A good produced in the European Union and exported to the United States may include raw materials from China, Australia, and Malaysia, and it may use services from Japan, Canada, and India. Goods and services are no longer produced in one country and sold to consumers in a second country; production is fragmented around the world and components are traded across borders multiple times.
Les chaînes de valeur mondiales (CVM) constituent un aspect essentiel de l’économie mondiale qui a des effets sur la croissance, l’emploi et le développement, mais il reste de nombreux défis à relever pour que tous les pays et toutes les entreprises aient la possibilité d’y participer et d'en bénéficier.
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Global Value Chains: Challenges, Opportunities, and Implications For Policy report to the G20 Trade Ministers Meeting in Sydney, Australia 19 July 2014.
The OECD Development Week (30 June, 1- 3 July 2014) is organised by the OECD Development Centre. High-level policy makers, representatives of the private sector, investors, civil society organisations, foundations and think tanks will gather at the OECD to look into current patterns of globalisation and explore more dynamic paths for inclusive and sustainable growth at global, regional and national levels.
Blog post by OECD TUAC, ETUC and AFL-CIO on why the transatlantic trade deal TTIP must work for the people, or it won’t work at all.
Guest post from EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht on the OECD Insights blog discussing the economic potential of a successful TTIP deal.
La base de données sur les échanges internationaux de services rassemble les statistiques sur les échanges internationaux de services au niveau le plus détaillé disponible de pays partenaires. Elle présente une ventilation par pays partenaires de toutes les catégories de services de la classification EBOPS, dans la limite de ce que les pays déclarants sont en mesure de fournir.
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State of implementation review for the OECD's Trade Facilitation Indicators from June 2014.
The African economy is undergoing diversification and becoming more integrated into the world economy. But whether the current pace of change is sufficient to achieve lasting structural transformation is another question.In order for GVCs to contribute positively to structural change, policy also needs to adapt.
Education and media services both provide services that embody local cultures, in which there is extensive public sector participation and significant domestic regulation. At the same time, they are dramatically affected by the information and communication technology revolution. The production of information content now involves huge costs in terms of research and development or artistic talent, while the cost of making such products available to other consumers is very low. This in turn challenges the effectiveness of domestic regulation and raises fundamental questions about its purpose, calling for an increased scope for international trade and investment, and the development of supply chains. This book provides readers with a comprehensive and consistent treatment of policy in the higher education and media services sector across a range of Asian economies little studied in the existing literature. It gives an overview of global trends in each area, followed by detailed, country-specific studies. Through comparative work, it identifies common elements across these sectors and highlights critical implications for trade policy.