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Reports


  • 18-November-2019

    English

    OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Italy 2019

    The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review. Italy is strongly committed to multilateralism, and it uses its convening power as well as expertise in co-operation to make the country a leading voice on issues such as agriculture and cultural heritage. The country’s commitment to leaving no one behind is particularly apparent through the focus on gender and disability. However, the country would benefit from reversing the recent decline in official development assistance (ODA), building a stronger and better-skilled workforce, forming a coherent, whole-of-government approach to migration and development, and creating a system to manage for results.
  • 5-novembre-2019

    Français

    Dynamiques du développement en Afrique 2019 - Réussir la transformation productive

    Quelles sont les tendances économiques et sociales majeures en Afrique aujourd’hui ? Comment l’Afrique s’inscrit-elle dans la mondialisation ? Ce rapport annuel parle d’une Afrique ouverte sur le monde et l’avenir. Dynamiques du développement en Afrique tire les leçons des expériences des cinq sous-régions – Afrique australe, centrale, de l’Est, du Nord et de l’Ouest – pour partager et développer les bonnes pratiques. Le rapport identifie les politiques innovantes et offre des recommandations pratiques, adaptées aux spécificités des économies africaines. Étayé par les plus récentes statistiques, son décryptage des dynamiques du développement vise à permettre aux leaders africains de réaliser la vision stratégique de l’agenda 2063 à tous les niveaux : continental, régional, national et local. Chaque édition examine ainsi un thème stratégique.L’édition 2019 explore les politiques de soutien à la transformation productive. Elle propose trois principaux axes politiques pour transformer les entreprises : fournir des services commerciaux aux regroupements d’entreprises ; mettre en place des réseaux de production régionaux ; et améliorer la capacité des entreprises exportatrices à se développer dans des marchés en mutation rapide.Cet ouvrage a pour vocation de nourrir le débat entre les membres de l’Union africaine, ainsi que les citoyens, entrepreneurs et chercheurs. Son ambition est de participer à une nouvelle coopération – entre pays, régions... – tournée vers l’apprentissage mutuel et la préservation de nos biens communs. Il est lui-même le fruit de la coopération entre la Commission de l’Union Africaine et le Centre de développement de l’OCDE.
  • 4-November-2019

    English

    The Governance of Land Use in Korea - Urban Regeneration

    This report examines land-use trends, policies and practices in Korea, in particular in the city of Busan, through the lens of urban regeneration and citizen participation. Land-use planning is critical for the efficient and inclusive management of cities, pursuing sustainable and balanced development and improving quality of life and regional competitiveness. Korea has benefitted from comprehensive and well-structured, hierarchical land-use planning and urban regeneration frameworks. However, faced with a series of demographic and economic challenges, together with geographic factors and historical developments, Korea needs to re-evaluate land-use management and urban regeneration to leverage inclusive growth and boost competitiveness in Korean cities. This report argues that involving citizens in land-use planning and urban regeneration is essential to collect better quality information as a basis for plans, decisions and outcomes. This report is of relevant to urban planners, land use especialists, and city managers who work on urban regeneration projects and citizens’ participation.
  • 15-October-2019

    English

    Greening Development Co-operation - Lessons from the OECD Development Assistance Committee

    How can members of the DAC effectively tackle critical environmental challenges and threats – such as climate change, pollution, and loss of soil fertility and biodiversity – in activities supporting the 2030 Agenda in developing countries? Most already have environmental safeguards in place to screen out negative environmental practice, but they need far more robust policies, capacities and approaches for mainstreaming environment across all their development co-operation activities. This report examines five critical areas for mainstreaming: strong policy commitment and leadership; robust systems, processes and tools; capacity and continuous skill development; shared knowledge, learning and engagement; well-supported country systems. On that basis, the report suggests priority actions for the OECD-DAC, its Network on Environment and Development (ENVIRONET) and the wider development community.
  • 15-October-2019

    English

    Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Moldova - Summary Report of Project Implementation 2016-2019

    This report presents the objectives, methodology, procedures and main findings of the OECD project 'Strengthening public finance capacity for green investments in the EECCA countries'. Between 2016-19, the project aimed to help set the partner countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Moldova) on a sustainable path of development by reducing the energy and carbon intensity of their economies. Working with the relevant ministry in each country, the project designed public investment programmes in line with good international practices. These programmes sought to address key objectives of the countries' environmental and climate-related policies. The Clean Public Transport Programmes focus specifically on reducing air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from the target sector, primarily in large urban areas. They aim to demonstrate how to use scarce public funds to encourage private sector investment in projects that generate significant environmental and socio-economic benefits alike.
  • 12-October-2019

    English

    Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation and Green Investment in Kyrgyzstan

    This report discusses the main results of a project on how an influx of funds could spur development of cleaner public transport, and reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in large urban centres in Kyrgyzstan, by providing an analysis for designing a green public investment programme in this sector. This sector represents an opportunity for Kyrgyzstan to address key objectives in its environmental and climate-related policies as part of the country’s ambitions to transition to a green economic path of development. The investment programme is also designed to support the modernisation of the urban transport fleet in the country and stimulate the domestic market to shift to modern buses powered by cleaner fuels. The programme is foreseen to be implemented in two phases: the first covers the cities of Bishkek and Osh and the second extends to areas outside of the initial pilot city centres (pilot city suburbs as well as inter-city transport). These investments are expected to result in significant environmental, public service and socio-economic benefits.
  • 10-October-2019

    English

    The Heavy Burden of Obesity - The Economics of Prevention

    Almost one in four people in OECD countries is currently obese. This epidemic has far-reaching consequences for individuals, society and the economy. Using microsimulation modelling, this book analyses the burden of obesity and overweight in 52 countries (including OECD, European Union and G20 countries), showing how overweight reduces life expectancy, increases healthcare costs, decreases workers' productivity and lowers GDP. The report makes the urgent economic case to scale up investments in policies to promote healthy lifestyles and tackle this growing global public health problem. The book evaluates a number of policies which could significantly improve health outcomes while being an excellent investment for countries.
  • 1-October-2019

    English

    Multi-dimensional Review of Paraguay - Volume 3. From Analysis to Action

    Paraguay has set itself ambitious development goals for 2030. To achieve them, it will have to tackle two major challenges: buttressing sources of sustainable economic prosperity and putting the country on a more inclusive development path. Progressing towards a more inclusive society will require a broad and vigorous reform agenda. First, the country’s healthcare system requires systemic reform to widen its coverage, reduce Paraguayans’ vulnerability in the face of health risks and increase the efficiency of health service provision. Second, the social protection system needs to overcome its fragmentation and become more effective in delivering the right services and risk management tools to citizens according to their needs. In particular, the pension system requires reforms to increase its coverage and become more equitable and more sustainable. Third, the quality and the inclusiveness of its education and training system need to be strengthened to generate the skills the economy needs, and provide opportunities to all. Based on the analysis and recommendations undertaken in Volumes 1 and 2 of this Multi-dimensional country review, this report identifies key areas for action and presents targeted action plans to kick-start reform. The report also provides a dashboard of monitoring indicators to support the reform agenda in the country.
  • 27-September-2019

    English

    Latin American Economic Outlook 2019 - Development in Transition

    Latin America and the Caribbean has seen a remarkable socio-economic progress since the beginning of the century. Countries strengthened their macroeconomic situations, living standards improved, and poverty and inequality declined. Yet, large structural vulnerabilities remain and new ones have emerged. Many of these are linked to countries’ transition to higher income and development levels. The Latin American Economic Outlook 2019: Development in Transition (LEO 2019) presents a fresh analytical approach to the region’s development trajectories. It assesses four development traps relating to productivity, social vulnerability, institutions and the environment. It outlines local opportunities for responding to these traps and seeks ways of improving the interactions and interlinkages between global public goods and national development agendas, all in the context of the United Nations 2030 Agenda. LEO 2019 calls for improving domestic capacities and adopting a new vision of international co-operation as a facilitator to support efforts to achieve sustainable development for all throughout the region.
  • 27-septembre-2019

    Français

    Mettre le financement mixte au service des Objectifs de développement durable

    La communauté mondiale s'est exprimée clairement : il faut mobiliser davantage de ressources pour mettre fin à l'extrême pauvreté et atténuer les effets du changement climatique. Les financements mixtes – qui mélangent différentes formes de capital – apparaissent de plus en plus comme une solution importante au problème de la mobilisation des ressources dont ont besoin les pays en développement pour atteindre les Objectifs de développement durables. Toutefois, faute d’une bonne compréhension des risques qui y sont associés, un recours accru aux financements mixtes pourrait avoir des conséquences imprévues pour les fournisseurs de coopération pour le développement. Ce rapport présente un état des lieux détaillé de ces financements mixtes et des actions prioritaires pour les mettre effectivement au service d’un développement plus durable. Il recense les concepts et les définitions, présente un aperçu des acteurs et des instruments et discute des leçons tirées des approches mixtes, sur la base de leur observation ainsi que des données et des évaluations disponibles. Ses conclusions et recommandations seront utiles aux décideurs comme aux praticiens.‘Les financements mixtes contribueront à accélérer la croissance économique, mais pour y parvenir, il est essentiel que les donateurs alignent leurs pratiques.’ Martin Wolf, commentateur économique en chef chez Financial Times. ‘L’aide publique au développement reste un moyen essentiel de financer les efforts visant à éliminer l'extrême pauvreté. Cependant, les gouvernements ne peuvent relever seuls le défi. Nous devons tous penser, travailler, financer et réaliser le développement différemment, et mobiliser les ressources et les compétences du secteur privé afin d’aider les populations les plus pauvres et les plus vulnérables dans le monde. Le Canada continue de promouvoir des approches novatrices en matière de financement du développement et d’une croissance durable pour tous.’ L'honorable Marie-Claude Bibeau, ministre du Développement international et de la Francophonie du Canada.
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