Publications & Documents

  • 20-July-2018


    How Immigrants Contribute to Argentina's Economy

    The recent effects of immigration on the Argentine economy appear to be limited but positive. On average, immigration is not associated with job losses or income declines for the population born in Argentina. High-skilled immigration is on the contrary even associated with rising labour incomes among university graduates and female low-skilled immigration is associated with a higher labour-force participation of low-skilled native-born women. The estimated contribution of immigrants to value added is below their labour force participation share but above their population share. The estimated contribution of immigrants to public finance in 2013 was small. Additional migration and non-migration policies and better co-ordination between various policy areas could further improve the integration and economic contributions of immigrants.How Immigrants Contribute to Argentina’s Economy is the result of a project carried out by the OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization, with support from the European Union. The project aimed to analyse several economic impacts – on the labour market, economic growth, and public finance – of immigration in ten partner countries: Argentina, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, Ghana, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Rwanda, South Africa and Thailand. The empirical evidence stems from a combination of quantitative and qualitative analyses of secondary and in some cases primary data sources.
  • 21-juin-2018


    Examen multidimensionnel du Sénégal - Volume 3. De l'analyse à l'action

    Le Sénégal cherche à atteindre le rang des pays émergents en 2035. L'examen multidimensionnel du Sénégal participe à la stratégie de développement du pays pour réaliser cet objectif. L’examen a débuté par une évaluation initiale (Volume 1) qui a identifié trois contraintes au développement relatives aux dysfonctionnements du système éducatif, du système fiscal et de l'administration publique. En second lieu, l’examen a consisté en une analyse approfondie du contrat social et de ces contraintes, accompagnée d’une série de recommandations de politiques publiques (Volume 2). Le dernier rapport (Volume 3) synthétise les travaux des deux précédents et transforme les 33 propositions de recommandations de politiques publiques en un plan d'action élaboré et validé par le gouvernement sénégalais. Il présente également un tableau de bord de suivi des réformes ainsi qu’une série d'indicateurs et d'objectifs à atteindre d'ici 2035.
  • 31-May-2018


    Trade Facilitation and the Global Economy

    In a globalised world, where goods cross borders many times as intermediate and as final products, trade facilitation is essential to lowering overall trade costs and increasing economic welfare, in particular for developing and emerging economies. Facilitation efforts undertaken by various countries around the world also show that the benefits of such measures clearly compensate the costs and challenges posed by their implementation.
  • 4-May-2018


    Getting it Right - Strategic Priorities for Mexico

    Mexico has been a reform champion, having launched ambitious reforms in a broad range of areas. While the reforms are showing first positive effects they are not delivering to the extent they could. On many dimensions of well-being, including education, health and security amongst others, Mexico still lags behind the OECD average and regional development remains very uneven. While Mexico has done a lot to build a competitive economy, progress has been too slow in two complementary areas, namely strengthening institutions and fostering inclusion. The capacity of the public sector is weak, corruption remains widespread and the rule of law is week, all hindering trust in government institutions and the effective implementation of policies. Similarly, persistent inequalities and widespread poverty do not only mean that higher growth does not translate into widespread gains in well-being; these inequalities are also holding back growth as Mexico is not using all available talent. Mexico has taken measures to tackle these issues, but important implementation gaps remain. It will be important for the next government to build on past reform efforts, ensuring the full and effective implementation of already legislated changes to allow for reform continuity and to launch additional reforms in several priority areas, including the rule of law, education and social protection. Only then will Mexico be able to deliver a higher quality of life for all its people.
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  • 2-mai-2018


    Examen multidimensionnel du Maroc (Volume 2) - Analyse approfondie et recommandations

    Le Maroc ambitionne de rejoindre le rang des pays émergents et de réussir un développement dynamique et équitable. Porté par cet objectif, le Maroc s’est engagé dans un programme de modernisation et de transformation profonde du pays depuis la fin des années 90. Pour permettre au Maroc de franchir une nouvelle étape dans son développement et d’enclencher une dynamique de croissance forte, pérenne et inclusive, l’OCDE a identifié trois axes de réformes essentielles. Le premier vise à renforcer la compétitivité des entreprises industrielles pour donner une nouvelle impulsion à la transformation structurelle. Le deuxième a pour objectif de relever le niveau de formation de la population et de le mettre en adéquation avec les besoins du marché du travail. Le troisième cherche à renforcer la cohérence des stratégies sectorielles pour accroître l’efficacité des politiques publiques et de l’action de l’État.Ce deuxième volume de l’Examen multidimensionnel du Maroc fournit des recommandations détaillées sur chacun de ces axes de réforme, et ce à partir d’une analyse approfondie et d’un processus participatif mené avec les parties prenantes marocaines. 
  • 25-April-2018


    Making Development Co-operation Work for Small Island Developing States

    Small Island Developing States (SIDS) stand at a critical juncture on their paths to sustainable development. Economic growth, human development and vulnerability indicators point to specific challenges facing SIDS, and suggest that new development solutions and approaches are needed to chart the course to prosperity for their people and their environments. Building on a number of innovative sources of data, such as the OECD Surveys on Private Finance Mobilised and on Philanthropy, in addition to OECD DAC statistics and other sources, this report examines the financing for development resources – domestic and external – available to SIDS. It provides new evidence on sources, destination, and objectives of development finance in SIDS. It highlights innovative approaches and good practices that the international community could replicate, further develop, and scale up in order to make development co-operation work for SIDS, helping them set on a path of sustainable development.
  • 25-April-2018


    How Immigrants Contribute to South Africa's Economy

    Immigrants contribute considerably to South Africa’s economy. In contrast to popular perception, immigration is not associated with a reduction of the employment rate of the native-born population in South Africa, and some groups of immigrants are likely to increase employment opportunities for the native-born. In part due to the high employment rate of the immigrant population itself, immigrants also raise the income per capita in South Africa. In addition, immigrants have a positive impact on the government’s fiscal balance, mostly because they tend to pay more in taxes. Policies focused on immigrant integration and fighting discrimination would further enhance the economic contribution of immigrants in South Africa.How Immigrants Contribute to South Africa’s Economy is the result of a project carried out by the OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization, with support from the European Union. The project aimed to analyse several economic impacts – on the labour market, economic growth, and public finance – of immigration in ten partner countries: Argentina, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, Ghana, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Rwanda, South Africa and Thailand. The empirical evidence stems from a combination of quantitative and qualitative analyses of secondary, and in some cases primary, data sources.
  • 24-April-2018


    Competitiveness in South East Europe - A Policy Outlook 2018

    Future economic development and the well-being of citizens in South East Europe (SEE) increasingly depend on greater economic competitiveness. Realising the region’s economic potential requires a holistic, growth-oriented policy approach. Against the backdrop of enhanced European Union (EU) accession prospects and a drive towards deeper regional co-operation, SEE governments have demonstrated a renewed commitment to enacting policy reforms.
    The second edition of Competitiveness in South East Europe: A Policy Outlook seeks to help SEE policy makers assess progress made towards their growth goals and benchmark them against regional peers and OECD good practices. The 17 policy dimensions addressed in this report encompass a wide range of areas key to economic competitiveness including the business environment, skills and capacity, the region's economic structure and its governance. The report leveraged a highly participatory assessment process which brought together more than 1 500 individual stakeholders including OECD experts, SEE policy makers, private sector representatives and regional policy networks and organisations to create a balanced view of performance.Since the latest edition of the report, there have been areas of noteworthy progress. The six assessed SEE economies have adopted strategies to improve the overall standard of education, acted to remove technical barriers to trade and taken steps to establish better financing mechanisms for small and medium-sized enterprises. Further efforts are underway to expand broadband services and close the digital divide, tackle inefficiencies in the energy and agriculture sectors, and address demographic challenges posed by long-term unemployment. Notwithstanding these important gains, there remain considerable challenges for these economies as they continue their journey towards structural reform.
  • 21-April-2018


    2018 IMF and World Bank Spring Meetings - Written Statement to the Development Committee

    Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will require a significant scaling up of resources. In developing countries, funding in SDG-critical sectors has an estimated shortfall of up to USD 2.5 trillion per year. At the core of financing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a dual challenge: mobilizing unprecedented volumes of resources and ensuring no-one is left behind.

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  • 20-April-2018

    English, PDF, 4,381kb

    Youth Aspirations and the Reality of Jobs in Developing Countries: Mind the gap

    This report will help them by answering two key questions: What shapes youth’s employment preferences in developing countries? And how can the gap between their aspirations and opportunities in the labour markets be addressed?

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