Reports


  • 3-April-2017

    English

    Agricultural Policies in the Philippines

    This report analyses Philippine agricultural policy and offers a series of recommendations to improve the sector's performance, including its agricultural institutions and governance systems, and its ability to adapt to climate change. Agriculture provides 30% of total employment in the Philippines and represents 11% of its Gross Domestic Product. Despite the country’s recent overall economic success, improving agricultural performance has been difficult. In terms of agricultural productivity growth, the Philippines lags behind other Southeast Asian countries as a result of decades of underinvestment, policy distortions, and uncertainties linked to the implementation of agrarian reform and periodic extreme weather conditions. Agricultural land resources are also under pressure from frequent natural disasters, rising population and urbanisation, and the lack of secure property rights.

  • 31-March-2017

    English

    Illicit Financial Flows - Illicit Trade and Development Challenges in West Africa

    This report shows how criminal economies and illicit financial flows through and within West Africa affect people’s lives. It goes beyond the traditional analysis of illicit financial flows, which focuses on the value of monetary flows. The report exposes the ways in which criminal and illicit activities and resulting illicit financial flows damage governance, the economy, development and security. It presents case studies based on concrete examples from West Africa of human trafficking, drug smuggling, counterfeit goods, gold mining and terrorism financing. It identifies networks and drivers – in the region or elsewhere – that allow these criminal economies to thrive, by feeding and facilitating these activities and the circulation of illicitly-obtained revenue. It also examines the impacts on local communities, such as changes in wealth distribution, power dynamics and the degree to which illicit money undermines social organisation.

    This book proposes a policy framework for both source and destination countries of illicit flows that looks beyond the concerns of developed countries to enhance development prospects at the local level and respond to the needs of the most vulnerable stakeholders. Combating criminal economies and preventing illicit financial flows will require sustained partnerships between producing and consuming countries. West Africa cannot be expected to address these challenges alone.

  • 28-February-2017

    English

    OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Poland 2017

    The OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each member are critically examined approximately once every five years.

    This review assesses the performance of Poland, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examines both policy and implementation. It takes an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of Poland.

  • 28-February-2017

    English

    Multi-dimensional Review of Kazakhstan - Volume 2. In-depth Analysis and Recommendations

    Kazakhstan has embarked upon an ambitious reform agenda to realise its aspiration of becoming one of the top 30 global economies by 2050. The country’s economy and society have undergone deep transformations since independence. To sustain economic progress, overcome recent difficulties, and drive improvements in well-being to realise its aspirations, Kazakhstan will need to address a number of challenges to ensure its economy becomes more productive and diverse, and is sufficiently flexible and resilient in the face of an ever-shifting external environment. This next stage of economic transformation will require continuing reforms. This report discusses policy actions to address four key obstacles to development in Kazakhstan, identified in Volume 1 of this review. It presents in-depth analysis and recommendations to improve the economy’s resilience through diversification, to mobilise financing for development, to transform the role of the state in the economy, including through privatisation, and to improve the effectiveness of environmental regulations.

  • 22-février-2017

    Français

    Talents à l'étranger : Une revue des émigrés marocains

    Près de 3 millions de personnes qui sont nées au Maroc vivaient dans un pays de l’OCDE en 2010/11. Pour évaluer le potentiel que ce groupe représente pour l’économie marocaine, cette revue établit la répartition des émigrés marocains sur les pays de l’OCDE, ainsi que leur âge, leur sexe et leur niveau d’éducation. Les résultats sur le marché du travail des émigrés marocains sont analysés, de même que sont documentées les caractéristiques des émigrés marocains qui retournent vivre au Maroc. La plus grande diaspora marocaine réside en France, suivie par l’Espagne et l’Italie, où leur nombre a fortement augmenté avant que les flux migratoires ne soient affectés par la crise économique. Les émigrés marocains ont un faible niveau d’éducation, et connaissent une intégration sur le marché du travail moins favorable que natifs dans les pays de destination, et une grande partie travaille dans des professions peu qualifiées. Ceux qui sont retournés vivre au Maroc sont souvent retraités, mais sont aussi particulièrement susceptibles de devenir entrepreneurs.

  • 16-February-2017

    English

    Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development

    Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development is the result of a project carried out by the European Union and the OECD Development Centre in ten partner countries: Armenia, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, Georgia, Haiti, Morocco and the Philippines. The project aimed to provide policy makers with evidence on the way migration influences specific sectors – labour market, agriculture, education, investment and financial services, and social protection and health – and, in turn, how sectoral policies affect migration. The report addresses four dimensions of the migration cycle: emigration, remittances, return and immigration.

    The results of the empirical work confirm that migration contributes to the development of countries of origin and destination. However, the full potential of migration is not yet fully exploited by the ten partner countries. One explanation is that policy makers do not sufficiently take migration into account in their respective policy areas. To enhance the contribution of migration to development, home and host countries therefore need to adopt a more coherent policy agenda to better integrate migration into development strategies, improve co-ordination mechanisms and strengthen international co-operation.

  • 2-février-2017

    Français

    Guide de l'OCDE sur le devoir de diligence pour un engagement constructif des parties prenantes dans le secteur extractif

    Les entreprises peuvent apporter une contribution positive au développement social et économique lorsqu'elles engagent des parties prenantes telles que les populations locales dans leurs activités de planification et de prise de décision. L'utilité de cet engagement est particulièrement notable dans le secteur des industries extractives, auquel sont associées d'importantes incidences sociales, économiques et environnementales.

    Le Guide de l'OCDE sur le devoir de diligence pour un engagement constructif des parties prenantes dans le secteur extractif propose des conseils pratiques aux entreprises des secteurs minier, pétrolier et gazier pour surmonter les difficultés liées au processus d’engagement des parties prenantes.

    Ce Guide s’inscrit dans le cadre des travaux que mène l’OCDE pour créer des occasions concrètes d’application sectorielle des recommandations formulées dans les Principes directeurs de l'OCDE à l'intention des entreprises multinationales.

    Pour en savoir plus sur les travaux de l'OCDE relatifs à l'engagement des parties prenantes dans le secteur extractif, consultez la page web https://mneguidelines.oecd.org/stakeholder-engagement-extractive-industries.htm

  • 19-January-2017

    English

    Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India 2017 - Addressing Energy Challenges

    The Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India is a bi-annual publication on regional economic growth, development and regional integration in Emerging Asia. It focuses on the economic conditions of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. It also addresses relevant economic issues in China and India to fully reflect economic developments in the region. The 2017 edition of the Outlook comprises four main parts, each highlighting a particular dimension of recent economic developments in the region. The first part presents the regional economic monitor, depicting the near-term and medium-term economic outlooks, as well as macroeconomic and regional integration challenges in the region. The second part discusses the recent progress made in key aspects of regional integration. The third part presents this edition's special focus: addressing energy challenges and renewable energy development in particular. The fourth part includes structural policy country notes offering specific recommendations.

  • 13-janvier-2017

    Français

    Coopération transfrontalière et réseaux de gouvernance en Afrique de l'Ouest

    Cette publication examine la contribution des acteurs impliqués dans la coopération transfrontalière au processus d’intégration régionale en Afrique de l’Ouest. S’appuyant sur une méthodologie innovante, appelée analyse des réseaux sociaux, cet ouvrage propose une cartographie des relations formelles et informelles qui lient les acteurs impliqués dans les réseaux de gouvernance transfrontaliers. Il éclaire notamment les effets des frontières sur les échanges d’information et les relations de pouvoir entre acteurs. L’analyse du potentiel de coopération de plusieurs indicateurs régionaux montre ensuite que les frontières affectent diversement la capacité des espaces à développer des initiatives transfrontalières. Ces deux résultats sont combinés à la perception que les décideurs politiques ont des zones frontalières prioritaires en matière d’intégration régionale. Cette analyse croisée propose des bases pour des politiques territorialisées plus propices au développement de la coopération transfrontalière en Afrique de l’Ouest.

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  • 4-janvier-2017

    Français

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