Un grand nombre de pays en développement, en particulier parmi les pays les moins avancés, se trouvent confrontés à des contraintes du côté de l’offre qui obèrent leur capacité de tirer bénéfice des échanges commerciaux internationaux. L’aide pour le commerce renvoie à un compartiment de l’aide au développement qui a vocation à aider les pays en développement à supprimer les goulots d’étranglement dont ils pâtissent du côté de l’offre
Export restrictions on raw materials, including commodities like metals and minerals, are not always effective in meeting policy objectives and should be subject to greater transparency, says this OECD study of recent trends in these measures.
Aid for trade increases exports, creates jobs, boosts long-term economic growth and reduces poverty. Aid for trade increased 60% of the past 7 years, to USD 40 billion in 2009. The share to Africa and the Americas is growing fast, but dropping to Asia, Europe and Oceania.
In July 2010 the OECD and WTO issued a call for case stories on aid for trade. Over 300 stories from 150 countries (almost have from developing countries)worldwide provide a rich and varied source of information on the results of aid for trade activities - an indication of the progress achieved by the Aid-for-Trade Initiative. Consult the publication online and consult the case stories on www.aid4trade.org
Aid for Trade has the potential to boost economic growth in developing countries. However, while most trade reforms have been successful, some proved unsustainable and others had little impact on growth. This paper shows the reasons why and the lessons learned.
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OECD-WTO brief on Aid for Trade: Is It Working?
A report on how growth in demand for agricultural products has evolved in developing and emerging economies, notably Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia and China (the so-called BRIIC countries).
Cost-benefit analysis can help identify least-cost solutions of non-tariff measures (NTMs) designed to ensure that imported products meet domestic requirements, says this report featuring three case studies from the agri-food sector.
This study analyses the extent to which e-commerce provisions in existing regional trade agreements (RTAs) can be multilateralised, and proposes two broad approaches for doing so.
Financial market speculation did not cause the price bubble in agricultural futures markets in 2007-08, according to this preliminary study on the impact of index and swap fund participation in these commodity futures markets.