Publications & Documents


  • 7-May-2013

    English

    Trade Costs: What Have We Learned? A Synthesis Report

    Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain.

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  • 3-mai-2013

    Français

    Un accord sur la facilitation des échanges se traduirait par un gain de plusieurs milliards de dollars pour l’économie mondiale, selon l’OCDE

    Un accord multilatéral visant à alléger les formalités administratives du commerce international permettrait de réduire considérablement les coûts liés aux échanges et de stimuler sensiblement l’économie mondiale, selon une nouvelle étude de l’OCDE.

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  • 30-April-2013

    English

    International Regulatory Co-operation: Case Studies, Vol. 1 - Chemicals, Consumer Products, Tax and Competition

    The world is becoming increasingly global. This raises important challenges for regulatory processes which still largely emanate from domestic jurisdictions. In order to eliminate unnecessary regulatory divergences and to address the global challenges pertaining to systemic risks, the environment, and human health and safety, governments increasingly seek to better articulate regulations across borders and to ensure greater enforcement of rules. But, surprisingly, the gains that can be achieved through greater co-ordination of rules and their application across jurisdictions remain largely under-analysed.
     
    This volume complements the stocktaking report on International Regulatory Co-operation: Rules for a Global World by providing evidence on regulatory co-operation in four sectors: chemical safety, consumer product safety, model tax convention, and competition law enforcement. The four case studies follow the same outline to allow for comparison. 

  • 24-April-2013

    English

    Different Partners, Different Patterns: Trade and Labour Market Dynamics in Brazil's Post-Liberalisation Period

    The extent to which external exposure of the Brazilian economy has contributed to employment is evaluated. Total employment variation was decomposed using the Input-Output Matrix methodology for the years 2000-07 to identify the contribution of the final demand components. The volume of direct employment associated with exports was then estimated according to worker's skill level and the geographical composition of Brazilian exports.

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  • 24-avril-2013

    Français

    Conférence de presse de l’OCDE sur les échanges le 3 mai 2013 à Genève

    Des procédures et formalités commerciales complexes, dépassées et inefficaces empêchent les entreprises de profiter pleinement de l’ouverture des marchés mondiaux.

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  • 24-April-2013

    English

    International Regulatory Co-operation - Addressing Global Challenges

    The world is becoming increasingly global. This raises important challenges for regulatory processes which still largely emanate from domestic jurisdictions.   In order to eliminate unnecessary regulatory divergences and to address global challenges pertaining to systemic risks, the environment, and human health and safety, governments increasingly seek to better articulate regulations across borders and to ensure greater enforcement of rules and their application across jurisdictions.

    This report gathers in a synthetic manner the knowledge and evidence available to date on the various mechanisms available to governments to promote regulatory co-operation, and their benefits and challenges. The review of evidence confirms the increased internationalisation of regulation, which takes place through a wide variety of mechanisms and multiple actors, and highlights a shift in the nature of IRC from complete 'harmonisation' of regulation to more flexible options - such as mutual recognition agreements. Despite growing regulatory co-operation, however, decision making on IRC is not informed by a clear understanding of benefits costs and success factors of the diverse IRC options.

  • 19-avril-2013

    Français

    « Made in the world » : une nouvelle vision des échanges

    La nouvelle base de données sur les échanges en valeur ajoutée, développée par l’OCDE et l’OMC, améliore tant la manière de mesurer ce domaine que l’approche des décideurs politiques. Cette initiative renouvelle notre vision des échanges et les hisse parmi les priorités de la Présidence britannique du G8.

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  • 16-April-2013

    English

    The Role of Services for Competitiveness in Manufacturing

    What is the role of services in international merchandise trade, especially as new technology changes the way production is organised? This study analyses the relationship between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three primary indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade.

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  • 9-April-2013

    English

    Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

    To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

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  • 8-April-2013

    English

    State-Owned Enterprises: Trade Effects and Policy Implications

    With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper presents a conceptual discussion of how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.

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