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There is no unique model of reform for infrastructure that is applicable to all countries. Fixed-line privatisation has often failed due to weak economic and institutional endowments. Governments and IFIs should consider alternative options to privatisation to increase fixed-line performance.
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NICs (Chinese Taipei; Hong Kong, China; Korea and Singapore) have been successful in attaining income convergence with high-income countries while Latin American countries remain caught in the Middle-Income Trap.
La discrimination légale et sociale envers les femmes demeure un obstacle majeur au développement économique dans les pays émergents et en développement, d’après la dernière édition de l’Index sur les Institutions Sociales et l’Égalité homme-femme (SIGI par ses sigles en anglais) de l’OCDE.
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This document sets out a summary of the 2012 SIGI framework and methodology, the overall rankings for 2012, analysis for each region and an overview of how the SIGI can be used.
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Social and legal discrimination against women remains a major obstacle to economic development in emerging and developing countries, according to the latest edition of OECD’s Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI).
This book contributes to the current debate on international migration by focusing on three elements in the standard policy dialogue: the regulation of migration flows, the integration of immigrants, in particular in developing countries, and the impact of labour mobility on development.
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Although South-South migrants face much of the same discrimination and integration challenges as their South-North counterparts, South-South flows need to be analysed from a different standpoint.
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Rapid and sustained economic growth in the emerging world has brought new members into the group of middle-income countries. Reaching this level of income has historically presented countries with new challenges, resulting in slowing growth and an entrapment in 'the middle-income trap'.
CALL FOR PAPERS: 7th IZA/World Bank Conference - Employment and Development
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Although South-South migrants face much of the same discrimination and integration challenges as their South-North counterparts, South-South flows need to be analysed from a different standpoint. An investigation of immigrant experience in West Africa, with particular focus on Ghana, shows that most governments neglect integration issues, generating costs for immigrants and their families, and for host communities