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  • 12-octobre-2017

    Français

    La mobilisation des recettes continue de s’améliorer en Afrique, d’après un nouveau rapport

    La mobilisation des ressources domestiques progresse de façon constante dans les pays africains, selon l’édition 2017 des Statistiques des recettes publiques en Afrique, diffusée ce jour à Addis-Abeba dans le cadre d’une réunion des responsables de la fiscalité et de la finance de 21 pays africains accueillie par le Département des Affaires Économiques de la Commission de l’Union africaine.

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  • 11-October-2017

    English

    Multi-Dimensional Review of Panama - Volume 1: Initial Assessment

    Since the beginning of the 21st century, Panama has exhibited remarkable economic growth and has reduced the gap in terms of income per capita with high-income countries. Social progress has also been achieved, mainly through the reduction of poverty and advances in some well-being dimensions. However, challenges remain with regard to overcoming the so-called middle-income trap and consolidating the middle-class. This first volume of the Multi-dimensional Country Review of Panama identifies the main barriers to further inclusive development. It highlights that promoting equitable, inclusive and sustainable economic growth and improving the well-being of all citizens should be at the core of Panama’s development strategies.

  • 7-octobre-2017

    Français

    L'autonomisation économique des femmes dans la région MENA - L'impact des cadres juridiques algérien, égyptien, jordanien, libyen, marocain et tunisien

    Ce rapport examine comment les dispositions légales en vigueur en Algérie, en Égypte, en Jordanie, en Libye, au Maroc et en Tunisie impactent la capacité des femmes à participer pleinement à la vie économique, que ce soit en tant qu'employées ou comme entrepreneuses. Il s’appuie sur une analyse comparative des différents droits énoncés dans les constitutions, les lois sur le statut personnel, la législation du travail, ainsi que les lois fiscales et commerciales. Le rapport reconnaît les progrès considérables accomplis – notamment dans le sillage des soulèvements de 2011 – suite à l’adoption de réformes constitutionnelles et institutionnelles visant à renforcer le statut des femmes.

    Ouvrir le champ des opportunités offertes aux femmes reste toutefois un défi pour les six pays. Le rapport suggère que ceci pourrait être dû à divers facteurs tels que : l’existence de certaines lois discriminantes en matière de genre, des contradictions entre les divers cadres juridiques, le manque de mécanismes d’application, ainsi que les entraves à l’accès au système judiciaire. Grâce à des politiques ciblées, les pays peuvent relever ces défis et contribuer à libérer le potentiel des femmes pour favoriser la croissance, la compétitivité et un développement social inclusif.

  • 29-September-2017

    English

    Reforming Sanitation in Armenia - Towards a National Strategy

    This report assesses the state of Armenia’s sanitation services, which are in poor shape, and proposes ways forward for reforming the sector by: ensuring equitable access by all and identifying solutions that work for the poorest and most remote communities; generating economies of scale and scope, and reducing both investment and operational costs for the efficient delivery of sanitation services; and moving towards sustainable cost recovery for the sanitation sector, by identifying how much funding can be mobilised from within the sector and how much external transfers are required. The state of Armenia’s sanitation services are inadequate, with 51% of the population in rural areas using unimproved facilities, causing direct damage to the environment and exposing inhabitants to health risks, and better access but degraded sewerage-system infrastructure in urban areas, posing health hazards due to potential cross-contamination between sewage and drinking water. According to preliminary estimates, EUR 2.6 billion of investments will be required to meet Armenia’s sanitation needs, with approximately EUR 1 billion needing to be spent in the next 7 to 10 years. Given the country’s current economic situation, this investment will have to be spread over time and targeted to avoid further deterioration of infrastructure and increase of the financing gap.

  • 26-September-2017

    English, PDF, 400kb

    'Green triangular co-operation - Findings from an OECD survey

    Triangular co-operation can support achieving new ‘green’ development agenda in innovative and collaborative ways - providing solutions to today’s environmental constraints to development.

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  • 25-September-2017

    English

    Water Risk Hotspots for Agriculture

    Agriculture is expected to face increasing water risks that will impact production, markets, trade and food security - risks that can be mitigated with targeted policy actions on water hotspots. This report develops the hotspot approach, provides an application at the global scale, and presents a mitigation policy action plan. The People’s Republic of China, India and the United States are identified as countries facing the greatest water risks for agriculture production globally.

    A global simulation shows that, in the absence of action, water risks in Northeast China, Northwest India and the Southwest United States in particular could have significant production, price and trade consequences. Agriculture water risks could also result in broader socio-economic and food security concerns. Farmers, agro food companies, and governments can all play a role in responding to water risks at hotspot locations. A three-tier policy action plan is proposed to confront water risk hotspots,  encompassing targeted responses, adapted national policies, strengthened market integration and international collaboration.

  • 20-September-2017

    English

    Measuring Distance to the SDG Targets: an assessment of where OECD countries stand

    The OECD Study “Measuring Distance to the SDGs Targets” updated in June 2017, has been undertaken to assist member countries with their national implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

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  • 13-September-2017

    English

    Refugees and forced displacement

    This work area covers the topic of refugees and forced displacement. Reports and papers on this page draw from evaluation findings from the DAC Network on Development Evaluation members. Evaluations of strategy and programming in many refugee contexts bring to light complex realities that are faced on the ground in countries of origin, transit and destination.

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  • 6-September-2017

    English

    OECD participation at the United Nations General Assembly 2017

    From 12 to 29 September 2017, the OECD will take an active part in the 72nd Session of the General Assembly Of The United Nations. We look forward to engaging with members and partners on the rolling out of Agenda 2030.

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  • 30-August-2017

    English

    Amounts Mobilised from the Private Sector by Official Development Finance Interventions

    The 2016 survey shows that, in 2012-15, USD 81.1 billion was mobilised from the private sector by official development finance interventions in form of guarantees, syndicated loans, shares in collective investment vehicles (CIVs), credit lines and direct investment in companies.

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