By Date


  • 30-September-2016

    English

    Reforming Economic Instruments for Water Resources Management in Kyrgyzstan

    This report presents recommendations on the reform of economic instruments for water resources management in Kyrgyzstan, specifically on tariffs for urban water supply and sanitation (WSS) and irrigation water, pollution charges, surface water abstraction charges for enterprises (consumptive and non-consumptive uses), specific land tax rates for the Issyk-Kul biosphere reserve, as well as taxes and customs duty on products contributing to water pollution. For each instrument, alternative reform options are identified and assessed, and preferred options put forward, with an action plan.

  • 20-September-2016

    English

    Extended Producer Responsibility - Updated Guidance for Efficient Waste Management

    This report updates the 2001 Guidance Manual for Governments on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR), which provided a broad overview of the key issues, general considerations, and the potential benefits and costs associated with producer responsibility for managing the waste generated by their products put on the market. Since then, EPR policies to help improve recycling and reduce landfilling have been widely adopted in most OECD countries; product coverage has been expanded in key sectors such as packaging, electronics, batteries and vehicles; and EPR schemes are spreading in emerging economies in Asia, Africa and South America, making it relevant to address the differing policy contexts in developing countries.
     
    In light of all of the changes in the broader global context, this updated review of the guidelines looks at some of the new design and implementation challenges and opportunities of EPR policies, takes into account recent efforts undertaken by governments to better assess the cost and environmental effectiveness of EPR and its overall impact on the market, and addresses some of the specific issues in emerging market economies.

  • 15-September-2016

    English

    Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Turkey

    Productivity growth in the Turkish agricultural sector is supported today by better technologies, crop varieties and animal breeds. Yet improvements have slowed since the late 2000s, and the productivity gap between agriculture and the rest of the economy remains large. To overcome these challenges, Turkey will need to reduce the substantial technological and human resource disparities between small-holder and commercial segments in agriculture, and ensure more equal regional development. Considerable structural adjustment is also required, both within agriculture and in the overall economy, supported by broad policy actions in the areas of labour, education, social security systems, and land reform. Important efforts have been made to boost national innovation systems, but there remains considerable catch up in terms of the quality and impact of R&D.

     

  • 15-September-2016

    English

    OECD Investment Policy Reviews: Ukraine 2016

    Ukraine’s post-Maidan authorities have embarked upon an ambitious reform programme to improve the country’s framework for investment and strengthen the country as an attractive investment destination. This review, which was prepared in close cooperation with the Ukrainian authorities in response to their 2011 request to adhere to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises (OECD Declaration), analyses the general investment framework as well as recent reform, and shows where further efforts are necessary. It assesses Ukraine’s ability to comply with the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination and its policy convergence with international investment standards such as the OECD Declaration. In light of the recently updated OECD Policy Framework for Investment, it also studies other areas such as investment promotion and facilitation, infrastructure development; financial sector development and responsible business conduct practices. In the scarcely two years since a new attempt at economic reforms was launched in earnest, Ukraine has made quite important progress in introducing a modern legal framework for investment. But additional efforts are required in some policy areas to reaffirm Ukraine’s attractiveness for investors.
     

  • 9-September-2016

    English

    Climate Finance in 2013-14 and the USD 100 billion Goal - A Report by the OECD in Collaboration with Climate Policy Initiative

    In 2009 developed countries committed to jointly mobilise USD 100 billion a year in climate finance by 2020 for climate action in developing countries. This report provides a status check on the level of climate finance mobilised by developed countries in 2013 and 2014, five years after this initial commitment was made at COP15 in Copenhagen. It shows that there has been significant progress in meeting this goal.

    The report aims to be transparent and rigorous in its assessment of the available data and underlying assumptions and methodologies, within the constraints of an aggregate reporting exercise. While methodological approaches and data collection efforts to support estimates such as this one are improving, there nevertheless remains significant work to be done to arrive at more complete and accurate estimates in the future.

  • 12-août-2016

    Français

    Coopération pour le développement 2016 - Investir dans les Objectifs de développement durable, choisir l'avenir

    Le paysage du développement a changé, tout comme les multiples parties prenantes concernées – et impliquées – dans ce qui est de plus en plus considéré comme des préoccupations de dimension mondiale et interdépendantes. En même temps, il est impératif de mobiliser au plus vite des ressources d’une ampleur sans précédent pour atteindre les ambitieux Objectifs de développement durable (ODD). Le secteur privé peut être un puissant promoteur du développement durable. Les entreprises sont pourvoyeuses, entre autres, d’emplois, d’infrastructures, d’innovation et de services sociaux.  Les investissements dans les pays en développement – y compris dans les pays les moins avancés – sont perçus comme des opportunités économiques, en dépit des risques qui y sont associés. Le secteur public peut optimiser la contribution du secteur privé, en participant à la gestion du risque et en apportant des éclairages mis au service de politiques et de pratiques efficaces. Pourtant, pour définir les incitations appropriées, il est indispensable de mieux comprendre quels sont les facteurs propices, mais aussi les contraintes, que rencontrent les entreprises et les investisseurs qui souhaitent relever les défis du développement durable.
    Le rapport Coopération pour le développement 2016 étudie les possibilités et les défis que présente l’investissement dans les pays en développement, en particulier l’investissement à impact social, le financement mixte et l’investissement direct étranger. Le rapport donne des orientations sur la conduite responsable des entreprises et décrit les difficultés associées à la mobilisation et à la mesure du financement privé à l’appui de la réalisation des ODD. Tout au long du rapport, des exemples concrets viennent illustrer comment les entreprises promeuvent déjà le développement durable et la croissance inclusive dans les pays en développement. La Partie II du rapport met en relief les profils et la performance des apporteurs de coopération pour le développement, et présente les statistiques du CAD sur les apports de ressources, publics et privés.

  • 31-July-2016

    English

    Corruption in the Extractive Value Chain - Typology of Risks, Mitigation Measures and Incentives

    One case of transnational corruption out of five occurs in the extractive sector according to the 2014 OECD Foreign Bribery Report. In this area, corruption has become increasingly complex and sophisticated affecting each stage of the extractive value chain with potential huge revenue losses for the public coffers. This report is intended to help policy makers, law enforcement officials and stakeholders strengthen prevention efforts at both the public and private levels, through improved understanding and enhanced awareness of corruption risk and mechanisms. It will help better tailoring responses to evolving corruption patterns and effectively countering adaptive strategies. The report also offers options to put a cost on corruption to make it less attractive at both the public and private levels.

  • 30-juillet-2016

    Français

    Stratégies collaboratives pour la création de valeur partagée au niveau du pays - Cadre pour les projets extractifs

    Ce Cadre est un outil opérationnel donnant des orientations pratiques pour tirer meilleur parti du développement des ressources naturelles non renouvelables dans le but d’édifier, d’une manière évolutive, des économies compétitives, diversifiées et durables. Il constitue un guide sur la façon dont les gouvernements hôtes, les industries extractives et la société civile peuvent œuvrer de concert, de manière systématique et structurée, pour permettre la création de valeur partagée au niveau du pays et appuyer la mise en œuvre du Programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030. Le Cadre dépasse les frontières sectorielles et expose des stratégies propres à éclairer une élaboration des politiques plus intégrée, cohérente et efficace. Il suggère également des mécanismes de suivi et d’évaluation afin de mesurer progrès et impacts au fil du temps. Destiné aux gouvernements, à l’industrie et à la société civile, il articule les rôles respectifs afin d’améliorer la collaboration, le respect et la responsabilité mutuels.

  • 22-juillet-2016

    Français

    Le Danemark est un donneur de premier plan mais les coupes budgétaires et les coûts des réfugiés sont sources de risques

    Le Danemark est depuis longtemps un apporteur d’aide au développement généreux, en particulier pour les pays les plus démunis, et il a la réputation de fournir un soutien souple et de grande qualité. Cependant, selon un nouveau rapport que lui consacre l’OCDE, la réduction du budget de l’aide et l’augmentation rapide des coûts des réfugiés constituent pour ce pays d’importants défis.

    Documents connexes
  • 22-July-2016

    English

    OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Denmark 2016

    The OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.

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