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  • 21-April-2020

    English

    Multi-dimensional Review of Viet Nam - Towards an Integrated, Transparent and Sustainable Economy

    Since the launch of the Ðổi Mới economic reforms in 1986, Viet Nam has achieved tremendous economic and social progress. Today, it is well integrated on global markets, has enjoyed robust growth, and has seen remarkable poverty reduction. With its recent successful fiscal consolidation, its attractiveness as a trading destination and rapidly growing domestic middle class, Viet Nam faces a window of opportunity for its transition to an inclusive market economy. Three guiderails should form the basis of this strategy: integration, transparency and sustainability. Better integration between state-owned enterprises, foreign investors and domestic private companies in open markets will be key to future performance gains. Partnerships between universities and enterprises would also help upgrade skills and create innovation, thereby making the integration durable. Transparency and performance of government are prerequisites for trust and a key lever to enhance efficiency and productivity in most areas of the state and the economy. A more sustainable development path will need better management of water, air and energy to address climate change. Reforms of the social security system can also ensure that no one is left behind, especially in the face of a fast ageing population.
  • 20-April-2020

    English

    Common Ground Between the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework

    Countries are faced with the growing challenge of managing increasing risks from climate change and climate variability, putting development and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals at risk. The adoption in 2015 of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction and the Paris Agreement on climate change provides a clear mandate for a co-ordinated approach to climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction. While both frameworks refer to their respective objectives and mandates, together they guide progress towards a more sustainable, resilient and equitable future.Countries increasingly recognise the benefits of a coherent approach, exemplified by the number of countries that either have developed joint strategies or put in place processes that facilitate co-ordination between the two policy areas. Informed by the country approaches of Ghana, Peru and the Philippines, in addition to a review of relevant literature, this report examines the potential for a more coherent approach to climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction across levels of government and sectors. It puts forward a set of recommendations primarily targeting government officials in the three case study countries, but with implications for other countries and providers of development co-operation.
  • 17-April-2020

    English

    Rural Development Strategy Review of Ethiopia - Reaping the Benefits of Urbanisation

    Addressing rural development is key for Ethiopia’s growth process. A series of government-led structural reforms have contributed to sustained growth in the country over the last two decades as well as to considerable poverty reduction in rural areas. However, Ethiopia faces critical challenges it will need to overcome to meet the needs of a growing rural population. In practice, this will require updating the existing rural development strategy in order to better integrate the interaction of rural and urban areas. Policy approaches that account for the fast urbanisation process experienced in the country will therefore be key to improving the well-being of rural populations and promoting national growth.This report takes a spatial approach to study Ethiopia’s rural development strategies. It highlights the need to develop stronger and more functional linkages between rural and urban areas. As such, the development of intermediary cities and small urban centres provides large scope for inclusive rural transformation. The report is the result of rigorous analysis, and extensive consultations with national and international stakeholders. It identifies some of the key challenges faced by rural areas and provides a series of recommendations to enhance Ethiopia’s rural development strategies.
  • 24-mars-2020

    Français

    Accélérer l’action pour le climat - Remettre le bien-être des personnes au centre des politiques publiques

    Dans ce rapport, nous nous appuyons sur le cadre du bien-être de l’OCDE pour adopter une nouvelle approche qui consiste à analyser les synergies et les divergences entre la lutte contre le changement climatique et des objectifs plus généraux comme la santé, l’éducation et l’emploi, de même que la qualité de l’environnement plus généralement et la préservation des ressources nécessaires à notre subsistance. Il étudie sous l’angle de l’économie politique les transitions nécessaires vers un avenir bas carbone au sein de cinq secteurs économiques aujourd’hui responsables de plus de 60% des émissions mondiales de gaz à effet de serre (électricité, industrie lourde, logements, transports terrestres et agriculture). Il existe des synergies entre la réduction des émissions et des objectifs plus généraux de bien-être, comme la diminution de la pollution de l’air et l’amélioration de la santé, qui renforcent l’incitation à agir en faveur du climat sans attendre. Cependant, il faut également tenir compte de l’impact potentiellement négatif des politiques climatiques, notamment sur le poids des dépenses d’énergie pour les ménages et l’emploi afin de contrer la montée des inégalités économiques et sociales au sein des pays et entre ces derniers. Le rapport explique pourquoi il est nécessaire de remettre le bien-être au centre des politiques climatiques pour rendre visibles les synergies et les divergences entre les différents objectifs sociaux, afin de permettre aux décideurs de renforcer les premières et d’anticiper, de gérer et d’atténuer les secondes. Pour cela, il s’agit de repenser nos objectifs sociaux sous l’angle du bien-être, de reconsidérer la façon de mesurer les progrès et de recentrer l’élaboration des politiques en conséquence.La publication complète paraîtra en 2020.
  • 19-March-2020

    English

    Climate Change: OECD DAC External Development Finance Statistics

    The OECD DAC measures and monitors development finance targeting climate change objectives using two Rio markers: Climate Change Mitigation and Climate Change Adaptation.

  • 17-March-2020

    English

    SME Policy Index: Eastern Partner Countries 2020 - Assessing the Implementation of the Small Business Act for Europe

    The SME Policy Index: Eastern Partner Countries 2020 – Assessing the Implementation of the Small Business Act for Europe is a unique benchmarking tool to assess and monitor progress in the design and implementation of SME policies against EU and international best practice. It is structured around the ten principles of the Small Business Act for Europe (SBA), which provide a wide range of pro-enterprise measures to guide the design and implementation of SME policies. This report marks the third edition in this series, following assessments in 2012 and 2016. It provides a comprehensive overview of the state of play in the implementation of the ten SBA principles, and monitors progress made since 2016. It also identifies remaining challenges affecting SMEs in the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries and provides recommendations to address them based on EU and international good practice examples. The 2020 edition also features a novelty: An assessment of three new dimensions going beyond core SME policy (competition, contract enforcement and business integrity) looking at key structural reform priorities that are critical to establishing a level playing field for enterprises of all sizes and ownership types.
  • 9-March-2020

    English

    Aid at a glance charts

    These ready-made tables and charts provide for snapshot of aid (Official Development Assistance) for all DAC Members as well as recipient countries and territories. Summary reports by regions (Africa, America, Asia, Europe, Oceania) and the world are also available.

    Related Documents
  • 27-February-2020

    English

    OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Austria 2020

    The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined once every five to six years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation activities of the member under review and its approach to fragility, crisis and humanitarian assistance.Austria prioritises its multilateral engagement, advocates actively on global challenges such as security and environmental sustainability, and demonstrates regional leadership. The Austrian Development Agency is delivering quality development assistance to Austria’s priority partner countries but is responsible for only a small share of Austria’s total official development assistance (ODA) effort. In the absence of a single, overarching policy vision, Austria’s ODA remains fragmented. This review looks at the opportunities for Austria to achieve a more co-ordinated and coherent whole-of-government approach. It also emphasises the need for Austria to develop a plan to increase its aid budget in line with its commitment to allocate 0.7% of its gross national income to ODA.
  • 27-February-2020

    English

    Systemic Thinking for Policy Making - The Potential of Systems Analysis for Addressing Global Policy Challenges in the 21st Century

    We live in a period of profound systemic change, and as in similar periods in the past, there is bound to be considerable instability and uncertainty before the new society and economy take shape. We have to identify actions that will shape change for the better, and help to build resilience to the inevitable shocks inherent in, and generated by, the complex system of systems constituted by the economy, society and the environment. These challenges require updating the way policies are devised and implemented, and developing more realistic tools and techniques to design those policies on the basis of appropriate data. In Systemic Thinking for Policy Making world experts from the OECD and International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) pool their expertise and experience to propose new approaches to analysing the interconnected trends and issues shaping today’s and tomorrow’s world. The authors argue that to tackle planetary emergencies linked to the environment, the economy and socio-political systems, we have to understand their systemic properties, such as tipping points, interconnectedness and resilience. They give the reader a precise introduction to the tools and techniques needed to do so, and offer hope that we can overcome the challenges the world is facing.
  • 18-février-2020

    Français

    Statistiques sur les apports de ressources aux pays en développement

    Ces statistiques de l'OCDE montrent le volume et la destination de l'aide fournie par les gouvernements des pays donneurs. Quelle part de l'aide va aux pays les plus pauvres ? Quel part aux organisations multilatérales comme les Nations Unies ? Quels secteurs reçoivent le plus d'aide - les infrastructures économiques ou les programmes sociaux ? Ces statistiques montrent les premiers signes de l'augmentation de l'aide récemment promise

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