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Buyer power is concerned with how downstream firms can affect the terms of trade with upstream suppliers. There are two types of buyer power: monopsony power and bargaining power. The welfare implications, and therefore the appropriate enforcement policies, of the two types of buyer power are very different. Both result in lower input prices, but the exercise of monopsony power usually results in higher prices downstream.
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Different definitions have been employed in order to capture different aspects of the informal economy. It often comprises a substantial share of GDP in many developing countries. Many researchers are concerned that informal firms negatively impact an economy because they are typically less productive than formal firms. Informal firms which fail to comply with various economic regulations or which fail to meet their tax obligations
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It is often said that competition policy protects competition, not individual competitors. Policies that support this concept promote consumer welfare, choice and efficiency. How sharply does industrial policy conflict with this? Industrial policy creates or favours national champions; yet it purports to have the same goals and produce many of the same benefits for the market. This roundtable examined the tensions and interesting
OECD Deputy Secretary-General Richard Boucher and the United Kingdom’s Secretary of Justice the Rt Hon Jack Straw MP and UK Permanent Representative to the OECD Dominic Martin talked about the challenges of tackling bribery at a conference in Chatham House
Le Groupe de travail de l’OCDE sur la corruption a sévèrement critiqué l’échec de la République Slovaque à mettre sa loi anti-corruption sur la responsabilité des entreprises en conformité avec ses obligations internationales en vertu de la Convention anti-corruption de l’OCDE.
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Rapport de suivi sur la mise en oeuvre par Portugal des recommandations au titre de la Phase 2 sur l'application de la Convention de l'OCDE sur la lutte contre la corruption et de la Recommandation révisée de 1997.
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Contagion risk and counterparty failure have been the main hallmarks of the current crisis. While some large diversified banks that focused mainly on commercial banking survived very well, others suffered crippling losses. Sound corporate governance and strong risk-management culture should enable banks to avoid excessive leverage and risk taking. The question is whether there is a better way, via leverage rules or rules on the
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This note explores various regulatory issues related to financial innovation. It starts from a premise that financial innovations are neither always helpful (or benign) nor always threatening. Innovations have the potential to provide for a more efficient allocation of resources and thereby a higher level of capital productivity and economic growth. Many financial innovations have had this effect. But others have not. Examples of the
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La structure et le fonctionnement des systèmes financiers ont profondément évolué ces deux dernières décennies, sous l’effet d’améliorations spectaculaires dans les domaines suivants : les technologies, l’innovation de produit, l’intégration, la concurrence et les réformes concernant les politiques, la réglementation et les échanges internationaux. Le Cadre d’action publique est un outil qui peut appuyer les efforts déployés
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This paper discusses the financial systems of OECD Enhanced Engagement Countries (EE5: Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, and South Africa). Rather than providing a comprehensive survey of each financial system, it is designed to highlight some of the salient features of EE5 financial systems, emphasising those aspects of the system that these countries have in common and those that are different from those in OECD countries. While