Competitive neutrality means that state-owned and private businesses compete on a level playing field. This is essential for the effective use of resources within the economy and thus the achievement of growth and development. While the principle of competitive neutrality is gaining wide support around the world, obtaining it in practice is a much more difficult question.
The OECD is engaged in multiple projects to assist policy makers in designing, adopting, and implementing appropriate policies. This page provides access to work completed to date.
08/12/2016 - An estimated 22% of the world’s largest firms are now effectively under state control. The upsurge of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) as global competitors has given rise to concerns regarding their competitive situation. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, the OECD has looked at the issues from the competition, investment, corporate governance and trade policy perspectives.
19/10/2016 - Some business competitors and observers claim that compensation granted by governments to SOEs in return for public policy obligations carried out at home as well as other advantages enjoyed by SOEs but not privately-owned firms can give SOEs a competitive edge in international markets. The challenge is that in a globalised economy, some state interventionist policies can have beggar-thy-neighbour effects. The risk of not addressing such concerns is that trade and investment partners may revert to protectionist responses, which in turn may discourage much-needed international investment. In this context, the OECD hosted a half-day dialogue on the topic of SOEs as global competitors.
State-owned enterprises - Trade effects and policy implications, April 2013
Competitive Neutrality: Maintaining a level playing field between public and private business, May 2012
National Practices concerning competitive neutrality, April 2012
Compendium of OECD recommendations, guidelines and best practices bearing on competitive neutrality. April 2012
Competitive neutrality and state-owned enterprises in Australia, August 2011
State-owned enterprises and the principle of competitive neutrality, 2009
Competitive neutrality and state-owned enterprises, May 2011
Accountability and Transparency: a Guide for State Ownership, 2010
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