Second Development Lecture in Honour of Angus Maddison by François Bourguignon “Tackling inequalities: at the heart of the post-2015 agenda?”
Secteurs de travail
Tax revenues provide governments with funds to invest in development, relieve poverty, deliver public services and build the physical and social infrastructure for long-term growth. Moreover, there are mutually beneficial links between taxation and good governance. Tax and Development: Aid Modalities for Strengthening Tax Systems highlights how taxation can have a positive effect on the quality of governance and a government’s relationship with citizens and, in turn, how good governance can have a positive effect on compliance and revenue mobilisation.
How can international assistance providers, including OECD members, international and regional organisations, support the development of tax systems in developing countries? Tax and Development: Aid Modalities for Strengthening Tax Systems provides practical guidance for policy makers and practitioners based on the results of an extensive literature review, a survey of aid agency officials and six country case studies (Ghana, Guatemala, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, and Tanzania). It examines the aid instruments that donors use to assist developing countries including general and sector budget support, basket financing, stand-alone bilateral aid and funding South-South organisations. The strengths and weaknesses of each modality for supporting tax systems are identified, and some 50 recommendations to support the development of effective, efficient and growth-oriented tax systems in developing countries are provided.
English, PDF, 226kb
The OECD Development Centre forecasts that real growth in the region will return to pre-crisis levels of 5.5% in 2013-17. Asia’s economic prowess will be supported not only by strong export performance, which has been a powerful driver of growth in the region, but also by the growing strength of domestic demand.
English, PDF, 329kb
Joint Conference on “Economic Outlook and Development Challenges in Emerging Asia” Friday, 15 March, 2013 Seoul, Korea. Organised and Sponsored by the Korea Institute for International Economic Policy (KIEP), Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) and OECD Development Centre (OECD-DEV).
English, PDF, 252kb
Multi-Dimensional Country Review for the Philippines. NEDA-OECD-ADB Kick-off Seminar - DRAFT AGENDA. 9h00-13h00, 7 March (Thursday) 2013, Manila
By 2015, half of the world’s people living on less than USD 1.25 a day will be in fragile states. While poverty has decreased globally, progress on Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1 is slower in fragile states than in other developing countries. Fragile states are also off-track to meet the rest of the MDGs by 2015.
Fragile situations became a central concern of the international development and security agenda in the 1990s. Since then, powerful forces have been influencing the causes and manifestations of fragility, including the combination of democratic aspirations, new technologies, demographic shifts and climate change. The last five years have been especially tumultuous, encompassing the 2008 food, fuel and financial crisis and the Arab Spring, which began in 2011.These events have influenced the international debate on the nature, relevance and implications of fragility. While situations of fragility clearly have common elements – including poverty, inequality and vulnerability – how can we make sense of the great diversity in their national income, endowment in natural resources or historical trajectories? How do we move towards a more substantive concept of fragility that goes beyond a primary focus on the quality of government policies and institutions to include a broader picture of the economy and society? This publication takes stock of i) the evolution of fragility as a concept, ii) analyses of financial flows to and within fragile states between 2000 and 2010, and iii) trends and issues that are likely to shape fragility in the years to come.
English, PDF, 462kb
DAC Evaluation Network's Newsletter for Mars 2013
Economic empowerment aims to raise the capacity of women and men to participate in, contribute to and benefit from growth processes in ways which recognize the value of their contributions, respect their dignity and make it possible to negotiate a fairer distribution of the benefits of growth.
The present study is a contribution to mark the 10th anniversary of the adoption of UNSCR 1325 (in 2010), and provides an overview of DAC members' funding targeted to gender equality in fragile and conflict-affected states.