Publications & Documents


  • 24-October-2011

    English

    Trade and Occupational Employment in Mexico since NAFTA

    The reduction in trade costs associated with Mexico's entry to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is related to larger employment expansions in low-skill occupations, according to this study.

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  • 24-October-2011

    English

    A Literature Review on Trade and Informal Labour Markets in Developing Countries

    Empirical evidence on the relationship between trade and informal labour markets suggests variations due to country-specific characteristics - in particular, labour market rigidity, capital mobility, level of economic development and heterogeneity of the informal workforce.

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  • 24-October-2011

    English

    Trade and Employment in Japan

    This paper examines the effects of exports on employment (i.e. the number of workers), working-hours, and total worker-hours (i.e. employment times working-hours) in Japan.

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  • 24-October-2011

    English

    Agricultural Trade and Employment in South Africa

    Agriculture continues to create jobs in rural areas of South Africa, albeit mainly in low-wage occupations, and future trade liberalisation would increase employment in the agricultural sector, according to this study.

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  • 24-October-2011

    English

    Employment and the Political Economy of Trade: A Structured Review of the Literature

    This paper reviews the main schools of thought on the political economy of trade and employment - in particular, the potential costs of liberalisation and the manner that concerns about these costs may inhibit countries' willingness to open markets.

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  • 20-October-2011

    English

    Globalisation, Comparative Advantage and the Changing Dynamics of Trade

    The effects of globalisation have been at the forefront of public debate in recent years, fuelled on the one hand by the large benefits of integrated markets, and on the other hand, by the detrimental adjustment effects often experienced by many economies as a result.  Knowing how trade has been evolving over time and the role policy has played in this evolution are critical to understanding the globalisation debate and grasping the lessons for future policy development. The comparative advantage hypothesis has been suggested as one of the principal explanations of international trade and of the benefits associated with openness. It has also provided the intellectual underpinnings for most trade policy in the past 50 years. This book collects OECD work that builds on recent contributions to the theory and empirics of comparative advantage, putting particular emphasis on the role policy can play in shaping trade.

  • 19-October-2011

    English

    Wage Implications of Trade Liberalisation: Evidence for Effective Policy Formation

    Imports tend to bring wages up for skilled workers rather than push wages down, according to this study of the relationship between wages and trade in 55 countries and 40 industries. This positive effect is evidence of the increased productivity of firms who import inputs.

  • 12-October-2011

    English

    To What Extent Do Exchange Rates and their Volatility Affect Trade?

    Exchange rate levels affect trade flows in agriculture and in the manufacturing and mining sector in China, the Euro area and the United States, though they do not explain in their entirety the trade imbalances in these three economies, this paper finds.

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  • 6-October-2011

    English

    Comparative Advantage and Trade Performance: Policy Implications

    Physical and human capital (especially second- and third-level education), financial development and some aspects of labour market institutions are important policy and institutional areas that determine comparative advantage today, according to this paper.

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  • 4-octobre-2011

    Français

    L’OCDE et l’AIE recommandent de réformer des subventions aux combustibles fossiles pour améliorer l’état de l’économie et de l’environnement

    États et contribuables ont dépensé environ 500 milliards de dollars l’an dernier pour soutenir la production et la consommation de combustibles fossiles. La suppression des subventions inefficaces augmenterait les revenus nationaux et réduirait les émissions de gaz à effet de serre, selon l’OCDE et l’AIE.

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