Many of the recent concerns about food security relate to perceived threats to current levels of food security, such as those due to price shocks or natural disasters. These threats concern the risk of food insecurity. This publication develops a risk-management tool to examine the robustness of policy responses to managing risks and uncertainty across a variety of different threats to food security, and applies the framework to an Indonesia case study.
Five risk scenarios were selected as major threats to food security in Indonesia, following a consultation process among stakeholders and policy makers, and assessed in terms of existing and alternative agricultural and social policies. The risk assessment shows that domestic economic and natural disaster scenarios are more important than global price hikes and that a policy strategy that concentrates on addressing a single source of risk, such as a price spike in international markets, may increase vulnerability to other sources of risk such as domestic crop failure. The analysis yields a number of specific policy recommendations, including targeting of social assistance programme using food vouchers or cash transfers.
This book brings together a collection of papers prepared for the Global Forum on Agriculture that took place at the OECD in December 2014. It reviews current knowledge about agricultural policy and agricultural trade policy settings, and questions its pertinence in light of the profound market and structural changes that have been taking place in the global agro-food sector in recent decades. It aims to inform and assist policy-makers and negotiators as they seek to overcome the problems that have made the agricultural pillar of the Doha Agenda trade negotiations particularly difficult. The data and analysis presented cover OECD countries and major G20 and emerging economies that account for the great bulk of global food production, consumption and trade.
English, PDF, 436kb
Over the past years, Indonesia has implemented a number of trade and investment measures to develop local industries and move its firms up the value chain, but these measures have raised concerns in many of its trading partners.
Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.
Comme le confirment les dernières prévisions économiques mondiales de l’OCDE, les échanges mondiaux connaissent aujourd’hui une stagnation. Il apparaît d’autant plus nécessaire pour les négociateurs à l’OMC de parvenir à un accord sur le commerce pour donner une impulsion indispensable aux échanges mondiaux et à l’économie en général. L’échéance est proche.
International trade data show seasonally adjusted imports, exports and trade balance data in Billions $US for OECD countries and major non-member economies. Imports consist of: (i) imports for direct domestic consumption; (ii) withdraw. The series are updated continuously.
Ce rapport examine les interventions sur le marché prises dans dix grandes économies émergentes face à la hausse des cours internationaux des produits de base en 2006-08 ; les répercussions de ces mesures ; leur efficacité au regard des résultats visés et les conclusions pour l’action publique.
A report on how growth in demand for agricultural products has evolved in developing and emerging economies, notably Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia and China (the so-called BRIIC countries).
Français, , 701kb
La déclaration du Millénaire fixe 2015 comme date cible pour réduire de moitié le nombre de personnes vivant dans une extrême pauvreté. Ce document examine le rôle du secteur agricole et les caractéristiques communes à 25 pays ayant remarquablement réussi à lutter contre l’extrême pauvreté.
The Aid for Trade at a Glance 2009: Maintaining Momentum report presents the results of the second monitoring exercise of the Aid for Trade Initiative and documents its success so far.