The SME Policy Index is a benchmarking tool designed for emerging economies to assess SME policy frameworks and monitor progress in policy implementation over time. The Index has been developed by the OECD in partnership with the European Commission, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and the European Training Foundation (ETF) in 2006.
For the Eastern Partner Countries, the assessment framework is structured around the ten principles of the Small Business Act for Europe (SBA), providing a wide-range of pro-enterprise measures to guide the design and implementation of SME policies based on good practices promoted by the EU and the OECD. It is applied to the Eastern Partner Countries for the second time since 2012.
The Index identifies strengths and weaknesses in policy design and implementation, allows for comparison across countries and measures convergence towards good practices and relevant policy standards. It aims to support governments in setting targets for SME policy development and to identify strategic priorities to further improve the business environment. It also helps to engage governments in policy dialogue and exchange good practices within the region and with OECD and EU members.
Transport accounts for nearly a quarter of carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion. The price attached to these emissions is critical to climate policies and emissions mitigation efforts in the sector. As the impact of emissions on climate does not depend on where CO2 is released, the price of carbon should be uniform. In reality, however, it varies immensely, reflecting the complexity of assessing climate impacts.
This report reviews the three key challenges in considering the effects of carbon dioxide emissions in economic appraisal: the valuation of carbon dioxide emissions, the treatment of uncertainty in climate change and the approach used to discounting future costs and benefits. The report reviews current approaches in selected countries (France, Germany, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States) and provides examples of good practice and recommendations for national and international policy making.
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Promoting growth through structural reform and regional integration
English, PDF, 419kb
Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India 2016 – press release Japanese
Si, de manière inquiétante, les perspectives pour nombre de pays de l’OCDE restent modestes, les pays de l'Asie émergente (Asie du Sud-Est, Chine et Inde) devraient connaître une croissance soutenue – bien que plus modérée que ces dernières années – à moyen terme, selon les dernières Perspectives économiques pour l’Asie du Sud-Est, la Chine et l’Inde du Centre de développement de l’OCDE.
Chinese, PDF, 195kb
Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India 2016 – press release chinese
English, PDF, 393kb
Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India 2016 – press release korean
Indonesian, PDF, 156kb
Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India 2016 – press release indonesian
English, PDF, 34kb
Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India 2016 – press release malay
Vietnamese, PDF, 114kb
Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India 2016 – press release vietnamese