This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.
Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.
Plusieurs études font état d’un effet négatif très prononcé des frontières nationales sur le volume des échanges. Nous livrons de nouvelles estimations de l’effet frontière en Europe continentale en utilisant les distances routières au lieu des distances orthodromiques – c’est-à-dire « à vol d’oiseau ».
Depuis son lancement en 2005, l'Initiative Aide pour le commerce contribue à améliorer l'articulation entre commerce, croissance économique et développement.
The 2013 report Aid for Trade at a Glance: Connecting to Value Chains analyses the strategies, priorities, and programmes from the public and private sectors in developing and developed countries to connect developing country suppliers to value chains. The publication was launched at the 8-10 July 4th Global Review of Aid for Trade at WTO in Geneva and can be read on OECD iLibrary.
On the occasion of the 4th Global Review of Aid for Trade, the OECD and the WTO, in collaboration with GrowAfrica; the International Chamber of Commerce; the International Trade Center; the International Telecommunications Union; and the United Nations World Tourism Organization, conducted a survey among the private sector to identify the barriers that suppliers in developing countries face in connecting to value chains.
To better integrate their economies into Global Value Chains, governments need a fine-tuned understanding of their dynamics and policies, and we have made considerable progress on this front. For example, we have learned that success in international markets depends as much on the capacity to import high-quality inputs as on the capacity to export: intermediate inputs account for over 2/3 of the goods and 70% of the services we trade.
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Ce partenariat, s’il se concrétise, serait le plus important accord de libre-échangejamais conclu au plan bilatéral, couvrant approximativement 50 % de la production mondiale, près de 30 % des échanges mondiaux de marchandises et 20 % de l’investissement direct étranger mondial.
Globalisation is largely about participation in global value chains. But making the most of globalisation and successfully integrating these value-chains requires that enterprises enhance their competitiveness and raise their productivity, said Angel Gurría
We need to work more on the growing importance of services and accompanying policies to ensure inclusive growth. Efficient services regulations are a key for increasing productivity not just in the services sectors themselves, but also in the manufacturing sectors, said Angel Gurría.