Centre de développement

Development Centre Newsletter - January - February 2016

 

Country focus: Côte d'Ivoire and Kazakhstan

The Multi-dimensional Country Review of Côte d'Ivoire was released in December. It shows that structural reforms are needed to make the economic growth inclusive and long-lasting. Creating jobs for the country’s large young population is a key challenge for policy makers as well as building a workforce that corresponds better to the needs of businesses. Côte d’Ivoire has a wealth of natural resources which represent key opportunities for growth in many dimensions particularly through the development of global value chains.


The Multi-dimensional Country Review of Kazakhstan was released on 20 January. It shows that to sustain rapid, inclusive and sustainable growth and social progress, Kazakhstan will need to overcome a number of significant challenges. Natural-resource dependency, the concentration of economic clout and a fragile and under-developed financial sector limit diversification and economic dynamism. More generally, the state has limited capacity to fulfil some of its functions, which affects the delivery of public services like healthcare and education, as well as the protection of the environment and the generation of skills.

Global and regional challenges

International migration in a shifting world

The global world stock of individuals living in a country other than the one in which they were born increased by 60% between 1990 and 2015. In an increasingly interdependent and fast changing world, the nature of migration in developing countries is changing. In 2015, 54% of total migrants were born in a developing country and were living in a developed country, up from 36% in 1990. At the same time developing countries are also struggling to deal with immigration from other developing countries and the educational attainment of those migrants has also increased. The evolution of global migration calls for innovative policies in order to deal with these new challenges. The expert meeting on 25-26 January discussed the main challenges raised by international migration in preparation for the next Perspectives on Global Development report on international migration in a shifting world that will be launched in autumn 2016.


Seizing Africa’s “urban dividend”

Africa’s diverse urban transitions offer new opportunities for achieving the SDGs - in particular SDG11 on sustainable cities and communities- and the AU’s Agenda 2063; but for that “urban dividend” to be seized, a number of radical policy shifts are required. The AEO 2016, to be launched at the AfDB Annual meetings (Lusaka, May 2016), will inform the ongoing international dialogue on urbanisation ahead of the Habitat III conference (Quito, October 2016) and the Africa Forum (Paris, Fall 2016).


Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India

Energy challenges in emerging Asia are becoming a key issue. Discussions during the expert meeting on the Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India highlighted the need to reflect the region’s energy challenges with regard to questions of access to energy and the inclusiveness of policies already in place. To this end, regional connectivity will be paramount. However, the global economic context also matters: participants agreed on the need to address the effects of US monetary normalisation, China’s slowing growth and policies for capital flow management in the 2017 edition of the Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India.

Latin America's partnership with China

Upon invitation of the German Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development, Mario Pezzini (OECD Development Centre) and Alicia Barcena (UN Economic Commission for Latin America) presented the Latin American Economic Outlook 2016 in Berlin. Pezzini stressed that Latin America’s partnership with China needs to be contextualised: “The world’s economic centre of gravity has shifted away from OECD economies towards emerging economies during the past two decades, a phenomenon called “shifting wealth” and China has been a crucial driving force which strongly supported Latin America’s development through its appetite in commodities”.

This is a crucial moment for the region, heavily struggling with sluggish growth rates, high inequalities and several countries’ dependence from commodity exports. This new momentum of China-Latin America relations challenges Latin America to adopt specific reforms to boost inclusive growth and build a mutually beneficial partnership with China.

 
 
 
January / February

• Country focus: Côte d'Ivoire and Kazakhstan

• Global and regional challenges

• Latin America's partnership with China

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Events

• Paris, 9-10/03/2016

netFWD Annual Meeting 2016 followed by Award Ceremony of the DAC Prize for Taking Development Innovation to Scale and
netFWD workshop on 2030 Agenda: Partnering with Philanthropy for Impact

 

• Paris, 9/03/2016

High-level International Women’s Day event "Agenda 2030: Gender equality, social norms and inclusive societies"

 

• Paris, 31/03/2016

Global Forum on Development (#OECDgfd) 2016

 

• Addis Ababa, 3/04/2016

Launch of the Revenue Statistics in Africa

 

Did you know?

53% of LATAM exports to China are commodities, while technology manufactures is only 7%

…that the UN books & journals are now available on the OECD’s iLibrary?

Development Posts

By Ángel Melguizo and Nora Lustig
How middle class are middle-income households in Latin America?

By Sam Parker
How will the world raise the $4 trillion needed to pay for the SDGs and can philanthropy help?

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Read more on our ongoing projects:

- Social Institutions and Gender Index

- Policy Dialogue on Natural Resource-based Development

- OECD Initiative on Global Value Chains, Production Transformation and Development

- OECD Multi-dimensional Country Reviews

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