By Date


  • 8-February-2011

    English

    Disaggregated Impacts of CAP Reforms - Proceedings of an OECD Workshop

    The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is an important policy for the European Union and accounts for about 40% of the EU budget. Ever since its inception in 1958, the CAP has been regularly reviewed and adjusted to improve its performance and adapt to changing circumstances. At a time when the post-2013 future of the CAP is being discussed and major challenges such as food security and climate change lay ahead, it is important to review the impact of past reforms and to draw lessons for the design of future policies.

    While the studies in these proceedings often take account of national and international market effects of agricultural policies, they tend to focus on the impact of policies on farms and at the regional and local levels. Today, the European Union is composed of very diverse regions that are affected very differently by any given farm policy, depending on the structural characteristics of the farms’ and regions’ economies.

    This report collects papers presented at the OECD Workshop on Disaggregated Impacts of CAP Reforms, held in Paris in March 2010, which focused on recent reforms. In particular, it examined the implementation of the single payment scheme since 2005 and the transfer of funds between different measures. Special attention was also paid to reforms of the sugar and dairy sectors with respect to the quota system and the restructuring of both these industries. The papers also look at the impact of the new direct payment system on land use, production and income.

  • 25-January-2011

    English

    Food prices: tackle volatility with better functioning markets, says OECD’s Gurría

    Surging food and commodity prices are undermining efforts to tackle global poverty and hunger and threaten economic growth, said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.

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  • 17-November-2010

    English

    The Economic Impact of Export Restrictions on Raw Materials

    Export restrictions on raw materials are applied to achieve a number of policy objectives. However, they can have a significant and negative impact on the efficient allocation of resources, international trade, and the competitiveness and development of industries in both exporting and importing countries.  

    By diverting exports to domestic markets, export restrictions raise prices for foreign consumers and importers. At the same time, by reducing domestic prices in the applying countries and increasing global uncertainty concerning future prices, export restrictions negatively affect investment, thus potentially reducing the overall supply of raw materials in the long term. In view of existing alternative policy tools that have a different impact on trade, the effectiveness of export restrictions to achieve stated policy objectives should be carefully reviewed.  

    This publication presents a selection of papers discussed at the OECD Workshop on Raw Materials, held in Paris in October 2009. This workshop was organised in response to the growing concern on the use of export restrictions on raw materials, particularly by emerging economies.

  • 11-novembre-2010

    Français

    L'OCDE et le Sommet du G20 à Séoul en 2010

    Le Sommet du G20 à Séoul, les 11-12 Novembre 2010, a prolongé les discussions des précédents Sommets sur des thèmes clés tels que - le développement, le commerce mondial, une croissance équilibrée, la réforme du secteur financier, l'emploi et les politiques sociales, la fiscalité et la lutte contre la corruption.

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  • 9-September-2010

    English

    Trade and Economic Effects of Responses to the Economic Crisis

    Open markets will be necessary for a sustained economic recovery, so governments must continue to resist protectionist pressures, says this report on trade policy responses to the economic crisis.

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  • 26-August-2010

    English

    Trade and Economic Effects of Responses to the Economic Crisis

    The dramatic collapse in world trade in 2009 is, this report shows, mainly due to: the drop in demand for highly traded products; the drying up of trade finance; and the vertically integrated nature of global supply chains. Contrary to expectations, protectionist measures were relatively muted and did not play a significant part. In fact, because of their sheer size, stimulus measures may have had more impact on trade than direct trade policy measures Nevertheless, dollar for dollar, direct trade restricting measures have the most strongly negative impacts on growth and employment: a one dollar increase in tariff revenues results in a USD 2.16 drop in world exports and a USD 0.73 drop in world income. 

    The analyses presented here suggest that exit strategies from measures to deal with the crisis will be most effective in boosting growth and jobs if they first roll back measures that discriminate between domestic and foreign firms and those that target specific sectors. General demand stimulus measures and active labour market policies are preferable under current conditions. 

  • 16-août-2010

    Français

    Principes de l'OCDE applicables en matière de prix de transfert à l'intention des entreprises multinationales et des administrations fiscales 2010

    Les Principes de l’OCDE applicables en matière de prix de transfert fournissent des lignes directrices pour l’application du « principe de pleine concurrence ». Ce principe est le consensus international en matière de prix de transfert, c’est-à-dire pour la valorisation, aux fins fiscales, des transactions internationales entre entreprises associées. Dans une économie globale où les entreprises multinationales (EMN) jouent un rôle essentiel, les prix de transfert sont un sujet prioritaire pour les administrations fiscales comme pour les contribuables. Les gouvernements doivent s’assurer que les profits imposables des EMN ne sont pas transférés artificiellement hors de leurs juridictions et que les bases fiscales déclarées par les EMN dans leurs pays respectifs reflètent l’activité économique qui y est entreprise. Pour les contribuables, il est essentiel de limiter les risques de double imposition économique qui peuvent résulter d’un différend entre deux pays sur la détermination d’une rémunération de pleine concurrence pour leurs transactions internationales avec des entreprises associées.

    Les Principes de l’OCDE applicables en matière de prix de transfert ont été approuvés par le Conseil de l’OCDE dans leur version originale en 1995. Une mise à jour limitée a été effectuée en 2009, principalement pour refléter l’adoption, dans la mise à jour 2008 du Modèle de convention fiscale, d’un nouveau paragraphe 5 de l’article 25 traitant de l’arbitrage, ainsi que de changements apportés au Commentaire de l’article 25 sur les procédures amiables pour résoudre les différends fiscaux internationaux. Dans la version 2010, les chapitres I à III ont été substantiellement révisés, avec de nouvelles indications sur la sélection de la méthode de prix de transfert la plus appropriée aux circonstances d’un cas d’espèce, sur l’application pratique des méthodes transactionnelles fondées sur les bénéfices (méthode transactionnelle de marge nette et méthode du partage des bénéfices) et sur la manière d’effectuer une analyse de comparabilité. De plus, un nouveau chapitre IX sur les aspects prix de transfert des réorganisations d’entreprises a été ajouté. Des modifications de conformité ont été effectuées dans le reste des Principes.

  • 4-August-2010

    English

    Slovenia - Websites on Trade

    Links to trade-related websites for Slovenia

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  • 27-July-2010

    English

    Statistical Databases: OECD Structural Analysis Statistics (STAN) Online Database

    Description of OECD Structural Analysis Statistics Online Database.

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  • 18-July-2010

    English

    Aid for Trade in Action

    In July 2010 the OECD and WTO issued a call for case stories on aid for trade. Over 300 stories from 150 countries (almost have from developing countries)worldwide provide a rich and varied source of information on the results of aid for trade activities - an indication of the progress achieved by the Aid-for-Trade Initiative. Consult the publication online and consult the case stories on www.aid4trade.org

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