The 2017 edition of the Latin American Economic Outlook explores youth, skills and entrepreneurship. Young Latin Americans embody the region’s promise and perils. They stand at the crossroads of a region whose once promising economy and social progress are now undergoing a slowdown. The Outlook identifies potential strategies and policy responses to help Latin America and the Caribbean revive economic growth. While development can stem from different sources, skills and entrepreneurship can empower youth to develop knowledge-intensive economic activities, boost productivity and transform the region’s politics as they transition successfully from the world of school to the world of productive work and create that future they seek. The report highlights valuable experiences and best practices in these fields and proposes strategies to allow Latin America to consolidate long-term growth while assuring continuity in the social agenda.
O PIB da América Latina e do Caribe retrocederá entre 0,9% e 1% em 2016, de acordo com as últimas estimativas, registrando o segundo ano consecutivo de crescimento negativo e uma taxa de contração que a região não vê desde o início dos anos 1980.
El PIB de América Latina y el Caribe se contraerá entre un 0.9% y 1% en 2016, según las últimas estimaciones. Esto supone un segundo año consecutivo de crecimiento negativo y un ritmo de contracción al que no se asistía en la región desde principios de la década de los 80.
Avis aux médias - Le Centre de développement de l'OCDE, la CAF et de la CEPAL lanceront leur rapport conjoint Perspectives économiques de l'Amérique latine 2017 - Jeunesse, compétences et entrepreneuriat lors du XXVème Sommet ibéro-américain, Carthagène des Indes, Colombie Vendredi 28 octobre 2016 à 18H00. Lieu: Centre des congrès de Cartagena, Salon Barahona
Start-ups are gaining momentum in Latin America. Start-up Latin America 2016: Building an innovative future reviews the dynamics of start-ups and the policies for start-up promotion in four countries in the region – Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru. The report reviews the policy mix for start-up promotion and highlights the progress made by each country and future challenges. It identifies good practices in promoting start-ups and lessons learned in Latin America in the design and implementation of policies.
The Czech Republic has become a more active and transparent development provider since overhauling its aid system and joining the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC). It should now focus on making sure its funds and expertise are used as effectively as possible, according to a new OECD Review.
The OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.
The OECD Governance and Territorial Development Directorate has worked closely with United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) on urban development issues. This webpage highlights the complex governance challenges that cities present and offers guidance on how they may be overcome.
Les coûts économique et humain de la pollution de l'air en Afrique sont en augmentation rapide, selon une nouvelle étude du Centre de développement de l'OCDE sur le Coût de la pollution atmosphérique en Afrique.
Peru has experienced significant improvements in economic growth, well-being and poverty reduction since the introduction of macroeconomic reforms, economic openness and more effective social programmes in the 1990s. However, the country still faces structural challenges to escape the middle-income trap and consolidate its emerging middle class. This report provides policy actions to tackle the main bottlenecks to boost inclusive development and well-being in Peru. In particular this report presents an in-depth analysis and policy recommendations to boost economic diversification and productivity, improve connectivity and reduce informality. Policy actions in these areas demand better institutions and improvements in areas and markets, including research and development and innovation, fiscal policy, education and skills, logistics and transport infrastructure as well as labour and product markets.