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Reports


  • 18-juillet-2019

    Français

    Examen des systèmes de protection sociale - Un guide pratique

    Les effets positifs de la protection sociale sur la réduction de la pauvreté et des inégalités, ainsi que sa contribution au développement, sont largement reconnus. La mise en place d’un système intégré facilite l’offre d’un socle de protection sociale, grâce auquel les individus bénéficient d’une protection adéquate tout au long de leur cycle de vie. Pour ce faire, il s’agit non seulement de veiller à l’existence d’un éventail suffisant de programmes pour couvrir le profil de risque d’une population, mais aussi de partager les informations sur différents individus afin de s’assurer de leur rattachement au programme adéquat. L’Examen des systèmes de protection sociale compte parmi les quelques outils permettant d’analyser l’efficacité d’un pays dans la mise en place d’un système de protection sociale répondant aux besoins – tant actuels qu’à venir – de sa population. Cette boîte à outils présente différentes méthodologies pouvant être mises en œuvre quels que soient le pays, le niveau de revenu ou l’institution. Elle s’attache à proposer des recommandations stratégiques exploitables au niveau des systèmes nationaux.
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  • 17-July-2019

    English

    Linking Indigenous Communities with Regional Development

    The 38 million Indigenous peoples living across 12 OECD countries contribute to stronger regional and national economies, and have unique assets and knowledge that address global challenges such as climate change. Supporting their economic inclusion at local and regional levels is essential to achieving the promise of the Sustainable Development Goals to 'leave no-one behind' and overcoming the significant gaps in well-being that continue to exist between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations, notably in rural areas. This report provides recommendations to achieve vibrant local and regional Indigenous economies that deliver on their objectives for development by: improving Indigenous statistics and data governance; enabling policies for entrepreneurship and small business; providing instruments to mobilise land for development; and implementing effective and inclusive governance to support a place-based approach.
  • 16-July-2019

    English

    Blended Finance in the Least Developed Countries 2019

    The world’s 47 least developed countries (LDCs) are among those most at risk of being left behind. While official development assistance and domestic public resources remain essential for their development prospects, they alone will not be sufficient to meet the Sustainable Development Goals. With the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, the international community acknowledged the need for significant additional public and private finance, and development partners are increasingly focusing on blended approaches. What are the trends in blended finance for LDCs? What can it achieve and how? The OECD and UNCDF are working together to shed new light on these issues. Building on a 2018 publication, this edition presents the latest data available on private finance mobilised in developing countries by official development finance, extending the previous analysis to cover 2016 and 2017 as well as longer-term trends from 2012 to 2017. It discusses the most recent international policy trends shaping the blended finance market, and what these might mean for LDCs. Stakeholders and practitioners also share their views on the challenges and opportunities in designing and implementing blended finance operations in LDCs.
  • 12-July-2019

    English

    Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development 2019 - Empowering People and Ensuring Inclusiveness and Equality

    SDG target 17.14 calls on all countries to 'enhance policy coherence for sustainable development' as a key means of implementation. According to countries’ Voluntary National Reviews, this presents a major challenge. It requires meaningful collaboration and co-ordinated action across both policy sectors and different levels of government. It also requires balancing short-term priorities with long-term sustainability objectives and taking into account the impact of domestic policies on global well-being outcomes. The 2019 edition of Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development looks at countries’ efforts to meet this challenge and identifies opportunities for accelerating progress. The third in a series, it shows how integrated and coherent policies, supported by strong institutional and governance mechanisms, can contribute to empowering people and ensuring inclusiveness and equality.
  • 10-July-2019

    English

    Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India 2019 – Update - Responding to Environmental Hazards in Cities

    The Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India is a bi-annual publication on regional economic growth, development and regional integration in Emerging Asia. It focuses on the economic conditions of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. It also addresses relevant economic issues in China and India to fully reflect economic developments in the region.The update of the Outlook comprises three main parts, each highlighting a particular dimension of recent economic developments in the region. The first part presents the regional economic monitor, depicting the economic outlook and macroeconomic challenges in the region. The second and third parts consist of special thematic chapters addressing a major issue facing the region. This update focuses on smart cities, discussing in particular smart city strategies and urban environmental risks.
  • 5-July-2019

    English

    The Space Economy in Figures - How Space Contributes to the Global Economy

    The space economy is expanding and becoming increasingly global, driven by the development of ever-more governmental space programmes around the world, the multiplication of commercial actors in value chains, durable digitalisation trends, and new space systems coming of age. This report describes these emerging trends using new and internationally comparable data and indicators. It highlights the growing importance of space activities for the economy, for developing country strategies (based on original official development assistance statistics), for the pursuit of knowledge and scientific discoveries, and for society in general. To get the most out of space investments and promote sustained socio-economic growth, this report provides some recommendations to countries in building up their statistical evidence on space actors and activities.
  • 25-June-2019

    English

    Multi-dimensional Review of Thailand - Volume 3: From Analysis to Action

    Thailand is a fast emerging country that aspires to become a high-income economy by 2037. Strong growth has enabled the country to join the group of upper-middle-income economies in the early 2010s and to perform well in many areas. At the same time, the benefits of prosperity have not been shared evenly nationwide and the economic development has taken a toll on the environment. Moving forward, Thailand needs to master three transitions to build capabilities and sustain faster but also more inclusive economic growth: enabling further growth by unlocking the full potential of all Thailand’s regions; developing more effective methods of organisation and collaboration between actors and levels of government; managing water security and disaster risk. Based on the previous volume’s in-depth analysis and policy recommendations, this report suggests a set of actions to support these transitions. The actions focus on the North of Thailand, one of the most diverse and yet poorest regions of the country.
  • 25-June-2019

    English

    Lives in Crises - What Do People Tell Us About the Humanitarian Aid They Receive?

    In May 2016, the World Humanitarian Summit represented a turning point for humanitarian policies. The Summit gave the impetus to seriously reflect on how to operate in environments where people’s needs don’t coincide anymore with existing mandates and sectors. The OECD believes that an effective humanitarian response is the one that addresses affected people’s needs in a timely and efficient manner. One way to measure effectiveness is to ask aid beneficiaries what they think about the aid they get. With this is mind, the OECD initiated a first round of surveys during the cycle 2016-2017 in six countries affected by different type of crisis : Lebanon, Afghanistan, Haiti, Iraq, Somalia and Uganda. Two years after the World humanitarian Summit, the OECD and Ground Truth Solutions took another round of surveys in the same countries, plus Bangladesh. The purpose of this second round of surveys is to assess whether the commitments made at the World Humanitarian Summit, including the Grand Bargain, are having a tangible impact on people’s lives in the most difficult contexts in the world. This paper provides some answers to this question.
  • 20-June-2019

    English

    Applying the OECD Principles on Water Governance to Floods - A Checklist for Action

    This report uses the OECD Principles on Water Governance as a tool for multi-stakeholder policy dialogue and practical assessment of the performance of flood governance systems. It applies the Principles to flood-prone contexts to help strengthen governance frameworks for managing the risks of 'too much' water. By 2050, 1.6 billion people will be at risk of flooding, affecting nearly 20% of the world’s population at an increasing rate and many times over with dire social, economic and environmental consequences. In this report, a checklist is proposed as a self-assessment tool for stakeholders in flood management, based on lessons learned from 27 case studies that feature practical experiences and highlight common features and key challenges in flood governance.
  • 15-juin-2019

    Français

    Réussir la décentralisation - Manuel à l’intention des décideurs

    Ce rapport traite des tendances actuelles des politiques de décentralisation des pays de l’OCDE et au-delà, et de la marche à suivre pour réussir la décentralisation. Parfois qualifiée de révolution « silencieuse » ou « discrète », la décentralisation compte parmi les réformes les plus importantes de ces cinquante dernières années. Les résultats que la décentralisation produit – en termes de démocratie, d’efficience, de transparence, de développement régional et local – dépendent pour une large part de la manière dont la décentralisation est pensée et mise en œuvre. Il est d’autant plus crucial de mettre autant que possible les avantages de la décentralisation au service du développement régional qu’il existe actuellement une « géographie du mécontentement » et une fracture grandissante entre les territoires qui se sentent les laissés pour compte de la mondialisation et des évolutions technologiques, et ceux qui peuvent profiter des possibilités offertes par les opportunités liées à la mondialisation. Ce rapport livre 10 principes directeurs pour une décentralisation efficace et propice au développement régional. Outre ces principes, il propose des outils pratiques à l’intention des décideurs, dont des ensembles de recommandations détaillées, des outils d'auto-évaluation, des indications sur les écueils à éviter et des exemples de bonnes pratiques, dans les pays à structure unitaire et fédérale.
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