By Date


  • 27-September-2016

    English

    OECD Investment Policy Reviews: Ukraine 2016

    Ukraine’s post-Maidan authorities have embarked upon an ambitious reform programme to improve the country’s framework for investment and strengthen the country as an attractive investment destination. This review, which was prepared in close cooperation with the Ukrainian authorities in response to their 2011 request to adhere to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises (OECD Declaration), analyses the general investment framework as well as recent reform, and shows where further efforts are necessary. It assesses Ukraine’s ability to comply with the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination and its policy convergence with international investment standards such as the OECD Declaration. In light of the recently updated OECD Policy Framework for Investment, it also studies other areas such as investment promotion and facilitation, infrastructure development; financial sector development and responsible business conduct practices. In the scarcely two years since a new attempt at economic reforms was launched in earnest, Ukraine has made quite important progress in introducing a modern legal framework for investment. But additional efforts are required in some policy areas to reaffirm Ukraine’s attractiveness for investors.
     

  • 26-September-2016

    English

    Taxing Wages in Latin America and the Caribbean 2016

    This new high profile report provides details of taxes paid on wages in twenty economies in Latin America and the Caribbean.  It covers: personal income taxes and social security contributions paid by employees; social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by employers; cash benefits received by in-work families.

    It illustrates how these taxes and benefits are calculated in each member country and examines how they impact on household incomes. The results also enable quantitative cross-country comparisons of labour cost levels and the overall tax and benefit position of single persons and families on different levels of earnings.

    The publication shows the amounts of taxes and social security contributions levied and cash benefits received for eight different family types which vary by a combination of household composition and household type.  It also presents the resulting average and marginal tax rates (i.e. the tax burden). Average tax rates show that part of gross wage earnings or total labour costs which is taken in tax and social security contributions (both before and after cash benefits). Marginal tax rates show the part of a small increase of gross earnings or total labour costs that is paid in these levies.

    The data presented can be used in academic research and to analyse tax, social and economic policies in Latin America and the Caribbean.

  • 26-septembre-2016

    Français

    Amérique latine et Caraïbes : Le faible niveau des impôts sur le revenu des personnes physiques conduit à des prélèvements sur salaires inférieurs à ceux de la zone OCDE

    La charge fiscale pesant sur les revenus du travailleur moyen dans les pays d’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes atteignait 21,7 % du coût total du travail en 2013, soit un tiers de moins que dans les pays de l’OCDE, où la moyenne s’établissait à 35,9 %, selon la première édition des Impôts sur les salaires en Amérique latine et dans les Caraïbes.

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  • 26-September-2016

    English

    Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Turkey

    Productivity growth in the Turkish agricultural sector is supported today by better technologies, crop varieties and animal breeds. Yet improvements have slowed since the late 2000s, and the productivity gap between agriculture and the rest of the economy remains large. To overcome these challenges, Turkey will need to reduce the substantial technological and human resource disparities between small-holder and commercial segments in agriculture, and ensure more equal regional development. Considerable structural adjustment is also required, both within agriculture and in the overall economy, supported by broad policy actions in the areas of labour, education, social security systems, and land reform. Important efforts have been made to boost national innovation systems, but there remains considerable catch up in terms of the quality and impact of R&D.

     

  • 22-September-2016

    English

    Briefing on "States of Fragility 2016"

    As we strengthen our resolve to address the refugee crisis, the focus on providing short-term assistance, and medium-term resettlement options must not distract us from working on the longer-term issues at the heart of what drives these people from their homes in the first place: fear, conflict, and violence.

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  • 20-September-2016

    English

    Extended Producer Responsibility - Updated Guidance for Efficient Waste Management

    This report updates the 2001 Guidance Manual for Governments on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR), which provided a broad overview of the key issues, general considerations, and the potential benefits and costs associated with producer responsibility for managing the waste generated by their products put on the market. Since then, EPR policies to help improve recycling and reduce landfilling have been widely adopted in most OECD countries; product coverage has been expanded in key sectors such as packaging, electronics, batteries and vehicles; and EPR schemes are spreading in emerging economies in Asia, Africa and South America, making it relevant to address the differing policy contexts in developing countries.
     
    In light of all of the changes in the broader global context, this updated review of the guidelines looks at some of the new design and implementation challenges and opportunities of EPR policies, takes into account recent efforts undertaken by governments to better assess the cost and environmental effectiveness of EPR and its overall impact on the market, and addresses some of the specific issues in emerging market economies.

  • 18-September-2016

    English

    Remarks at OECD-UN Habitat event on Africa: The New Urban Agenda

    The size of Africa’s urban population almost doubled in the last decade, growing from 237 million in 1995 to 472 million in 2015. We expect that it will almost double again by 2035. Already by 2020, Africa will have the second highest number of urban dwellers in the world after Asia.

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  • 18-September-2016

    English

    Leveraging the SDGs: Delivering access to justice for all

    The Sustainable Development Goals give us a unique opportunity. The road to 2030 might be a long one, but the OECD will be there every step of the way. It is in this spirit that the OECD and OSF invited you here tonight: together we will look to develop the measures, uncover the evidence, and identify the policies that will deliver better access to justice.

  • 15-September-2016

    English

    Public Sector Governance and Institutions

    The OECD brings together public sector governance experts from developing as well as developed countries to shape international policy debates on these issues and to support innovation at country level.

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  • 15-September-2016

    English

    Economic and Financial Crime

    Economic and Financial Crime

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