In a globalised world, where goods cross borders many times as intermediate and as final products, trade facilitation is essential to lowering overall trade costs and increasing economic welfare, in particular for developing and emerging economies. Facilitation efforts undertaken by various countries around the world also show that the benefits of such measures clearly compensate the costs and challenges posed by their implementation.
This brochure is published within the framework of the Scheme for the Application of International Standards for Fruit and Vegetables established by the OECD in 1962. It comprises explanatory notes and illustrations to facilitate the uniform interpretation of the garlic Standard. This brochure describes and demonstrates the quality parameters of garlic, and is accompanied by high quality photographs. It is a valuable tool for inspection authorities, professional bodies, and traders interested in international trade in garlic.
This book synthesises recent work by the OECD analysing services trade policies and quantifying their impacts on imports and exports, the performance of manufacturing and services sectors, and how services trade restrictions influence the decisions and outcomes of firms engaged in international markets. Based on the OECD Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI) - a unique, evidence-based tool that provides snapshots of regulations affecting trade in services in 22 sectors across 44 countries (representing over 80% of global trade in services) - the analysis highlights the magnitude, nature and impact of the costs entailed by restrictive services trade policies. The new evidence uncovered is meant to inform trade policy makers and the private sector about the likely effects of unilateral or concerted regulatory reforms and help prioritise policy action.
Please consult oe.cd/stri for further information and access to the STRI interactive online tools.
La croissance du commerce de marchandises du G20 s’accélère au premier trimestre de 2017
SMEs and entrepreneurs play a key role in national economies around the world, generating employment and income, contributing to innovation and knowledge diffusion, responding to new or niched demands and social needs, and enhancing social inclusion. However, SMEs are often more affected by business environment conditions and structural policies than larger firms.
This report presents comparative evidence on SME performance and trends, and on a broad range of policy areas and business environment conditions that are important for small businesses. The analysis takes into account the multi-dimensionality of SME policy objectives and the significant heterogeneity of the SME population, within and across countries. Data and indicators on framework conditions are complemented with information on recent policy trends in OECD countries. This publication addresses a growing demand by governments for tools to monitor the business environment for small and medium-sized enterprises, and benchmark the effectiveness of policies in creating appropriate conditions for them to flourish and grow.
English, Excel, 694kb
This excel file contains all the historical interest rates used in the Export Credits. These include CIRR since 1983, ASU CIRR since 2007, RESU CIRR since 2009 and NSU CIRR since 2009 - version dated 4 May 2017.
Français, PDF, 478kb
Taux d'intérêt minimum à appliquer au soutien financier public pour des crédits à l'exportation dans les domaines couverts par les centrales nucléaires (Annexe II de l'Arrangement)
Français, PDF, 371kb
Taux d'intérêt minimum à appliquer au soutien financier public pour des crédits à l'exportation dans les domaines couverts par les énergies renouvelables, de l’atténuation et l'adaptation du changement climatique et les ressources en eau (Annexe IV de l'Arrangement)
Français, PDF, 344kb
Les taux d'intérêt commerciaux de référence pour les aéronefs civils applicables à compter du 15 mai jusqu'au 14 juin 2017 viennent de paraître.
Français, Excel, 357kb
Les taux d'intérêt commerciaux de référence applicables à compter du 15 mai jusqu'au 14 juin 2017 viennent de paraître.