Colombia’s total concessional finance for development reached USD 45 million in 2014, compared to USD 42 million in 2013 (OECD estimates based on Government of Colombia, 2013, 2014; and websites of multilateral organisations). In 2014, Colombia channelled USD 37 million in development-orientated contributions through multilateral organisations and USD 8 million through South-South co-operation programmes and initiatives.
China’s total concessional finance for development reached USD 3.4 billion in 2014 compared to USD 3 billion in 2013 (OECD estimates based on Government of China, 2015, and websites of multilateral organisations). In 2014, China channelled USD 397 million through multilateral organisations.
Chile’s total concessional finance for development reached USD 49 million in 2014 compared to USD 44 million in 2013 (OECD estimates based on Government of Chile, 2013, 2014; and websites of multilateral organisations). In 2014, Chile channelled USD 37 million through multilateral organisations.
Brazil is a South-South co-operation provider. Brazil’s 2010 development co-operation programme figures remain its most recent (published in IPEA and ABC, 2013); no new figures were published in 2014. These figures – at USD 923 million – include activities that are not or not entirely included as development co-operation in DAC statistics. The OECD estimates that of these, USD 500 million would meet the criteria for ODA
Food insecurity and malnutrition are major international concerns, especially in rural areas. At the global scale, they have received considerable attention and investment, but the results achieved so far have been mixed. Some countries have made progress at the national level, but still have many citizens who are food insecure, often concentrated in specific geographic areas. Food insecurity and poverty are highly interlinked and have a strong territorial dimension. To provide effective long-term solutions, policy responses must therefore be tailored to the specific challenges of each territory, taking into account a multidimensional response that includes food availability, access, utilisation and stability. This report highlights five case studies and the OECD New Rural Paradigm, presenting an effective framework for addressing food insecurity and malnutrition.
Two numbers convey the dramatic truth and enormous challenge behind the Agenda for 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): One billion people live on less than USD 2 a day. 1% of the world’s population consumes roughly 30% of its resources. Think about those numbers. They are absurd. But they can be changed if the world comes together to achieve the SDGs set forth by the United Nations in September 2015.
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Deforestation and forest degradation are the second leading human cause of CO2 emissions contributing to global warming according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Given the importance of the sector, it is surprising that there have been relatively few attempts to synthesise evaluation evidence on addressing deforestation to reduce CO2 emissions. This paper aims to attract attention to the existing evidence base.
Le rapport Typology of risks, mitigation measures and incentives in the extractive chain est le premier outil analytique qui propose une analyse factuelle visant à mieux comprendre de quelle manière la corruption – définie comme l’abus de fonctions publiques ou privées pour un bénéfice personnel – fonctionne sur l’ensemble de la chaîne de valeur des industries extractives -mines, pétrole et gaz.
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This Policy Coherence for Development (CODE) report considers the complex policy landscape within which migration occurs and why it is necessary to have mechanisms to better deal with intra- and inter-policy linkages.
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Despite the progress observed by PISA over the last decade, Latin American education systems still have a long way to go to reach world class standards. Ibero-American countries will also need to rethink their instructional system to better anticipate the knowledge and skills it will need to reignite its economy.