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  • 16-December-2015

    English

    Gender discrimination in social institutions and long-term growth

    Women’s economic empowerment remains a critical challenge around the globe. Only half of working-age women are in the labour force, earning on average 24% less than men and are less likely to receive a pension (UN Women, 2015). Women are also disproportionately concentrated in informal and precarious employment, and they spend nearly two and a half more times than men in unpaid care and domestic work (OECD 2014).

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  • 15-December-2015

    English

    How middle class are middle-income households in Latin America?

    One of the most important achievements of the recent period of economic expansion in Latin America has been the substantial reduction of poverty and the surge of an emerging middle class. According to World Bank estimates, in 2009 the Latin American population with a daily income of between 4 and 50 dollars a day represents 68% in the region today.

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  • 15-décembre-2015

    Français

    Le Portugal doit accroître son aide au développement et en améliorer la supervision

    Le Portugal s’est efforcé de préserver son programme d’aide extérieure face à la crise économique, mais son budget d’aide a été fortement touché et des dispositions doivent être prises afin d’éviter qu’il ne diminue encore et de lui faire retrouver la trajectoire de progression requise pour pouvoir atteindre les objectifs adoptés au niveau international, selon un examen réalisé par l’OCDE.

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  • 14-décembre-2015

    Français

    Resserrer les liens avec les diasporas - Panorama des compétences des migrants 2015

    Cette publication présente les effectifs et les caractéristiques des populations émigrées par pays d’origine avec une attention particulière portée sur les niveaux d’éducation et la situation sur le marché du travail. Elle offre aux pays d’origine un portrait détaillé de la taille et de la composition de leurs diasporas ainsi que de leur évolution depuis 2000. Elle est composée d’un chapitre de synthèse et de six chapitres régionaux : Asie et Océanie, Amérique latine et Caraïbes, pays de l’OCDE, pays européens hors OCDE et Asie centrale, Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord et Afrique subsaharienne. Les chapitres régionaux sont suivis d’une note régionale et des notes par pays.

  • 11-December-2015

    English

    Ha llegado el momento de una nueva alianza entre China y América Latina para promover estrategias comunes de desarrollo

    La desaceleración del crecimiento del PIB en la región de América Latina se ha acentuado y se espera que sea negativa en 2015. Por segundo año consecutivo, la región se ha quedado rezagada respecto al crecimiento medio de los países de la OCDE tras una década completa de convergencia con las economías avanzadas, según el informe Perspectivas Económicas de América Latina 2016.

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  • 11-décembre-2015

    Français

  • 7-December-2015

    English

    Press conference - OECD Development Centre, ECLAC and CAF to launch their joint Latin American Economic Outlook 2016 – Towards a new partnership with China

    The ninth edition of the Latin American Economic Outlook will be launched on Friday 11 December at 18:30 P.M at the I Meeting of Foreign Affairs Ministers of the Ibero-American Conference, in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia.

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  • 1-December-2015

    English

    OECD at COP21: Supporting climate action in development co-operation

    The DAC ENVIRONET is supporting sustainable development in partner countries by monitoring development finance for climate change, providing policy insights and recommendations to the development community regarding climate change, and contributing to the post-2015 sustainable development agenda.

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  • 24-November-2015

    English

    SME Policy Index: Eastern Partner Countries 2016 - Assessing the Implementation of the Small Business Act for Europe

    The SME Policy Index is a benchmarking tool designed for emerging economies to assess SME policy frameworks and monitor progress in policy implementation over time. The Index has been developed by the OECD in partnership with the European Commission, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and the European Training Foundation (ETF) in 2006.
    For the Eastern Partner Countries, the assessment framework is structured around the ten principles of the Small Business Act for Europe (SBA), providing a wide-range of pro-enterprise measures to guide the design and implementation of SME policies based on good practices promoted by the EU and the OECD. It is applied to the Eastern Partner Countries for the second time since 2012.
    The Index identifies strengths and weaknesses in policy design and implementation, allows for comparison across countries and measures convergence towards good practices and relevant policy standards. It aims to support governments in setting targets for SME policy development and to identify strategic priorities to further improve the business environment. It also helps to engage governments in policy dialogue and exchange good practices within the region and with OECD and EU members.

  • 24-November-2015

    English

    Adapting Transport Policy to Climate Change - Carbon Valuation, Risk and Uncertainty

    Transport accounts for nearly a quarter of carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion. The price attached to these emissions is critical to climate policies and emissions mitigation efforts in the sector. As the impact of emissions on climate does not depend on where CO2 is released, the price of carbon should be uniform. In reality, however, it varies immensely, reflecting the complexity of assessing climate impacts.
    This report reviews the three key challenges in considering the effects of carbon dioxide emissions in economic appraisal: the valuation of carbon dioxide emissions, the treatment of uncertainty in climate change and the approach used to discounting future costs and benefits. The report reviews current approaches in selected countries (France, Germany, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States) and provides examples of good practice and recommendations for national and international policy making.

     

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