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Après une décennie de croissance relativement soutenue, l’Amérique latine aborde une zone de turbulences sur fond de fléchissement des échanges, de modération du prix des matières premières et d’incertitude croissante liée à l’environnement financier extérieur, selon la dernière édition des Perspectives économiques de l’Amérique latine.
The global scenario is less benign for the region due to a downturn in global trade, a decline in commodity prices and increased uncertainty surrounding external financing, says the new Latin American Economic Outlook.
The OECD will present the eighth edition of the “Latin American Economic Outlook: Logistics and competitiveness for development” on Friday 18 October at 5:00 p.m, in Panama City. This year’s report focuses on how the region can enhance its logistics performance and makes policy recommendations on strengthening trade links, diversifying into higher value-added industries and optimising competitiveness.
English, PDF, 1,460kb
This working paper contributes to the debate around the financing of higher education and calls for a fair distribution of the costs of higher education between the private sector (including students and their families) and the public sector, allocated according to the ratio of private and public benefits and externalities that it generates.
Start-ups are gaining momentum in Latin America's innovation strategies. Start-up Latin America: Promoting Innovation in the Region analyses the role of policies in promoting the creation and expansion of start-ups. It provides a comparative snapshot of recent initiatives in six countries in the region to identify good practices and foster knowledge sharing to improve innovation policy design and implementation.
English, PDF, 2,442kb
Fiscal policy plays an essential role in reducing income inequality in OECD countries while this effect tends to be lower in Latin American economies. This paper adds to the discussion by looking at the issue from a tax-benefit analysis perspective; namely by estimating the impact of the welfare system on the different income groups in Chile and Mexico.
La cinquième édition du Forum, qui aura lieu le 31 mai 2013 à Paris, posera la question de comment les gouvernements peuvent engager des réformes en faveur d’une compétitivité améliorée, en particulier à travers l’inclusion des PMEs dans une structure productive et économique.
English, PDF, 1,886kb
This paper reviews road concession programmes in Chile, Colombia and Peru over the period 1993-2010 and analyses how their shortcomings have resulted in large extra fiscal costs. Weak State institutions, unclear legislation and deficient contract design have allowed for frequent and costly renegotiation of road concessions.
English, PDF, 2,223kb
This joint work by the OECD Development Centre and Fedesarrollo focuses on the policy making process of transport infrastructure in Colombia for the period 2002-10. It identifies the main bottlenecks to be improved in the implementation of public policies in the main phases of the transport infrastructure policy cycle, namely planning, budgeting, execution (i.e. new investment and maintenance), and monitoring and evaluation.
English, PDF, 34,679kb
Latin American Outlook 2013 in Chinese