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The globalisation of business means cartel activity is increasingly international in scope. Investigating international cartels poses many challenges to competition authorities in both developing and developed economies, highlighting the importance of increased co-operation on both procedural and substantive issues.
Participants in this multi-stakeholder meeting took stock of how using the OECD Due Diligence Guidance assists companies to respect human rights and avoid contributing to conflict through their mineral or metal purchasing decisions and practices.
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Competition authorities and courts are often called upon to quantify the harm to competition or the damages suffered by private parties due to anti-competitive conduct. Am OECD discussion revealed that competition agencies mainly agree on the quantitative methods used to measure harm while there is some disagreement about whether quantification is useful for competition agencies. This document compiles the documents of this discussion.
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This report concludes that actual application of bail-ins, involving bondholders in loss sharing, could effectively reign in perceptions of implicit guarantees for bank debt. However, bail-ins are rare owing to concerns about contagion risks and depositor and investor protection, so implicit guarantees persist.
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Since 2008 prices of primary commodities have increased significantly. This has led to calls for competition authorities to be more vigilant regarding anti-competitive practices and to deal with pressure from politicians and the media especially when basic foodstuffs are involved. This document includes the proceedings of a discussion on Commodity Price Volatility held during the OECD Global Forum on Competition in 2012.
07/11/12 - the OECD and the International Coordinating Committee of National Human Rights Institutions concluded a Memorandum of Understanding to promote respect by multinational enterprises of the new human rights chapter of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and the UN Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights upon which the OECD Guidelines are based.
This methodological framework is intended to help governments develop more effective disaster risk management strategies, particularly financial strategies, building on strengthened risk assessment and risk financing.
G20 Finance Ministers have welcomed a new OECD/G20 framework designed to help governments develop financial strategies for disaster risk management.
Focusing on the OECD's contribution to the G20 on financial consumer protection and education, Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, provided the keynote address for a conference on "Financial Regulation and Innovation in Emerging Markets and Developing Economies," aimed at identifying policy alternatives that would foster economic growth while enhancing financial inclusion levels.
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This report covers investment measures taken between 1 March and 15 September 2012. Information presented in this report has also been used for two joint reports by WTO, OECD and UNCTAD, released on 31 May and 31 October 2012, respectively, in response to the G20 Leaders' request of 2 April 2009 for quarterly public reporting on their adherence to their trade and investment policy commitments.