Trade promotes economic growth, alleviates poverty and helps countries reach their development goals. However, developing countries – in particular the least developed – face difficulties in making trade happen and turning trade into economic growth. The Aid for Trade Initiative – launched at the 2005 World Trade Organisation conference in Hong Kong – aims at helping these countries to take advantage of trade opportunities and to
"The ability of the participants to design, negotiate and conclude such a thorough, market-driven agreement in less than a year is remarkable. It is testimony to the power of the multilateral cooperation that continues to drive OECD work 50 years after its creation.", M. Gurría declared.
Le G20 a aidé le monde à traverser la tempête économique. Il doit désormais se montrer capable de mettre en œuvre une nouvelle gouvernance dans le monde d’après la crise. Dans cette tâche, notre Organisation est prête à aider, déclare Gabriela Ramos, sherpa de l’OCDE au G20.
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is an important policy for the European Union and accounts for about 40% of the EU budget. Ever since its inception in 1958, the CAP has been regularly reviewed and adjusted to improve its performance and adapt to changing circumstances. At a time when the post-2013 future of the CAP is being discussed and major challenges such as food security and climate change lay ahead, it is important to
Surging food and commodity prices are undermining efforts to tackle global poverty and hunger and threaten economic growth, said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
Export restrictions on raw materials are applied to achieve a number of policy objectives. However, they can have a significant and negative impact on the efficient allocation of resources, international trade, and the competitiveness and development of industries in both exporting and importing countries.
By diverting exports to domestic markets, export restrictions raise prices for foreign consumers and importers. At the
Le Sommet du G20 à Séoul, les 11-12 Novembre 2010, a prolongé les discussions des précédents Sommets sur des thèmes clés tels que - le développement, le commerce mondial, une croissance équilibrée, la réforme du secteur financier, l'emploi et les politiques sociales, la fiscalité et la lutte contre la corruption.
Approches communes concernant l'environnement et les credits à l'exportation beneficiant d'un soutien public
Open markets will be necessary for a sustained economic recovery, so governments must continue to resist protectionist pressures, says this report on trade policy responses to the economic crisis.
The dramatic collapse in world trade in 2009 is, this report shows, mainly due to: the drop in demand for highly traded products; the drying up of trade finance; and the vertically integrated nature of global supply chains. Contrary to expectations, protectionist measures were relatively muted and did not play a significant part. In fact, because of their sheer size, stimulus measures may have had more impact on trade than direct