By Date


  • 14-May-2013

    English

    Global Production Networks and Employment: A Developing Country Perspective

    International firms in developing economies tend to employ more workers and pay higher wages than firms dealing exclusively with the domestic market, according to this paper demonstrating the links between global value chains (GVCs)and labour market outcomes. Engagement in international activities provides greater opportunities for women to enter the formal employment market.

  • 14-May-2013

    English

    Global Value Chains and Developing Country Employment: A Literature Review

    How do global value chains (GVCs) impact employment markets in developing countries? This paper reviews the literature on the subject, focusing on the labour market impacts of three processes that lie at the core of GVC development: importing, exporting, and foreign direct investment (FDI). Two case studies are presented

  • 7-May-2013

    English

    Trade Costs: What Have We Learned? A Synthesis Report

    Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain.

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  • 3-mai-2013

    Français

    Un accord sur la facilitation des échanges se traduirait par un gain de plusieurs milliards de dollars pour l’économie mondiale, selon l’OCDE

    Un accord multilatéral visant à alléger les formalités administratives du commerce international permettrait de réduire considérablement les coûts liés aux échanges et de stimuler sensiblement l’économie mondiale, selon une nouvelle étude de l’OCDE.

    Also Available
  • 24-April-2013

    English

    Different Partners, Different Patterns: Trade and Labour Market Dynamics in Brazil's Post-Liberalisation Period

    The extent to which external exposure of the Brazilian economy has contributed to employment is evaluated. Total employment variation was decomposed using the Input-Output Matrix methodology for the years 2000-07 to identify the contribution of the final demand components. The volume of direct employment associated with exports was then estimated according to worker's skill level and the geographical composition of Brazilian exports.

  • 24-avril-2013

    Français

    Conférence de presse de l’OCDE sur les échanges le 3 mai 2013 à Genève

    Des procédures et formalités commerciales complexes, dépassées et inefficaces empêchent les entreprises de profiter pleinement de l’ouverture des marchés mondiaux.

    Also Available
  • 19-avril-2013

    Français

    « Made in the world » : une nouvelle vision des échanges

    La nouvelle base de données sur les échanges en valeur ajoutée, développée par l’OCDE et l’OMC, améliore tant la manière de mesurer ce domaine que l’approche des décideurs politiques. Cette initiative renouvelle notre vision des échanges et les hisse parmi les priorités de la Présidence britannique du G8.

    Also Available
  • 16-April-2013

    English

    The Role of Services for Competitiveness in Manufacturing

    What is the role of services in international merchandise trade, especially as new technology changes the way production is organised? This study analyses the relationship between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three primary indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade.

  • 9-April-2013

    English

    Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

    To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

  • 8-April-2013

    English

    State-Owned Enterprises: Trade Effects and Policy Implications

    With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper presents a conceptual discussion of how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.

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