Pharmaceuticals are special products due to special characteristics in supply and demand. Their distribution is heavily regulated to ensure that drugs are accessible, affordable, and safely consumed. Competition can and should play a role in ensuring that the pharmaceuticals distribution market works well for consumers. The 2014 Global Forum on Competition addressed competition issues in the distribution of pharmaceuticals.
Nationally and internationally competitive markets should be promoted in order to provide consumers with greater choice amongst financial services. The OECD Competition Committee discussed the Role of Competition in Financial Consumer Protection in February 2014.
OECD-GVH Regional Centre for Competition in Budapest website
In the last twenty years a number of developed and developing countries around the world have used public-private partnerships in a variety of sectors, ranging from transport and utility infrastructures (e.g. bridges, roads), to social infrastructures (e.g. schools, hospitals and prisons). Competition delegates took part in a Hearing in June 2014 to examine the major benefits and drawbacks of public-private partnerships. Read more...
The Toolkit helps governments to eliminate barriers to competition by providing a method for identifying unnecessary restraints on market activities and developing alternative, less restrictive measures that still achieve government policy objectives.
The Romanian government and the OECD are working together to assess the costs and benefits of regulations restricting competition in the food processing, transport and construction sectors and to propose specific recommendations for change.
Governments everywhere are increasingly interested in assessing the effects of their policies and the effectiveness of public institutions. Competition policy is no exception. Competition agencies affect the economy by taking decisions on cases under competition law. With their governments, they can influence market competition in the economy more widely through policy interventions.
Food processing and retail chains often give rise to competition issues, especially due to trends of high and volatile commodity prices. Competition issues in the food chain industry have been discussed by the OECD Competition Committee.
La mondialisation a apporté au droit de la concurrence une dimension beaucoup plus internationale. Ce document présente d’une part des preuves sur la complexité de la coopération entre les autorités de la concurrence et, d’autre part les défis auxquels ces derniers feront sûrement face à l'avenir pour faire respecter le droit de la concurrence et coopérer de manière plus efficace.
Globalisation has brought a much more international dimension to competition law. This paper presents evidence of the complexity of co-operation between competition agencies and the likely challenges they will encounter in the future to enforce competition law and co-operate effectively.