des universités et des instituts professionnels de l’enseignement supérieur en Chine. Il examine également les perspectives d’emploi et de rémunération des diplômés issus de différentes filières de formation.