Trade in counterfeit and pirated goods is a vital threat for modern, innovation-driven economies, a worldwide phenomenon that grows in scope and magnitude. Counterfeiters ship infringing products via complex routes, with many intermediary points, which poses a substantial challenge to efficient enforcement. This study looks at the issue of the complex routes of trade in counterfeit pirated goods. Using a set of statistical filters, it identifies key producing economies and key transit points. The analysis is done for ten main sectors for which counterfeiting is the key threat. The results will facilitate tailoring policy responses to strengthen governance frameworks to tackle this risk, depending on the profile of a given economy that is known as a source of counterfeit goods in international trade.
Current Trade in Value Added (TiVA) estimates have significant time lags. To address this issue and meet the high demand for more timely TiVA estimates, the OECD has developed a ‘now-casting’ approach to generate indicators for more recent periods.
La base de données STAN sur les échanges bilatéraux présente des valeurs d'exportations et d'importations de biens, exprimeés en dollars des É-U et ventilées par branche d'activité et type d'utilisation finale pour l'ensemble des pays de l'OCDE et un grand nombre d'économies non membres.
Newness in politics has a long and eventful history. Globalisation and the battle for and against are no exception, as the events of the late 18th century show.
This book synthesises recent work by the OECD analysing services trade policies and quantifying their impacts on imports and exports, the performance of manufacturing and services sectors, and how services trade restrictions influence the decisions and outcomes of firms engaged in international markets. Based on the OECD Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI) - a unique, evidence-based tool that provides snapshots of regulations affecting trade in services in 22 sectors across 44 countries (representing over 80% of global trade in services) - the analysis highlights the magnitude, nature and impact of the costs entailed by restrictive services trade policies. The new evidence uncovered is meant to inform trade policy makers and the private sector about the likely effects of unilateral or concerted regulatory reforms and help prioritise policy action.
Please consult oe.cd/stri for further information and access to the STRI interactive online tools.
L’amélioration des politiques commerciales en matière de services peut stimuler la croissance inclusive de l’économie en favorisant l’accès à l’information, aux compétences, à la technologie, aux financements et aux marchés, qui sont la clé du succès d’une économie mondiale où le numérique occupe une place grandissante, explique un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
L'activité économique devrait repartir modérément à la hausse au niveau mondial, mais il faut redoubler d'efforts pour faire en sorte que les fruits de la croissance et de la mondialisation soient plus largement partagés, selon les dernières Perspectives économiques de l'OCDE.
La croissance du commerce de marchandises du G20 s’accélère au premier trimestre de 2017
SMEs and entrepreneurs play a key role in national economies around the world, generating employment and income, contributing to innovation and knowledge diffusion, responding to new or niched demands and social needs, and enhancing social inclusion. However, SMEs are often more affected by business environment conditions and structural policies than larger firms.
This report presents comparative evidence on SME performance and trends, and on a broad range of policy areas and business environment conditions that are important for small businesses. The analysis takes into account the multi-dimensionality of SME policy objectives and the significant heterogeneity of the SME population, within and across countries. Data and indicators on framework conditions are complemented with information on recent policy trends in OECD countries. This publication addresses a growing demand by governments for tools to monitor the business environment for small and medium-sized enterprises, and benchmark the effectiveness of policies in creating appropriate conditions for them to flourish and grow.
This report provides an analysis of how climate change damages may affect international trade in the coming decades and how international trade can help limit the costs of climate change. It analyses the impacts of climate change on trade considering both direct effects on infrastructure and transport routes and the indirect economic impacts resulting from changes in endowments and production.