Working Papers


  • 24-octobre-2011

    Français

    Emploi et commerce en France: Une étude au niveau de l'entreprise (1995-2004)

    Ce document s’appuie sur trois sources permettant de constituer un ensemble de données appariées au niveau de l’entreprise et portant sur les échanges, les variables économiques et l’emploi pour la période 1995-2004.

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  • 24-October-2011

    English

    Employment and the Political Economy of Trade: A Structured Review of the Literature

    This paper reviews the main schools of thought on the political economy of trade and employment - in particular, the potential costs of liberalisation and the manner that concerns about these costs may inhibit countries' willingness to open markets.

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  • 24-October-2011

    English

    A Literature Review on Trade and Informal Labour Markets in Developing Countries

    Empirical evidence on the relationship between trade and informal labour markets suggests variations due to country-specific characteristics - in particular, labour market rigidity, capital mobility, level of economic development and heterogeneity of the informal workforce.

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  • 24-October-2011

    English

    Trade and Labour Market Outcomes in Germany

    Trade has little impact on individual-level wages, according to this analysis of the link between trade and labour market outcomes (such as wages and employment) in Germany.

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  • 24-October-2011

    English

    Trade and Employment in Japan

    This paper examines the effects of exports on employment (i.e. the number of workers), working-hours, and total worker-hours (i.e. employment times working-hours) in Japan.

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  • 19-October-2011

    English

    Wage Implications of Trade Liberalisation: Evidence for Effective Policy Formation

    Imports tend to bring wages up for skilled workers rather than push wages down, according to this study of the relationship between wages and trade in 55 countries and 40 industries. This positive effect is evidence of the increased productivity of firms who import inputs.

  • 12-October-2011

    English

    To What Extent Do Exchange Rates and their Volatility Affect Trade?

    Exchange rate levels affect trade flows in agriculture and in the manufacturing and mining sector in China, the Euro area and the United States, though they do not explain in their entirety the trade imbalances in these three economies, this paper finds.

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  • 6-October-2011

    English

    Comparative Advantage and Trade Performance: Policy Implications

    Physical and human capital (especially second- and third-level education), financial development and some aspects of labour market institutions are important policy and institutional areas that determine comparative advantage today, according to this paper.

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  • 12-September-2011

    English

    Trade Facilitation Indicators: The Impact on Trade Costs

    Advance rulings, formalities and procedures, information availability and inter-agency cooperation are the policy areas with the greatest impact on trade volumes and trade costs, according to OECD trade facilitation indicators studied in this report.

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  • 29-August-2011

    English

    The Trade Effects of Phasing Out Fossil-Fuel Consumption Subsidies

    A co-ordinated multilateral removal of fossil-fuel consumption subsidies over the 2013-2020 period would increase global trade volumes by 0.1% by 2020, according to this report.

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