The waste management sector has undergone significant changes these past years such as the move away from waste landfills, in particular small local ones, and the increased use of incinerators.
After a first discussion held in 1999, the OECD Working Party No. 2 on Competition and Regulation explored Competition Issues in Waste Management in October 2013.
The discussion examined the various stages of the waste treatment process: collection, treatment or disposal with a special attention to the effect of the introduction of extended producer responsibility, a policy approach under which producers accept significant responsibility - financial and/or physical - for the treatment or disposal of post-consumer products. This indeed has led to the creation of a variety of schemes aimed at fulfilling this responsibility, has supported the achievement of public recycling and materials management goals and has created a number of new markets in which the raw material originated from the recycling process is sold.
Full set of meeting documents (pdf) including:
executive summary with key findings, background note,
26 country contributions and a detailed summary of the discussion.
Presentation by Dr. Massarutto,(DIES, University of Udine, Italy)
Panellist present at the October 2013 discussion