This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the challenges confronting Chile’s centralised growth model and recommendations towards developing a more integrated territorial approach, capable of mobilising regional productivity catch-up potential in order to strengthen the role of regions and municipalities.
The Chilean government has launched an ambitious decentralisation agenda, aimed at empowering municipalities by providing them with the legitimacy, financial resources, human capacities and tools required to improve their autonomy and performance. This study seeks to assist the government by covering several dimensions, looking at municipal responsibilities, fiscal and human resources, equalisation mechanisms, local public service performance, citizen participation, and co-ordination mechanisms across levels of government.
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This country note from Going for Growth 2017 for Chile identifies and assesses progress made on key reforms to boost long-term growth, improve competitiveness and productivity and create jobs.
Améliorer l'éducation et les compétences est la clé de voûte pour réduire les inégalités de revenus et de stimuler la croissance de la productivité.
L'économie chilienne a eu une performance extraordinaire au cours des dernières décennies, avec une forte croissance et la baisse des taux de pauvreté.
Backed by strong economic growth Chile has made substantial progress in improving the quality of life of its citizens. Nonetheless, gaps in living standards vis-à-vis other OECD countries remain large and there are strong differences in well-being across the Chilean population. The government has introduced important steps to strengthen redistribution and improve equality of opportunities, including ambitious tax, labour and education reforms. But there is room to further improve the design of many policies to promote inclusiveness. Moreover, to sustain progress in well-being, Chile also needs faster productivity growth which stagnated until recently. This requires policies that foster competition, improve human capital accumulation and increase the diversification of the economy that still relies heavily on commodity exports.
It is a real pleasure to join you today in discussing one of the most important initiatives of the OECD, the "New Approaches to Economic Challenges" (NAEC). We undertook this initiative in response to the crisis, with the purpose of doing some soul-searching, learning from the past, and updating our analytical frameworks in order to address the present and, above all, the future.
Une longue période d’expansion économique a permis d’améliorer le niveau de vie et de réduire considérablement la pauvreté au Chili, mais il faut faire plus encore aujourd’hui pour que le pays se positionne sur une trajectoire de croissance plus solide, plus inclusive et plus durable, selon la toute dernière Étude économique du Chili de l’OCDE.
La longue période de croissance économique soutenue qu’a connu le Chili a eu pour effet d’améliorer le bien être de ses citoyens et de réduire spectaculairement la pauvreté.
This report provides an overview of frameworks and experience in Latin America and internationally in dealing with the challenges associated with corporate governance of company groups. It describes their economic rationale, benefits and relevance in Latin America, and how they are defined, overseen and regulated. It also delves into some of the risks and more specific challenges involved in ensuring protection of minority shareholder rights and managing or minimising conflicts of interest within groups. It notes the rising importance of Latin American-based multinational company groups. Finally, it reviews existing international and regional guidance on corporate governance of company groups before assessing the more specific policy options and challenges in the region, and describing the conclusions reached by the Latin American Corporate Governance Roundtable and Task Force on Company Groups based on this report’s findings. Country-specific chapters provide more specific descriptions of the frameworks in place for corporate governance of company groups in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
English, PDF, 94kb
This country note from Going for Growth 2015 for Chile identifies and assesses progress made on key reforms to boost long-term growth, improve competitiveness and productivity and create jobs.