Income equality is perceived by many as steadily embedded in Swedish society, as solid as a Volvo’s tyres firmly clinging to a narrow country road on a Småland’s bright midsummer night. However, the Gini coefficient has increased more in Sweden than in any other OECD country since the 1990s. But who is responsible when you suddenly find your Volvo wheeling off course? You, holding the wheel, or the rough northern weather?
Labour productivity in Japan is about a quarter below the average of the top half of OECD countries, which is surprising given Japan's outstanding performance in education and skills and high level of R&D spending.
English, PDF, 1,109kb
This OECD technical report to G-20 Finance Ministers and Governors provides an assessment of progress on structural reform to achieve strong, sustainable and balanced growth under the G-20 Enhanced Structural Reform Agenda (ESRA) agreed at the Hangzhou summit.
English, PDF, 617kb
Brazil’s old-age pensions have reduced old-age poverty below OECD levels, but pension expenditures of 8.2% of GDP are expected to rise rapidly as the population ages. A pension reform is necessary to ensure the financial sustainability of the system.
On several measures, China has caught up with OECD economies in the area of innovation.
La situation budgétaire de l’Indonésie est dans l’ensemble solide et la politique en la matière prudente. Mais celle-ci est toujours confrontée à d’importantes difficultés dans le domaine du développement économique et social.
En 1998, l’Indonésie s’est engagée dans un ambitieux programme de décentralisation. Facilité par les transferts financiers de l’administration centrale, le processus ainsi mis en place a permis, en l’espace de quelques années, de déléguer aux collectivités locales la responsabilité d’un grand nombre de services publics et de fonctions administratives.
English, PDF, 78kb
Urban Sila - Curriculum Vitae
The goal of the Chinese government to achieve a “moderately prosperous society in all respects” by 2020 is centred around improving social welfare throughout the population. One of the essential ingredients to doing this is a further reduction in economic inequality.
Labour markets are in a continual state of flux. Workers get employed, leave a job and become unemployed, join the labour force or leave the labour force. The balance of these flows determines the overall employment rate.