Trade can be impeded by inefficient transport infrastructure, border procedures or information flows. Better logistics services reduce trade costs for businesses and improve the competitiveness of a country's exports, according to this study. (OECD Trade Policy Working Paper No. 108)
OECD organised an expert workshop on the implementation of Aid for Trade, with a focus on the trade dimension of the Aid for Trade Initiative.
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Businesses and policymakers are concerned by recent trends in export restrictions on strategic raw materials like rare earths, metals and food commodities. OECD is working to bring more transparency and discipline to the use of these restrictions.
"The ability of the participants to design, negotiate and conclude such a thorough, market-driven agreement in less than a year is remarkable. It is testimony to the power of the multilateral cooperation that continues to drive OECD work 50 years after its creation.", M. Gurría declared.
Le G20 a aidé le monde à traverser la tempête économique. Il doit désormais se montrer capable de mettre en œuvre une nouvelle gouvernance dans le monde d’après la crise. Dans cette tâche, notre Organisation est prête à aider, déclare Gabriela Ramos, sherpa de l’OCDE au G20.
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is an important policy for the European Union and accounts for about 40% of the EU budget. Ever since its inception in 1958, the CAP has been regularly reviewed and adjusted to improve its performance and adapt to changing circumstances. At a time when the post-2013 future of the CAP is being discussed and major challenges such as food security and climate change lay ahead, it is important to review the impact of past reforms and to draw lessons for the design of future policies.
While the studies in these proceedings often take account of national and international market effects of agricultural policies, they tend to focus on the impact of policies on farms and at the regional and local levels. Today, the European Union is composed of very diverse regions that are affected very differently by any given farm policy, depending on the structural characteristics of the farms’ and regions’ economies.
This report collects papers presented at the OECD Workshop on Disaggregated Impacts of CAP Reforms, held in Paris in March 2010, which focused on recent reforms. In particular, it examined the implementation of the single payment scheme since 2005 and the transfer of funds between different measures. Special attention was also paid to reforms of the sugar and dairy sectors with respect to the quota system and the restructuring of both these industries. The papers also look at the impact of the new direct payment system on land use, production and income.
A 50% reduction of trade barriers by G20 economies, complemented by active labour and adjustment policies, could generate more jobs, higher real wages and increased exports, according to new OECD analysis. (OECD Trade Policy Working Paper no. 107)
Meeting of experts to discuss audiovisual services in the areas of production, distribution and projection of motion pictures; broadcasting services; and sound recordings.
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The OECD-Eurostat Trade by Enterprise Characteristics database (TEC) reveals that 4.5% of US firms sell to foreign markets (Figure 1). On average, a similar share of EU firms exports to other European Union member countries, but only 2.7% of EU firms export outside EU markets.
Surging food and commodity prices are undermining efforts to tackle global poverty and hunger and threaten economic growth, said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.