OECD countries have made significant reform progress in recent decades, in fields as diverse as competition policy, health care and the environment. How have they done it? And why have reforms advanced in some places and stalled in others? This collection of essays analyses the reform experiences of the 30 OECD countries in nine major policy domains in order to identify lessons, pitfalls and strategies that may help foster policy reform in the future. While taking full account of the tremendous differences in the political and institutional settings in which these reforms were undertaken, the authors highlight a number of common challenges and potential solutions that hold good across both countries and issue areas. They show that the scope for cross-national policy learning is enormous.
The importance of such reform lessons is all the greater in the wake of the global financial and economic crisis. As OECD governments confront the challenge of trying to restore public finances to health without undermining the recovery, they will need to pursue a careful mix of fiscal policies and growth-enhancing structural reforms. Designing, adopting and implementing such a policy mix will require the crafting of effective reforms and effective strategies for implementing them.
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In previous studies, the OECD has identified the main hallmarks of the crisis as too-big-to-fail institutions that took on too much risk, insolvency resulting from contagion and counterparty risk, the lack of regulatory and supervisory integration, and the lack of efficient resolution regimes. This article looks at how the Basel III proposals address these issues, helping to reduce the chance of another crisis like the current one.
This meeting focused on the preparation of a stock-taking report to review the corporate governance progress and remaining challenges in 13 Asian Economies since 2003 as well as a scoping paper to assess priorities for future Asian Roundtables.
This meeting focused on progress in implementing regional policy recommendations, an in-depth review of the country experiences of Malaysia and Korea and SOE-related issues of current relevance to the Asian region.
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This report presents the results of a fact finding survey on how governments seek to establish the identity of foreign investors, with a particular focus on transsectoral, security-related investment reviews. It was prepared for the OECD Freedom of Investment Roundtable to facilitate discussion of the issues by Roundtable participants.
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Cross-border investment in agricultural production and farmland is not a new phenomenon, but it is growing in importance. This report reviews international initiatives for promoting responsible investment in agriculture and explores what contribution, if any, OECD investment instruments could make to these initiatives. This paper was commissioned for the OECD Freedom of Investment Roundtable to facilitate discussion of the issues by
This working paper provides an overview of recent developments in investment treaty practice with regard to the protection of intellectual property rights (IPRs).
This report reviews Brazil's competition policy system and highlights what more could be done to implement the structural changes envisaged in the proposed revisions to Brazil’s competition law.
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This review assesses how the country deals with competition and regulatory issues, from the soundness of its competition law to the structure and effectiveness of its competition institutions.
Organised in Johannesburg, South Africa, on 5-7 May 2010, this workshop provide an opportunity for African countries to discuss practical market-infrastructure issues which are of major concern for debt managers in the African debt markets.