This book synthesises recent work by the OECD analysing services trade policies and quantifying their impacts on imports and exports, the performance of manufacturing and services sectors, and how services trade restrictions influence the decisions and outcomes of firms engaged in international markets. Based on the OECD Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI) - a unique, evidence-based tool that provides snapshots of regulations affecting trade in services in 22 sectors across 44 countries (representing over 80% of global trade in services) - the analysis highlights the magnitude, nature and impact of the costs entailed by restrictive services trade policies. The new evidence uncovered is meant to inform trade policy makers and the private sector about the likely effects of unilateral or concerted regulatory reforms and help prioritise policy action.
Please consult oe.cd/stri for further information and access to the STRI interactive online tools.
This brochure is published within the framework of the Scheme for the Application of International Standards for Fruit and Vegetables established by the OECD in 1962. It comprises explanatory notes and illustrations to facilitate the uniform interpretation of the garlic Standard. This brochure describes and demonstrates the quality parameters of garlic, and is accompanied by high quality photographs. It is a valuable tool for inspection authorities, professional bodies, and traders interested in international trade in garlic.
Le Secrétaire général de l'OCDE, M. Angel Gurría, a mis l’accent aujourd’hui sur la détermination de l'Organisation à aider les gouvernements à mieux faire face aux conséquences négatives de la mondialisation, tout en préservant les avantages de l'ouverture des économies et des sociétés à l'échelle mondiale.
India’s economy continues to grow at an impressive rate, with projected annual GDP growth of 7.5% in 2017-18. India will thus remain the fastest-growing G20 economy. Unprecedented growth in exports in services since the 1990s has made India a global leader in this sector. Inflows of foreign direct investment (FDI) grew at three times the annual world average rate in the last decade, reflecting the success of efforts to attract international investment and gradually loosen restrictions to foreign investment. India’s economic successes are being translated into increased well-being for its population. As GDP per capita has more than doubled in ten years, extreme poverty has declined substantially. Access to education has steadily improved, and life expectancy has risen. Multiple opportunities present themselves for India, and the right mix of policies is needed to take advantage of them. India has made advances in integrating in global value chains and developing a competitive advantage in fields such as information and communication technology. Now is the time to secure continued progress by boosting competition and further lowering barriers to trade and investment. Looking to the future, it will be vital to fully tap into the potential offered by India´s young population. This means investing in the large numbers of young people entering the labour market. Likewise, the rapid pace of development must be matched with the upgrades to infrastructure necessary to support it.
I would like to thank Minister Ulla Tornes and Permanent Secretary Ulrik Vestergaard Knudsen for hosting us; and I would also like to highlight the leadership of Klavs Holm the Danish Ambassador to the OECD in setting up such an ambitious agenda. Last but not least, let me welcome representatives of the MCM co-Chairs, Australia and the United Kingdom and, of course, BIAC and TUAC.
It is a pleasure to be with you in Copenhagen. This conference fits neatly with the reflection which Denmark has been leading as Chair of the 2017 OECD Ministerial Council Meeting, whose theme is making globalisation work for all.
Les classifications de risque pays établies par les Participants à l'Arrangement sur des crédits à l'exportation bénéficiant d’un soutien public ("l’Arrangement") sont la pierre angulaire des règles de l’Arrangement sur les taux de prime minimums pour le risque de crédit. Ces classifications sont établies dans le seul but de fixer les taux de primes minimums applicables pour les opérations soutenues conformément à l’Arrangement.
Règles sur Primes minimum pour les crédits à l'exportation bénéficiant d'un soutien public en novembre 2016 implémenté en 2017
The OECD Secretary-General spoke to the Economic Club of Minnesota about what must be done to make the trade system that has benefited so many work for everyone.
Evolution des règles sur Primes minimum pour les crédits à l'exportation bénéficiant d'un soutien public depuis 1997