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  • 16-avril-2020

    Français

    L'OCDE et les pays donateurs s'efforcent de concentrer les efforts de développement sur la crise de Covid-19, en s'appuyant sur une augmentation de l'aide officielle en 2019

    L'OCDE et les pays membres qui fournissent de l’aide internationale étudient comment ils peuvent aider les pays les plus vulnérables à surmonter la crise de Covid-19, au moment où de nouvelles données montrent une augmentation de l'aide publique au développement (APD) en 2019, en particulier pour les pays les plus pauvres.

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  • 16-April-2020

    English

    Official Development Assistance 2019 Data and Trends Release

    This crisis comes against the backdrop of strained global trade, stagnating global growth, protracted conflict and climate-related crises – not to mention the constrained fiscal space and existing challenges in the health and social structures in many countries.

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  • 16-April-2020

    English

    Rural Development Strategy Review of Ethiopia - Reaping the Benefits of Urbanisation

    Addressing rural development is key for Ethiopia’s growth process. A series of government-led structural reforms have contributed to sustained growth in the country over the last two decades as well as to considerable poverty reduction in rural areas. However, Ethiopia faces critical challenges it will need to overcome to meet the needs of a growing rural population. In practice, this will require updating the existing rural development strategy in order to better integrate the interaction of rural and urban areas. Policy approaches that account for the fast urbanisation process experienced in the country will therefore be key to improving the well-being of rural populations and promoting national growth. This report takes a spatial approach to study Ethiopia’s rural development strategies. It highlights the need to develop stronger and more functional linkages between rural and urban areas. As such, the development of intermediary cities and small urban centres provides large scope for inclusive rural transformation. The report is the result of rigorous analysis, and extensive consultations with national and international stakeholders. It identifies some of the key challenges faced by rural areas and provides a series of recommendations to enhance Ethiopia’s rural development strategies.
  • 9-avril-2020

    Français

    Déclaration conjointe du Comité d'aide au développement de l'OCDE sur la crise de Covid-19

    Les membres du Comité d'aide au développement (CAD) de l'OCDE ont publié aujourd'hui une déclaration exprimant leur soutien à la réponse des agences des Nations Unies, des banques multilatérales de développement et de la société civile à la crise mondiale du Covid-19, et saluant les appels des dirigeants du G20 et du G7 à se concentrer sur l'impact sur les pays en développement.

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  • 24-mars-2020

    Français

    Accélérer l’action pour le climat - Remettre le bien-être des personnes au centre des politiques publiques

    Dans ce rapport, nous nous appuyons sur le cadre du bien-être de l’OCDE pour adopter une nouvelle approche qui consiste à analyser les synergies et les divergences entre la lutte contre le changement climatique et des objectifs plus généraux comme la santé, l’éducation et l’emploi, de même que la qualité de l’environnement plus généralement et la préservation des ressources nécessaires à notre subsistance. Il étudie sous l’angle de l’économie politique les transitions nécessaires vers un avenir bas carbone au sein de cinq secteurs économiques aujourd’hui responsables de plus de 60% des émissions mondiales de gaz à effet de serre (électricité, industrie lourde, logements, transports terrestres et agriculture). Il existe des synergies entre la réduction des émissions et des objectifs plus généraux de bien-être, comme la diminution de la pollution de l’air et l’amélioration de la santé, qui renforcent l’incitation à agir en faveur du climat sans attendre. Cependant, il faut également tenir compte de l’impact potentiellement négatif des politiques climatiques, notamment sur le poids des dépenses d’énergie pour les ménages et l’emploi afin de contrer la montée des inégalités économiques et sociales au sein des pays et entre ces derniers. Le rapport explique pourquoi il est nécessaire de remettre le bien-être au centre des politiques climatiques pour rendre visibles les synergies et les divergences entre les différents objectifs sociaux, afin de permettre aux décideurs de renforcer les premières et d’anticiper, de gérer et d’atténuer les secondes. Pour cela, il s’agit de repenser nos objectifs sociaux sous l’angle du bien-être, de reconsidérer la façon de mesurer les progrès et de recentrer l’élaboration des politiques en conséquence. La publication complète paraîtra en 2020.
  • 20-March-2020

    English

    Burkina Faso’s Perspective on Total Official Support for Sustainable Development (TOSSD)

    This working paper presents the main findings of the pilot study conducted in Burkina Faso in 2019 as part of the development of the statistical measurement framework for 'Total Official Support for Sustainable Development (TOSSD)'. The pilot study includes Burkina Faso’s perspective on the statistical methodology of TOSSD, first orders of magnitude of TOSSD to Burkina, as well as a statistical capacity assessment of Burkina Faso to access, collate, collect, analyse and use data on external financing in support of sustainable development.
  • 19-March-2020

    English

    Climate Change: OECD DAC External Development Finance Statistics

    The OECD DAC measures and monitors development finance targeting climate change objectives using two Rio markers: Climate Change Mitigation and Climate Change Adaptation.

  • 17-March-2020

    English

    SME Policy Index: Eastern Partner Countries 2020 - Assessing the Implementation of the Small Business Act for Europe

    The SME Policy Index: Eastern Partner Countries 2020 – Assessing the Implementation of the Small Business Act for Europe is a unique benchmarking tool to assess and monitor progress in the design and implementation of SME policies against EU and international best practice. It is structured around the ten principles of the Small Business Act for Europe (SBA), which provide a wide range of pro-enterprise measures to guide the design and implementation of SME policies. This report marks the third edition in this series, following assessments in 2012 and 2016. It provides a comprehensive overview of the state of play in the implementation of the ten SBA principles, and monitors progress made since 2016. It also identifies remaining challenges affecting SMEs in the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries and provides recommendations to address them based on EU and international good practice examples. The 2020 edition also features a novelty: An assessment of three new dimensions going beyond core SME policy (competition, contract enforcement and business integrity) looking at key structural reform priorities that are critical to establishing a level playing field for enterprises of all sizes and ownership types.
  • 13-March-2020

    English

    Illicit financial flows: Artisanal and small-scale gold mining in Ghana and Liberia

    Illicit financial flows (IFFs) generated by the artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) sector in West Africa have historically contributed to conflict and instability, although it would be a mistake to classify this issue as a criminal matter, given its links to formal and informal networks and local livelihoods. This study examines IFFs associated with the ASGM sector in Ghana and Liberia and reveals a complex web of informal and illicit activity associated with IFFs, with detrimental consequences for development. It focuses on gold because of its prominence in the West African Region and artisanal small-scale mining (ASM), rather than large-scale mining (LSM). Further, ASMG is largely informal and consequently more vulnerable to exploitation by criminal networks, and plays a prominent role as a local livelihood. This case study is relatively narrow in focus, providing insights into the nature and scope of ASGM activities and their resulting IFFs, and making several observations on those areas where action could be taken in an effort to reduce IFF risks. The study selected Ghana and Liberia as two countries where research could be conducted, and where gold is a major industry.
  • 9-March-2020

    English

    Aid at a glance charts

    These ready-made tables and charts provide for snapshot of aid (Official Development Assistance) for all DAC Members as well as recipient countries and territories. Summary reports by regions (Africa, America, Asia, Europe, Oceania) and the world are also available.

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