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Regulation of the legal professions, including self-regulation, typically involves many restrictions on entry and professional conduct. Certain restrictions may be a remedy to market failures and may also be based on distributional or paternalistic motives. But other restrictions can be based on rent-seeking and achieve cartel-like effects. The major policy challenge is to identify and remove the restrictions which are unnecessary or
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The OECD Anti-Corruption Division won the “Highly Commended” Award in the Smart Regulation category of the 2007 Africa Investor Awards. In his acceptance speech, Patrick Moulette, Head of the OECD Anti-Corruption Division, highlights the benefits that South Africa’s membership of the Convention will bring to the fight against corruption in Africa.
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Ce rapport a été approuvé et adopté par le Groupe de travail sur la corruption dans le cadre de transactions commerciales internationales le 11 octobre 2007.
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Investment Newsletter, No. 5 puts the spotlight on the OECD’s investment instruments with reports on Egypt becoming the 40th country to adhere to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises, how OECD investment instruments are being used to inform policy deliberations relating to the investments of Sovereign Wealth Funds and the application of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises - one
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This article reproduces an interim report approved by the OECD Investment Committee at the fourth OECD Roundtable on Freedom of Investment, National Security and “Strategic” Industries on 30 March 2007. It also provides a brief overview of discriminatory practices by national authorities motivated by national security and other essential interests.
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OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurrìa outlines his views on current challenges facing the international investment policy community in the introductory chapter of the 2007 edition of International Investment Perspectives.
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This article provides revised measures of the OECD's FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index for 29 OECD countries, and extends the approach to the ten non-member countries adhering to the OECD Declaration (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Egypt, Estonia, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, and Slovenia) and four other major non-OECD countries (China, India, Russia and South Africa). The FDI restrictiveness index covers 9 sectors and 11
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Cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are growing rapidly and are changing the industrial landscape in OECD countries. This paper discusses mergers in general and then looks at whether the benefits typically associated with FDI apply equally well to both greenfield investment and takeovers. Empirical studies which look at the effect of takeovers on employment, wages, productivity and innovation in the acquired firm are
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Under many international agreements, states have negotiated language which provides that even when states have entered into treaty commitments, such commitments do not prevent them from taking measures in order to protect their essential security interests. This article analyses the frequency and scope of these provisions in international investment agreements and instruments to which OECD members are party; the way customary
En juillet 2007, l’Égypte est devenue le 40ème pays d’Afrique à adhérer à la Déclaration de l’OCDE sur l’investissement international et les entreprises multinationales. Les adhérents à la Déclaration s’engagent à accorder le traitement national aux investisseurs étrangers et à promouvoir une éthique internationale des entreprises. Avant d’être invitée à adhérer à la Déclaration, l’Égypte a fait l’objet d’un examen complet de ses