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Ces cinquante dernières années, le développement du commerce dans le monde a transformé l’économie mondiale. Grâce à l'ouverture des échanges, les économies ont pu profiter des avantages procurés par la spécialisation de leurs activités et se concentrer de façon plus productive sur ce qu'elles font de mieux, dans les secteurs où elles détiennent des avantages comparatifs.
Les gouvernements qui favorisent l’ouverture des marchés et résistent au protectionnisme ont toutes les chances de stimuler une croissance économique inclusive et de créer de emplois de valeur, indique une nouvelle étude présentée à Paris sous l’égide de 10 organisations internationales.
Launched and co-ordinated by the OECD, the International Collaborative Initiative on Trade and Employment (ICITE) is a two-year old joint undertaking of ten international organisations. Under ICITE, a broad research agenda focusing on the interaction between trade and employment has been implemented. This book brings together some of the results of that research.
Opening with an overview chapter from the OECD, the book continues with papers covering 1)trade, wages and employment, 2) trade and services, 3) trade and working conditions, and 4) regional trade perspectives.
What incentives do our partners have to open their markets to our businesses when their own businesses have full access to ours? EU commissioners Karel De Gucht and Michel Barnier give the example of the European Union's new public procurement instrument.
Boosting trade is one of the surest drivers of sustainable growth, explains Ian Wood, Deputy Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom to the OECD, in this OECD Insights blog post.
Les entreprises utilisent de plus en plus des chaînes logistiques couvrant plusieurs pays pour produire des biens et des services.
This publication provides preliminary, quantitative estimates of direct budgetary support and tax expenditures supporting the production or consumption of fossil fuels in selected OECD member countries. The information has been compiled as part of the OECD’s programme of work to develop a better understanding of environmentally harmful subsidies (EHS). It has been undertaken as an exercise in transparency, and to inform the international dialogue on fossil-fuel subsidy reform. It is also intended to inform the ongoing efforts of G20 nations to reform fossil-fuel subsidies.
For each of the 24 OECD countries covered, the Inventory provides a succinct summary of its energy economy, and of the budgetary and tax-related measures provided at the central-government level (and, in the case of federal countries, for selected sub-national units of government) relating to fossil-fuel production or consumption.
Many measures listed in this inventory are relative preferences within a particular country’s tax system rather than absolute support that can be readily compared across countries, and for that reason no national totals are provided.
Trade is essential to global economic recovery, says Professor Jagdish Bhagwati in this interview with OECD. He also challenges the fear that trade 'takes' jobs from developed countries, pointing out that firms from developing countries are now creating jobs in richer economies.
OECD papers on trade and environment, free to access and download, on how trade affects the environment and how environmental concerns affect trade, covering a wide range of issues and countries.
"At the end of the day, this is what the G20 is about: its “raison d’être” is to show leadership and equip the global economy with an efficient framework for policy coordination. And trade in raw materials and in food commodities should be no exception to this.", said M. Gurría.