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  • 12-July-2018

    English

    Lithuania: A fast-growing economy needs to boost inclusiveness

    Lithuania is one of the fastest growing economies in the OECD. After a strong rebound in 2017, growth is set to average more than 3% over this year and the next led by buoyant investment.

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  • 12-July-2018

    English

    Fiscal Decentralisation and Inclusive Growth

    Intergovernmental fiscal frameworks, as considered by the OECD Network on Fiscal Relations Across Levels of Government, are a core driver of inclusive growth. Certain institutions and policies can contribute to a more equitable distribution of economic gains across jurisdictions and income groups, such as equalisation systems. In particular, the quality of public sector outcomes depends on how responsibilities and functions such as education or health care are shared across government levels. This implies that intergovernmental fiscal frameworks, which drive the division of roles of the central and sub-national governments, critically influence growth and the inclusiveness of an economy. This book brings together academics and practitioners to address key aspects of intergovernmental fiscal relations and country experience, as they relate to inclusive growth.
  • 11-juillet-2018

    Français

    Vers une croissance plus inclusive en Tunisie

    Le niveau de vie moyen des Tunisiens a augmenté de façon continue depuis plusieurs décennies tandis que la pauvreté et les inégalités ont largement diminué grâce à la mise en oeuvre de nombreux programmes sociaux.

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  • 10-July-2018

    English

    Brexit and Dutch Exports: Fewer glasshouses, more glass towers as agri-food shrinks and finance gains

    The Netherlands is likely to be one of the European countries that is going to be significantly affected by the United Kingdom’s planned departure from the European Union (Brexit).

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  • 9-July-2018

    English

    To shorten or to lengthen debt maturity to lower debt servicing costs?

    Low interest rates prevailing in many advanced economies in recent years have already helped to lower the debt servicing burden, but government debt and interest payments remain large in many OECD countries. Could a further reduction in interest payments be attained by "locking-in" current low interest rates?

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  • 9-July-2018

    English

    The rise of self-employment in the Netherlands: is the "polder model" at risk?

    The Netherlands has experienced a large rise in the number of individuals working as self-employed with the share in total employment rising rapidly over the past decade. This is the largest rise in the OECD countries.

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  • 5-July-2018

    English

    OECD Economic Surveys: Lithuania 2018

    Since renewed independence in 1991 and transition from a centrally planned to a market economy, Lithuania has substantially raised well-being of its citizens. Thanks to a market-friendly environment the country grew faster than most OECD countries over the past ten years. The financial system is resilient, and fiscal positions stabilised after a long period of deficits and rising debt. Yet productivity has remained subdued due to stringent labour market regulations, informality and skills mismatch. Wage and income inequality are high, fuelling emigration. The population is ageing fast and declining, particularly because of emigration, putting pressure on the pension system. A wide-reaching labour market, unemployment benefits and pension reform entitled 'new social model' implemented in 2017 is expected to reinvigorate inclusive growth, strengthen the social safety net and underpin the sustainability of public finances. However, catch-up and more inclusive growth will require raising productivity that still remains well below the OECD average, and has slowed down recently. And rapid ageing and high emigration shrink the labour force by 1% every year, requiring a comprehensive approach to address the economic consequences.SPECIAL FEATURES: PRODUCTIVITY AND INCLUSIVENESS; AGEING TOGETHER
  • 4-juillet-2018

    Français

    Renforcer la productivité et l'inclusion en s'appuyant sur les politiques structurelles au Costa Rica

    Grâce aux réformes structurelles antérieures, le Costa Rica a bénéficié d'une croissance vigoureuse du produit intérieur brut (PIB) et son niveau de productivité converge progressivement vers la moyenne de l'OCDE.

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  • 4-juillet-2018

    Français

    Costa Rica : rétablir la viabilité budgétaire et jeter les bases d'une politique budgétaire plus favorable à la croissance et plus inclusive

    Des années consécutives de déficits primaires ont conduit à une dette publique croissante à près de 50% du PIB, l'une des augmentations les plus rapides en Amérique latine au cours de la dernière décennie.

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