Investment treaty policy makers are increasingly faced with pressures to integrate policies relating to business responsibilities into investment treaties. As policy makers contemplate whether and how to respond in their particular field, they need to understand the broader framework for business responsibilities.
Adopted in 2017, the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains in the Garment and Footwear Sector establishes a common understanding of due diligence in the sector to help companies meet the due diligence expectations laid out in the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.
The OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains in the Garment and Footwear Sector is used as the benchmark for due diligence by many industry and multi-stakeholder initiatives. The Alignment Assessment process serves to evaluate the alignment of the standards and implementation of these initiatives with the recommendations in the Guidance.
This paper sheds light on the two types of non-discrimination provisions considered the founding stones of the multilateral system: the most favoured nation (MFN) clause - as developed under the GATT and GATS - and the non-discrimination clause among countries adhering to the OECD Codes of Liberalisation.
Divestment by multinational enterprises is an important yet understudied phenomenon. The few available estimates indicate that about a fifth of all foreign affiliates are divested every five years. This working paper presents the findings from a novel cross-country firm-level dataset with financial and ownership information.
The Guidance provides recommendations for responsible mineral supply chains to help companies to respect human rights and avoid contributing to conflict through their mineral or metal purchasing decisions and practices.
As the demand for food increases, agriculture will continue to attract investment and new actors may be confronted with ethical dilemmas and find it difficult to implement responsible business conduct in their practices. In this context the OECD and the FAO are working together to develop due diligence guidance to help enterprises observe existing widely-supported standards for RBC along agricultural supply chains.
While foreign investment supports growth and development, creates jobs and enhances welfare, it carries a potential risk for the host country’s national security or public order. This is why international instruments and agreements recognise countries’ rights to manage such risks.
The FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index (FDI Index) measures statutory restrictions on foreign direct investment in 68 countries, including all OECD and G20 countries, and covers 22 sectors.
International investment spurs prosperity and economic development in home and recipient countries. Policy coordination helps governments resist protectionist pressures and develop effective policies. The OECD's Freedom of Investment process brings together some 56 governments from around the world to exchange information and experiences on investment policies at regular roundtables.