The recent effects of immigration on the Argentine economy appear to be limited but positive. On average, immigration is not associated with job losses or income declines for the population born in Argentina. High-skilled immigration is on the contrary even associated with rising labour incomes among university graduates and female low-skilled immigration is associated with a higher labour-force participation of low-skilled native-born women. The estimated contribution of immigrants to value added is below their labour force participation share but above their population share. The estimated contribution of immigrants to public finance in 2013 was small. Additional migration and non-migration policies and better co-ordination between various policy areas could further improve the integration and economic contributions of immigrants.
How Immigrants Contribute to Argentina’s Economy is the result of a project carried out by the OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization, with support from the European Union. The project aimed to analyse several economic impacts – on the labour market, economic growth, and public finance – of immigration in ten partner countries: Argentina, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, Ghana, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Rwanda, South Africa and Thailand. The empirical evidence stems from a combination of quantitative and qualitative analyses of secondary and in some cases primary data sources.
In a globalised world, where goods cross borders many times as intermediate and as final products, trade facilitation is essential to lowering overall trade costs and increasing economic welfare, in particular for developing and emerging economies. Facilitation efforts undertaken by various countries around the world also show that the benefits of such measures clearly compensate the costs and challenges posed by their implementation.
This annual publication provides comprehensive data on the volume, origin and types of aid and other resource flows to around 150 developing countries. The data show each country's receipts of official development assistance as well as other official and private funds from members of the Development Assistance Committee of the OECD, multilateral agencies and other key donors. Key development indicators are given for reference.
Ce rapport est une première étape vers la construction d’une analyse plus qualitative de la manière dont les activités illicites ou criminelles interagissent avec l'économie, la sécurité et le développement des États de la région de l'Afrique de l'Ouest. L’analyse traditionnelle des flux financiers illicites met généralement l'accent sur l'ampleur des flux monétaires. Ce rapport vise à dépasser cette approche en examinant la nature de treize économies illicites ou criminelles, qui sont souvent liées quand elles ne se renforcent pas mutuellement, avec pour objectif d'identifier les flux financiers et les impacts sur le développement qui en résultent. En adoptant cette approche, le rapport identifie les réseaux et les facteurs qui permettent à ces économies criminelles de prospérer, et met l'accent sur les acteurs et les incitations qui les sous-tendent. En conclusion de ce travail, le rapport propose une série de considérations politiques pour aider les pays à hiérarchiser et à cibler leurs réponses afin de réduire les impacts sur le développement des flux financiers illicites. Pour aborder la question des flux financiers illicites, il faut prendre en compte les défis sous-jacents liés au développement et s'attaquer au problème dans sa globalité dans les pays d'origine, de transit et de destination.
The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.
The global community has spoken loud and clear: more resources must be mobilised to end extreme poverty and mitigate the effects of climate change. Blended finance - an approach to mix different forms of capital in support of development - is emerging as an important solution to help raise resources for the Sustainable Development Goals in developing countries. But scaling up blended finance without a good understanding of its risks could have unintended consequences for development co-operation providers. This report presents a comprehensive assessment of the state and priorities for blended finance as it is being used to support sustainable development in developing countries. It describes concepts and definitions, presents an overview of actors and instruments, and discusses lessons learned from blending approaches, tracking and data, and monitoring and evaluation. Its findings and recommendations are useful for policy makers and practitioners.
"Blended finance will contribute to faster economic growth, but to achieve this it is vital to get donors into alignment."
Martin Wolf, Chief Economics Commentator, Financial Times
"Official development assistance continues to be a key way to finance efforts aimed at eradicating extreme poverty. However, the challenge is more than governments alone can manage. We must all think, work, finance and deliver development differently to mobilize private-sector resources and expertise to help the world’s poorest and most vulnerable people. Canada continues to promote innovative approaches to finance development and achieve sustainable growth for everyone."
The Honourable Marie-Claude Bibeau, Canada's Minister of International Development and La Francophonie.
How Immigrants Contribute to Developing Countries' Economies is the result of a project carried out by the OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization, with support from the European Union. The report covers the ten partner countries: Argentina, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, Ghana, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Rwanda, South Africa and Thailand. The project, Assessing the Economic Contribution of Labour Migration in Developing Countries as Countries of Destination, aimed to provide empirical evidence – both quantitative and qualitative – on the multiple ways immigrants affect their host countries.
The report shows that labour migration has a relatively limited impact in terms of native-born workers’ labour market outcomes, economic growth and public finance in the ten partner countries. This implies that perceptions of possible negative effects of immigrants are often unjustified. But it also means that most countries of destination do not sufficiently leverage the human capital and expertise that immigrants bring. Public policies can play a key role in enhancing immigrants’ contribution to their host countries’ development.
English, PDF, 3,253kb
The study provides a rigorous analysis of the social inclusion and well-being of young Malawians using the latest available data and a multidimensional approach. Based on the results of the analysis, the report proposes a series of recommendations for the development of public policies in favor of youth.
French, PDF, 2,389kb
English, PDF, 1,485kb
The report, which is part of the Youth Inclusion Project co-financed by the European Union and implemented by the OECD Development Centre, assesses the situation of social inclusion and well-being of young Salvadorans using a multidimensional approach. It analyses diverse aspects of employment, education, health and civic participation affecting youth, based on the latest data available.