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This seminar explored how to detect and prevent bid rigging in public procurement using the OECD Guidelines for Fighting Bid Rigging. A variety of case studies in which procurement officials detected bid rigging or designed procedures for preventing bid rigging will be discussed. Key focal areas for the seminar are investigative best practices and techniques, leniency programs, trade associations, and the use of indirect evidence.
The OECD Recommendation on Competition Assessment calls for governments to identify existing or proposed public policies that unduly restrict competition and to revise them by adopting more pro-competitive alternatives.
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The term "resale price maintenance" refers to a practice in which suppliers and resellers come to an understanding that places restrictions on the prices resellers may charge. There are several types of such agreements, the most common involves a supplier agreeing with retailers not to charge less than a certain price for the supplier's product. RPM may harm consumers by restricting intrabrand price competition, but RPM may benefit
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Settlements procedures may pursue different policy objectives in different OECD jurisdictions. Generally, they reward cooperation from the investigated parties, they create and sustain momentum in the investigation of other conspirators and they allow cartel cases to be resolved quickly. In some jurisdictions, settlements also offer “finality”, i.e. they offer companies certainty as to the outcome of the investigation and allow them
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The term “refusal to deal” describes a situation in which one firm refuses to sell to another firm, or is willing to sell only at a price that is considered “too high” or only under conditions that are deemed unacceptable. RTDs may harm competition by preventing entry that would have eroded or eliminated the dominant firm’s position. They may also restrict competition in markets where the dominant firm’s product is an input or a
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Este documento analiza el marco regulatorio del sector farmacéutico en México y sus implicaciones en el desempeño del mercado.
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Ce rapport décrit les raisons pour lesquelles les pensions professionnelles jouent un rôle considérable dans les pays de l’OCDE et dans le reste du monde, en apportant aux retraités un complément de revenus par rapport aux régimes publics. Le volume des actifs gérés pour le compte des participants aux plans, soit 22 000 milliards USD à la fin 2008, témoigne de leur importance sur le plan financier. Le vieillissement démographique a
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Le comité de la concurrence de l’OCDE a discuté, les 17 et 18 février 2009, desquestions de concurrence qui se posent dans le cadre de la crise financière actuelle. Cette brochure inclut deux documents clés concernant cette discussion :une synthèse qui résulte du débat et des contributions écrites, et une note de référence préparée en vue de la discussion. L’ensemble de la documentation relative à la discussion du comité, y compris
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The financial sector is vulnerable to systemic loss of trust. The current crisis resulted from failures in financial market regulation, not failure of competition. Competition and stability can co-exist in the financial sector: more competitive market structures promote stability by reducing the number of banks that are “too big to fail”. Competition helps make the financial sector efficient and ensure that rescue and stimulus
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Gasoline retailing has changed dramatically over the last 25 years. While refiners often still have extensive networks of gasoline retailers, there is also a large independent sector in many countries. A study of the effects of entry by large general retailers finds benefits to consumers. There has been a vigorous debate about whether vertical separation between gasoline stations and upstream entities should be required. It appears