L'activité économique devrait repartir modérément à la hausse au niveau mondial, mais il faut redoubler d'efforts pour faire en sorte que les fruits de la croissance et de la mondialisation soient plus largement partagés, selon les dernières Perspectives économiques de l'OCDE.
La croissance du commerce de marchandises du G20 s’accélère au premier trimestre de 2017
SMEs and entrepreneurs play a key role in national economies around the world, generating employment and income, contributing to innovation and knowledge diffusion, responding to new or niched demands and social needs, and enhancing social inclusion. However, SMEs are often more affected by business environment conditions and structural policies than larger firms.
This report presents comparative evidence on SME performance and trends, and on a broad range of policy areas and business environment conditions that are important for small businesses. The analysis takes into account the multi-dimensionality of SME policy objectives and the significant heterogeneity of the SME population, within and across countries. Data and indicators on framework conditions are complemented with information on recent policy trends in OECD countries. This publication addresses a growing demand by governments for tools to monitor the business environment for small and medium-sized enterprises, and benchmark the effectiveness of policies in creating appropriate conditions for them to flourish and grow.
This report provides an analysis of how climate change damages may affect international trade in the coming decades and how international trade can help limit the costs of climate change. It analyses the impacts of climate change on trade considering both direct effects on infrastructure and transport routes and the indirect economic impacts resulting from changes in endowments and production.
Le Secrétaire général de l'OCDE, M. Angel Gurría, a mis l’accent aujourd’hui sur la détermination de l'Organisation à aider les gouvernements à mieux faire face aux conséquences négatives de la mondialisation, tout en préservant les avantages de l'ouverture des économies et des sociétés à l'échelle mondiale.
India’s economy continues to grow at an impressive rate, with projected annual GDP growth of 7.5% in 2017-18. India will thus remain the fastest-growing G20 economy. Unprecedented growth in exports in services since the 1990s has made India a global leader in this sector. Inflows of foreign direct investment (FDI) grew at three times the annual world average rate in the last decade, reflecting the success of efforts to attract international investment and gradually loosen restrictions to foreign investment. India’s economic successes are being translated into increased well-being for its population. As GDP per capita has more than doubled in ten years, extreme poverty has declined substantially. Access to education has steadily improved, and life expectancy has risen. Multiple opportunities present themselves for India, and the right mix of policies is needed to take advantage of them. India has made advances in integrating in global value chains and developing a competitive advantage in fields such as information and communication technology. Now is the time to secure continued progress by boosting competition and further lowering barriers to trade and investment. Looking to the future, it will be vital to fully tap into the potential offered by India´s young population. This means investing in the large numbers of young people entering the labour market. Likewise, the rapid pace of development must be matched with the upgrades to infrastructure necessary to support it.
I would like to thank Minister Ulla Tornes and Permanent Secretary Ulrik Vestergaard Knudsen for hosting us; and I would also like to highlight the leadership of Klavs Holm the Danish Ambassador to the OECD in setting up such an ambitious agenda. Last but not least, let me welcome representatives of the MCM co-Chairs, Australia and the United Kingdom and, of course, BIAC and TUAC.
It is a pleasure to be with you in Copenhagen. This conference fits neatly with the reflection which Denmark has been leading as Chair of the 2017 OECD Ministerial Council Meeting, whose theme is making globalisation work for all.
Règles sur Primes minimum pour les crédits à l'exportation bénéficiant d'un soutien public en novembre 2016 implémenté en 2017
L'initiative conjointe de l'OCDE et de l'OMC pour la mesure du commerce extérieur en valeur ajoutée a pour but de remédier au comptage multiple qui est implicite dans les mesures classiques de flux commerciaux bruts, et de s'intéresser plutôt à la valeur ajoutée par les pays (au travers de la rémunération du travail, des taxes et des profits) dans la production des biens ou services exportés.