By Date

  • 27-November-2017


    What is total official support for sustainable development (TOSSD)?

    Over the last two years the OECD DAC has intensified its efforts to capture the broad range of development instruments and packages. How to mobilise more and better resources for development has never been more pertinent than today.

  • 27-November-2017


    Water Charges in Brazil - The Ways Forward

    This report examines the current system of water abstraction and pollution charges in operation in Brazil. It assesses the current system’s implementation challenges and provides possible solutions. The report explores how water charges can be both an effective means for dealing with water security issues, and a tool for enhancing economic growth and social welfare. Specific analysis is put forward for three case studies in the State of Rio de Janiero, the Paraiba do Sul River Basin and the Piancó-Piranhas-Açu River Basin. The report highlights that water charges need to operate in conjunction with an effective water regulatory regime and concludes with an Action Plan based on practical steps and recommendations for its implementation in the short, medium and long-term.

  • 23-November-2017

    English, PDF, 1,611kb

    The 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda: Towards a successful implementation by Poland

    The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is universal, inclusive and indivisible and calls for action by all countries, irrespective of their level of development. Like other all OECD member countries, Poland is now looking for ways to best implement the Agenda and meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.

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  • 16-November-2017


    Youth Aspirations and the Reality of Jobs in Developing Countries - Mind the Gap

    Many governments in developing countries are realising that good quality jobs matter for development. However, little attention has been paid so far to explore what actually matters for young people in terms of job characteristics and employment conditions. Today, in many developing and emerging countries, a key development challenge is that existing jobs do not live up to youth aspirations.This study revisits youth labour market performance and the quality of jobs in developing countries. It places youth employment preferences at the forefront and answers the following questions. What is the nature of youth careers aspirations and job-related drivers of job satisfaction? What shapes such employment preferences? How likely will young people be able to meet their job aspirations? What policy makers can do to reduce the gap between youth preferences and the reality of jobs?The study draws on the comprehensive data from school-to-work transition surveys in 32 developing and transition countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America. It suggests a number of priority areas for policy makers to enhance youth well-being, raise labour productivity, and contain the chilling effects that unmet youth aspirations can generate on society.
  • 15-November-2017


    Addressing Forced Displacement through Development Planning and Co-operation - Guidance for Donor Policy Makers and Practitioners

    Despite the increasingly protracted nature of situations of forced displacement, development policy makers and practitioners have tended to overlook the longevity of displacement. Forced displacement has long been viewed primarily as an emergency humanitarian issue by providers of development co-operation and the focus of the international community has predominantly been on addressing the immediate protection and short-term humanitarian needs of forcibly displaced persons. However, with increasing levels of new and protracted displacement, and key commitments such as the 2030 Agenda, donors are looking at the role of development actors and financing in supporting sustainable and comprehensive solutions to forced displacement.  This Guidance, therefore, provides a clear and practical introduction to the challenges faced in working in situations of forced displacement, and provides guidance to donor staff seeking to mainstream responses to forced displacement into development planning and co-operation. While recognising that donor policies and responses are constantly evolving, this guidance proposes that donors responding to these situations prioritise three broad areas of work, where they can best contribute to existing capacities at the national, regional and global levels. It also identifies twelve actions, grouped under four key principles, outlining what donors can do to reinforce the capacities of key actors to respond to refugees and Internally Displaced Persons at the national, regional and global levels, and to advance comprehensive solutions.

  • 13-novembre-2017


    La transformation numérique est essentielle pour pérenniser la croissance dans l’Asie émergente, selon un nouveau rapport

    La transformation numérique peut favoriser une croissance durable à moyen terme dans les économies asiatiques émergentes (les dix pays membres de l’Association des nations de l’Asie du Sud-Est, la Chine et l’Inde), d’après le nouveau rapport du Centre de développement de l’OCDE intitulé Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India 2018 (version préliminaire).

  • 6-November-2017


    Social Protection System Review of Cambodia

    In 2017, the Royal Government of Cambodia published a new Social Protection Policy Framework (SPPF), providing an ambitious vision for a social protection system in which a comprehensive set of policies and institutions operate in sync with each other to sustainably reduce poverty and vulnerability.The Social Protection System Review of Cambodia prompts and answers a series of questions that are crucial for the implementation ofthe framework : How will emerging trends affect the needs for social protection, now and into the future? To what extent are Cambodia’s social protection instruments able – or likely – to address current and future livelihood challenges? How does fiscal policy affect social protection objectives?
    This review provides a contribution to the ongoing policy dialogue on social protection, sustainable growth and poverty reduction. It includes four chapters. Chapter 1 is a forward-looking assessment of Cambodia’s social protection needs. Chapter 2 maps the social protection sector and examines its adequacy. An investigation of the distributive impact of social protection and tax policy is undertaken in Chapter 3. The last chapter concludes with recommendations for policy strategies that could support the establishment of an inclusive social protection system in Cambodia, as envisaged by the SPPF.
  • 31-October-2017


    Green Finance and Investment in Developing Countries

    To meet the ambitious goals of the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement, we need to significantly shift and scale up green finance and investment.

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  • 31-octobre-2017


    Coopération pour le développement 2017 - Données et développement

    L’édition 2017 du rapport Coopération pour le développement a pour thème « Données et développement ». Les « données massives » et l’« internet des objets » sont bien plus que de simples expressions à la mode : la révolution des données transforme le mode de fonctionnement des économies et des sociétés dans le monde entier. Les Objectifs de développement durable conjugués à la révolution des données offrent de nouvelles opportunités : des données plus nombreuses et de meilleure qualité peuvent contribuer à encourager une croissance inclusive, à combattre les inégalités et à lutter contre le changement climatique. Ces données sont également cruciales pour mesurer et suivre les progrès réalisés au regard des Objectifs de développement durable.Il est incontestable que ces données sont fondamentales pour faciliter le développement. Cependant, on continue d’observer des carences inquiétantes au niveau des données de base concernant la population et l'environnement, ainsi qu’une faible capacité des pays en développement à produire les données dont les responsables de l’action gouvernementale ont besoin pour produire des résultats concrets, visibles et durables dans le domaine du développement. Parallèlement, l'investissement dans le renforcement des capacités statistiques – qui représentait environ 0.30 % de l’APD en 2015 – ne constitue pas une priorité pour la plupart des fournisseurs d’aide au développement.Un leadership politique fort, davantage d’investissements et une action plus collective sont nécessaires si l’on veut remédier à la 'fracture des données' qui fait obstacle au développement. Avec l’avènement de la révolution technologique, les pays en développement et les donneurs ont une chance unique d’agir pour stimuler la production de données et leur utilisation au profit des citoyens. Ce rapport propose des actions prioritaires et recense les bonnes pratiques qui aideront les responsables de l’action publique et les fournisseurs d’aide au développement à combler la fracture mondiale des données, en particulier par le renforcement des systèmes statistiques dans les pays en développement. En un mot : de meilleures données pour des meilleures politiques, et une vie meilleure.
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  • 20-October-2017


    Infrastructure finance by bilateral and multilateral development partners

    Infrastructure — such as water and sanitation, transport, energy and communications — is fundamental for economic growth, poverty reduction and human development.

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