Working Papers

  • 27-November-2012


    World Wheat Price Volatility: Selected Scenario Analyses

    This study provides quantitative assessments of the impact of two structural changes that a number of market observers have identified as contributing to world wheat market price volatility. The factors examined relate to changes in demand in the large emerging countries of the BRICs (comprising Brazil, the Russian Federation, India and China).

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  • 12-October-2012


    Taking Stock of Measures Restricting the Export of Raw Materials: Analysis of OECD Inventory Data

    Governments appear increasingly inclined to apply border and domestic measures to restrict the export of raw materials. For industrial raw materials, the OECD is constructing an Inventory of measures that have been applied since 2009. The underlying survey covers some 100 countries, some 15 types of measures and most minerals, metals and wood. This paper analyses 2009-2010 data collected so far for the minerals and metals sector.

  • 23-August-2012


    Stochastic Model Development and Price Volatility Analysis

    Recent experience of highly turbulent markets has renewed interest in quantitative assessment of price volatility by stochastic simulations using the AGLINK-COSIMO model. Measuring the contribution of correlation of yield shocks to price volatility, this paper shows that correlation effects account for a significant portion of price volatility for coarse grains and wheat.

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  • 16-July-2012


    Multilateralising Regionalism: Disciplines on Export Restrictions in Regional Trade Agreements

    World Trade Organisation (WTO) disciplines in the policy area of export restrictions could benefit in a number of ways from the approaches found in some regional trade agreements, according to this study.

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  • 27-June-2012


    The OECD Regulatory Reform Review of Indonesia: Market Openness

    This paper focuses on the market openness aspects of regulatory reform in Indonesia to devise recommendations for improving the country’s regulatory processes. These recommendations involve institutionalising independent and objective evaluations of policies from an economy-wide perspective, as well as instituting a process by which broad public consultations are systematically required.

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  • 29-March-2012


    Trade, Employment and Structural Change: The Australian Experience

    International trade produces income gains, but increased trade exposure also creates some challenges that require complementary policies to maximise the benefits of trade. This paper looks at how Australia has dealt with these issues in recent years.

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  • 26-March-2012


    Trade Effects of Exchange Rates and their Volatility: Chile and New Zealand

    Exchange rate volatility impacts trade flows in small, open economies more than for larger economies, according to this study of trade in the agricultural and the manufacturing and mining sectors of Chile and New Zealand.

  • 20-March-2012


    Effects of NAFTA on US Employment and Policy Responses

    The signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was a source of debate in United States politics, particularly regarding possible labour market effects. This paper gives an overview and assessment of the debate and US employment policy responses.

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  • 21-février-2012


    Est-ce que la volatilité des prix des matières premières agricoles augmente ? Une étude historique

    Ce rapport examine la question de savoir si la volatilité des prix des matières premières a sensiblement évolué avec la rapide montée des prix mondiaux en 2006-09, suivie par une baisse tout aussi marquée des prix de nombreuses matières premières.

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  • 8-February-2012


    Structural Change in Commodity Markets: Have Agricultural Markets Become Thinner?

    Market thinness, where there are few buying or selling offers, can contribute to price volatility. Contrary to general assumptions, agricultural commodity markets have not become 'thinner', according to this study of trade in selected commodities from 1970 to 2010.

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