This report introduces the Framework for Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development (PCSD) - a screening tool that aims to support governments in designing and implementing coherent policies. It explores policy coherence in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and suggests options for monitoring and tracking progress in SDG target 17.14, which calls on countries to "enhance policy coherence for sustainable development. The report also includes contributions from member states on their policy mechanisms and institutional arrangements for implementing the SDGs at the national level.
In 2009 developed countries committed to jointly mobilise USD 100 billion a year in climate finance by 2020 for climate action in developing countries. This report provides a status check on the level of climate finance mobilised by developed countries in 2013 and 2014, five years after this initial commitment was made at COP15 in Copenhagen. It shows that there has been significant progress in meeting this goal.
The report aims to be transparent and rigorous in its assessment of the available data and underlying assumptions and methodologies, within the constraints of an aggregate reporting exercise. While methodological approaches and data collection efforts to support estimates such as this one are improving, there nevertheless remains significant work to be done to arrive at more complete and accurate estimates in the future.
Myanmar is in need of a structural transformation from an agrarian economy to one based more on a mix of modern activities, including manufacturing and services. Modernising the agricultural sector by building linkages to complementary non-agricultural activities – an “agricultural value chain” approach – could set in motion this process of structural transformation. Furthermore, given Myanmar’s level of economic development, its large rural population and the weight of agriculture in the economy, a development strategy that puts agriculture and rural development at its core has the potential to make a significant positive impact for millions. This third report of the Multi-dimensional Review of Myanmar synthesises the findings and recommendations from the first two reports according to the following priorities as defined by stakeholders in Myanmar: supporting the agri-food sector’s ability to respond to market demand for quality products; introducing innovative models of delivering extension services and training to upgrade agronomic and technical skills; providing the conditions for a vibrant financial system that meet the needs of rural areas; strengthening land rights; engaging citizens in the policy making process; and managing and maximising the benefits of emigration from rural areas.
Ukraine’s post-Maidan authorities have embarked upon an ambitious reform programme to improve the country’s framework for investment and strengthen the country as an attractive investment destination. This review, which was prepared in close cooperation with the Ukrainian authorities in response to their 2011 request to adhere to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises (OECD Declaration), analyses the general investment framework as well as recent reform, and shows where further efforts are necessary. It assesses Ukraine’s ability to comply with the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination and its policy convergence with international investment standards such as the OECD Declaration. In light of the recently updated OECD Policy Framework for Investment, it also studies other areas such as investment promotion and facilitation, infrastructure development; financial sector development and responsible business conduct practices. In the scarcely two years since a new attempt at economic reforms was launched in earnest, Ukraine has made quite important progress in introducing a modern legal framework for investment. But additional efforts are required in some policy areas to reaffirm Ukraine’s attractiveness for investors.
Ce rapport de l’OCDE sur l’aide multilatérale en 2015 contribue au débat général sur la façon de mettre en œuvre le programme pour le développement de l’après-2015. Il fait valoir que les organisations multilatérales ont un rôle fondamental à jouer pour nouer ou consolider des partenariats inclusifs qui apporteront les solutions collectives, internationales indispensables pour mettre fin à la pauvreté absolue et ouvrir une nouvelle ère de progrès économiques, de durabilité environnementale et de sociétés pacifiques et ouvertes à tous. Afin d’être en mesure de s’acquitter de leur mission, les organisations multilatérales devront mettre en œuvre des réformes exigeantes, d’une part pour mener à leur terme les changements internes engagés et d’autre part pour réagir face à un environnement global en rapide évolution.
Aide multilatérale 2015 examine comment les fournisseurs bilatéraux peuvent aider les organisations multilatérales à réaliser les changements nécessaires et à mettre en place les partenariats efficaces qui s’imposent pour (i) assurer une utilisation optimale de toutes les ressources disponibles à l’appui du développement, y compris le financement préaffecté, et (ii) mobiliser des connaissances et des ressources auprès d’autres partenaires que les « donneurs traditionnels ».
Les Perspectives économiques en Afrique 2016 dressent l’état actuel du continent et livrent des prévisions économiques à deux ans. Ce rapport annuel examine la performance de l’Afrique dans des domaines essentiels : macroéconomie, flux financiers, commerce et intégration régionale, développement humain, ou encore gouvernance. Pour cette 15e édition, les Perspectives économiques en Afrique passent au crible la question de l’urbanisation et de la transformation structurelle en Afrique. Elles font des propositions concrètes pour promouvoir des villes durables.
Des notes pays offrent une synthèse des tendances récentes de l'économie, des prévisions de croissance du produit intérieur brut pour 2016 et 2017, et des principaux défis rencontrés dans chacun des 54 pays africains. Une annexe statistique permet de comparer les variables économiques, sociales et politiques propres à chaque pays.
The landscape of tax services, traditionally provided by parties such as tax advisors, accountants and other tax practitioners, is changing, thanks to new technologies and services such as online accounting and filing, mobile devices, and machine-to-machine communication. This may lead to more integrated tax systems, in which taxation is part of the day-to-day operations of SMEs. This report provides an overview of relevant technological and business developments and new service solutions. It also explores how these influence SMEs, tax service providers and tax administrations – and the way that they co-operate. Tax administrations can adopt different types of network strategies for co-operating with tax service providers. The report identifies four basic network strategies. In countries without an established tax service provider infrastructure, such as developing and emerging economies, leveraging new technologies (such as online services and mobile payment) may create new possibilities for providing infrastructure that is both beneficial for SMEs and promotes tax compliance.
This review assesses the overall investment climate in the Philippines, looking at investment policy, investment promotion and facilitation, competition policy, infrastructure investment and responsible business conduct. The Review documents successful reform episodes over the past 25 years in the Philippines, assesses their impact and suggests areas for further reforms. It looks at how to raise investment levels by both foreign and domestic enterprises and at how to ensure that such investment contributes to sustainable and inclusive growth. The current macroeconomic situation in the Philippines is favourable, remittances are high, the business process outsource industry is booming, and the new Competition Act will help to make the domestic market more competitive. The Review argues for one further reform push to ease the many restrictions on foreign investors in the Philippines so as to provide an investment climate where all firms can invest and grow.
Food insecurity and malnutrition are major international concerns, especially in rural areas. At the global scale, they have received considerable attention and investment, but the results achieved so far have been mixed. Some countries have made progress at the national level, but still have many citizens who are food insecure, often concentrated in specific geographic areas. Food insecurity and poverty are highly interlinked and have a strong territorial dimension. To provide effective long-term solutions, policy responses must therefore be tailored to the specific challenges of each territory, taking into account a multidimensional response that includes food availability, access, utilisation and stability. This report highlights five case studies and the OECD New Rural Paradigm, presenting an effective framework for addressing food insecurity and malnutrition.
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This Policy Coherence for Development (CODE) report considers the complex policy landscape within which migration occurs and why it is necessary to have mechanisms to better deal with intra- and inter-policy linkages.