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Practices that may harm competition in the pharmaceutical sector have emerged as important and controversial issues in recent years. This proceedings examine the nature of competition between generic and branded products in the pharmaceutical sector, as well as the effects on competition of agreements to delay the entry of generics on the market. It includes an analytical note by the staff of the United States Federal Trade
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Is financial stability enhanced or weakened by competition? This proceedings addresses the link between concentration and competition in the financial sector. It includes reports from Australia, Bulgaria, Chile, Egypt, the European Commission, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, the Russian Federation, South Africa, Switzerland, Chinese Taipei, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United
The OECD and IOPS invited comments on the draft OECD/IOPS Good Practices for Pension Funds’ Risk Management Systems between 5 July and 3 September 2010. These draft good practices aim to outline the main features of risk management systems which pension funds employ.
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This paper shows that most sovereign debt is held on the banking books of banks, whereas the EU stress test considered only their small trading book exposures. It discusses why sovereign debt held in the banking book cannot be ignored by investors and creditors, because of recovery values in the event of individual bank failures; and fiscal sustainability and structural competitiveness issues which mean the market cannot give a zero
Read about OECD efforts to help governments improve the domestic and global policies that affect business and markets in the wake of the global economic crisis.
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The failing firm defence (FFD) has arisen infrequently in merger cases but is expected to be used more frequently in the current economic climate. The FFD exists in most OECD jurisdictions and exempts an otherwise anticompetitive merger from challenge under the competition laws if the target company is in such poor financial condition that its only other option would be to exit the relevant market. This proceedings includes elements
Le suivi de l’application par les pays de la Convention de l’OCDE sur la lutte contre la corruption constitue une obligation prévue par la Convention. Cette page décrit les aspects généraux du suivi sur lesquels s’est accordé le Groupe de travail sur la corruption.
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This paper discusses the impact of the crisis on defined benefit (DB) pension schemes and the temporary responses taken by regulators to help ease financially strained plan sponsors. It presents suggestions to governments and policy makers for making funding regulations more counter-cyclical in nature. Such measures could strengthen the security of DB benefits and help to maintain DB plans for future workers.
Selon un nouveau rapport du Groupe de travail sur la corruption de l’OCDE, l’Afrique du Sud doit intensifier ses efforts de détection, d’investigation et de poursuites des faits de corruption dans les transactions commerciales internationales.
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Government-guaranteed bank bonds have been an effective tool in avoiding the worst during the financial crisis. However, the pricing of the guarantees has created competitive distortions and the continued availability of such guarantees into 2010 may have reduced the pressure on some banks to address their weaknesses.