The Economics Department at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is looking to continue its tradition of evidence based policy-research by inviting postdoctoral researchers to apply jointly with the Economics Department for the European Commission's MSCA Individual Fellowship.
Pensions have been successful in reducing old-age poverty well below the population-wide average, and below the OECD average. At present, all pension recipients – and this includes around 90% of those aged 65 and above – receive at least the minimum wage, which is more than 5 times as much as the poverty line of BRL 170 (equivalent to USD 55).
Despite strong economic growth, Costa Rica’s income inequality has increased in the past decade, in stark contrast with other Latin American countries.
Income equality is perceived by many as steadily embedded in Swedish society, as solid as a Volvo’s tyres firmly clinging to a narrow country road on a Småland’s bright midsummer night. However, the Gini coefficient has increased more in Sweden than in any other OECD country since the 1990s. But who is responsible when you suddenly find your Volvo wheeling off course? You, holding the wheel, or the rough northern weather?
Labour productivity in Japan is about a quarter below the average of the top half of OECD countries, which is surprising given Japan's outstanding performance in education and skills and high level of R&D spending.
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This OECD technical report to G-20 Finance Ministers and Governors provides an assessment of progress on structural reform to achieve strong, sustainable and balanced growth under the G-20 Enhanced Structural Reform Agenda (ESRA) agreed at the Hangzhou summit.
English, PDF, 617kb
Brazil’s old-age pensions have reduced old-age poverty below OECD levels, but pension expenditures of 8.2% of GDP are expected to rise rapidly as the population ages. A pension reform is necessary to ensure the financial sustainability of the system.
On several measures, China has caught up with OECD economies in the area of innovation.
La situation budgétaire de l’Indonésie est dans l’ensemble solide et la politique en la matière prudente. Mais celle-ci est toujours confrontée à d’importantes difficultés dans le domaine du développement économique et social.
En 1998, l’Indonésie s’est engagée dans un ambitieux programme de décentralisation. Facilité par les transferts financiers de l’administration centrale, le processus ainsi mis en place a permis, en l’espace de quelques années, de déléguer aux collectivités locales la responsabilité d’un grand nombre de services publics et de fonctions administratives.